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Title: GAS RESERVOIRS AND STAR FORMATION IN A FORMING GALAXY CLUSTER AT zbsime0.2

Abstract

We present first results from the Blind Ultra-Deep H I Environmental Survey of the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope. Our survey is the first direct imaging study of neutral atomic hydrogen gas in galaxies at a redshift where evolutionary processes begin to show. In this Letter we investigate star formation, H I content, and galaxy morphology, as a function of environment in Abell 2192 (at z = 0.1876). Using a three-dimensional visualization technique, we find that Abell 2192 is a cluster in the process of forming, with significant substructure in it. We distinguish four structures that are separated in redshift and/or space. The richest structure is the baby cluster itself, with a core of elliptical galaxies that coincides with (weak) X-ray emission, almost no H I detections, and suppressed star formation. Surrounding the cluster, we find a compact group where galaxies pre-process before falling into the cluster, and a scattered population of 'field-like' galaxies showing more star formation and H I detections. This cluster proves to be an excellent laboratory to understand the fate of the H I gas in the framework of galaxy evolution. We clearly see that the H I gas and the star formation correlate with morphology andmore » environment at z {approx} 0.2. In particular, the fraction of H I detections is significantly affected by the environment. The effect starts to kick in in low-mass groups that pre-process the galaxies before they enter the cluster. Our results suggest that by the time the group galaxies fall into the cluster, they are already devoid of H I.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, vicolo dell' Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy)
  2. Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Landleven 12, 9747-AD Groningen (Netherlands)
  3. Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, Mail Code 5246, 550 W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22078557
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 756; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DETECTION; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXY CLUSTERS; HYDROGEN; MASS; MORPHOLOGY; RADIO TELESCOPES; RED SHIFT; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; X-RAY EMISSION ANALYSIS

Citation Formats

Jaffe, Yara L., Poggianti, Bianca M., Verheijen, Marc A. W., Deshev, Boris Z., and Van Gorkom, Jacqueline H., E-mail: yara.jaffe@oapd.inaf.it. GAS RESERVOIRS AND STAR FORMATION IN A FORMING GALAXY CLUSTER AT zbsime0.2. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/756/2/L28.
Jaffe, Yara L., Poggianti, Bianca M., Verheijen, Marc A. W., Deshev, Boris Z., & Van Gorkom, Jacqueline H., E-mail: yara.jaffe@oapd.inaf.it. GAS RESERVOIRS AND STAR FORMATION IN A FORMING GALAXY CLUSTER AT zbsime0.2. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/756/2/L28.
Jaffe, Yara L., Poggianti, Bianca M., Verheijen, Marc A. W., Deshev, Boris Z., and Van Gorkom, Jacqueline H., E-mail: yara.jaffe@oapd.inaf.it. 2012. "GAS RESERVOIRS AND STAR FORMATION IN A FORMING GALAXY CLUSTER AT zbsime0.2". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/756/2/L28.
@article{osti_22078557,
title = {GAS RESERVOIRS AND STAR FORMATION IN A FORMING GALAXY CLUSTER AT zbsime0.2},
author = {Jaffe, Yara L. and Poggianti, Bianca M. and Verheijen, Marc A. W. and Deshev, Boris Z. and Van Gorkom, Jacqueline H., E-mail: yara.jaffe@oapd.inaf.it},
abstractNote = {We present first results from the Blind Ultra-Deep H I Environmental Survey of the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope. Our survey is the first direct imaging study of neutral atomic hydrogen gas in galaxies at a redshift where evolutionary processes begin to show. In this Letter we investigate star formation, H I content, and galaxy morphology, as a function of environment in Abell 2192 (at z = 0.1876). Using a three-dimensional visualization technique, we find that Abell 2192 is a cluster in the process of forming, with significant substructure in it. We distinguish four structures that are separated in redshift and/or space. The richest structure is the baby cluster itself, with a core of elliptical galaxies that coincides with (weak) X-ray emission, almost no H I detections, and suppressed star formation. Surrounding the cluster, we find a compact group where galaxies pre-process before falling into the cluster, and a scattered population of 'field-like' galaxies showing more star formation and H I detections. This cluster proves to be an excellent laboratory to understand the fate of the H I gas in the framework of galaxy evolution. We clearly see that the H I gas and the star formation correlate with morphology and environment at z {approx} 0.2. In particular, the fraction of H I detections is significantly affected by the environment. The effect starts to kick in in low-mass groups that pre-process the galaxies before they enter the cluster. Our results suggest that by the time the group galaxies fall into the cluster, they are already devoid of H I.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/756/2/L28},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 756,
place = {United States},
year = 2012,
month = 9
}
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