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Title: Proton emission from cone-in-shell fast-ignition experiments at Omega

Abstract

Measurements of energetic protons from cone-in-shell fast-igniton implosions at Omega have been conducted. In these experiments, charged-particle spectrometers were used to measure a significant population (>10{sup 13}) of energetic protons (7.5 MeV max.), indicating the presence of strong electric fields. These energetic protons, observed in directions both transverse and forward relative to the direction of the short-pulse laser beam, have been used to study aspects of coupling efficiency of the petawatt fast-ignitior beam. Approximately 5% of the laser energy coupled to hot electrons was lost to fast ions. Forward going protons were less energetic and showed no dependence on laser intensity or whether the cone tip was intact when the short-pulse laser was fired. Maximum energies of protons emitted transverse to the cone-in-shell target scale with incident on-target laser intensity (2-6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18}W-cm{sup -2}), as described by the ponderomotive scaling ({proportional_to}I{sup 1/2}). It is shown that these protons are accelerated from the entire cone, rather than from the cone tip alone. These protons were used to estimate the lower limit on the hot-electron temperature, which was found to be hotter than the ponderomotive scaling by factors of 2-3.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
  2. Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22072597
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2012 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CONES; COUPLING; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; ELECTRONS; IONS; LASERS; MEV RANGE; OMEGA FACILITY; PONDEROMOTIVE FORCE; PROTONS; SPECTROMETERS

Citation Formats

Sinenian, N., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Theobald, W., Stoeckl, C., and Stephens, R. B. Proton emission from cone-in-shell fast-ignition experiments at Omega. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4767636.
Sinenian, N., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Theobald, W., Stoeckl, C., & Stephens, R. B. Proton emission from cone-in-shell fast-ignition experiments at Omega. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4767636.
Sinenian, N., Frenje, J. A., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Theobald, W., Stoeckl, C., and Stephens, R. B. Thu . "Proton emission from cone-in-shell fast-ignition experiments at Omega". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4767636.
@article{osti_22072597,
title = {Proton emission from cone-in-shell fast-ignition experiments at Omega},
author = {Sinenian, N. and Frenje, J. A. and Seguin, F. H. and Li, C. K. and Petrasso, R. D. and Theobald, W. and Stoeckl, C. and Stephens, R. B.},
abstractNote = {Measurements of energetic protons from cone-in-shell fast-igniton implosions at Omega have been conducted. In these experiments, charged-particle spectrometers were used to measure a significant population (>10{sup 13}) of energetic protons (7.5 MeV max.), indicating the presence of strong electric fields. These energetic protons, observed in directions both transverse and forward relative to the direction of the short-pulse laser beam, have been used to study aspects of coupling efficiency of the petawatt fast-ignitior beam. Approximately 5% of the laser energy coupled to hot electrons was lost to fast ions. Forward going protons were less energetic and showed no dependence on laser intensity or whether the cone tip was intact when the short-pulse laser was fired. Maximum energies of protons emitted transverse to the cone-in-shell target scale with incident on-target laser intensity (2-6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18}W-cm{sup -2}), as described by the ponderomotive scaling ({proportional_to}I{sup 1/2}). It is shown that these protons are accelerated from the entire cone, rather than from the cone tip alone. These protons were used to estimate the lower limit on the hot-electron temperature, which was found to be hotter than the ponderomotive scaling by factors of 2-3.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4767636},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 11,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}