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Title: Cs atoms on helium nanodroplets and the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the nanodroplet

Abstract

We report the non-desorption of cesium (Cs) atoms on the surface of helium nanodroplets (He{sub N}) in their 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state upon photo-excitation as well as the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the He{sub N} upon photo-ionization via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state. Cesium atoms on the surface of helium nanodroplets are excited with a laser to the 6{sup 2}P states. We compare laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectra with a desorption-sensitive method (Langmuir-Taylor detection) for different excitation energies. Dispersed fluorescence spectra show a broadening of the emission spectrum only when Cs-He{sub N} is excited with photon energies close to the atomic D{sub 1}-line, which implies an attractive character of the excited state system (Cs*-He{sub N}) potential energy curve. The experimental data are compared with a calculation of the potential energy curves of the Cs atom as a function of its distance R from the center of the He{sub N} in a pseudo-diatomic model. Calculated Franck-Condon factors for emission from the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) to the 6{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Sigma}{sub 1/2}) state help to explain the experimental data. The stability of the Cs*-He{sub N} system allows to form Cs{sup +} snowballsmore » in the He{sub N}, where we use the non-desorbing 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state as a springboard for ionization in a two-step ionization scheme. Subsequent immersion of positively charged Cs ions is observed in time-of-flight mass spectra, where masses up to several thousand amu were monitored. Only ionization via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state gives rise to a very high yield of immersed Cs{sup +} in contrast to an ionization scheme via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 3/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2}) state. When resonant two-photon ionization is applied to cesium dimers on He droplets, Cs{sub 2}{sup +}-He{sub N} aggregates are observed in time-of-flight mass spectra.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Experimental Physics, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz (Austria)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22038671
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 135; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CESIUM; CESIUM IONS; DESORPTION; DETECTION; EMISSION SPECTRA; EXCITATION; EXCITED STATES; FLUORESCENCE; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; HELIUM; MASS SPECTRA; PHOTOIONIZATION; POTENTIAL ENERGY

Citation Formats

Theisen, Moritz, Lackner, Florian, and Ernst, Wolfgang E. Cs atoms on helium nanodroplets and the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the nanodroplet. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3624840.
Theisen, Moritz, Lackner, Florian, & Ernst, Wolfgang E. Cs atoms on helium nanodroplets and the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the nanodroplet. United States. doi:10.1063/1.3624840.
Theisen, Moritz, Lackner, Florian, and Ernst, Wolfgang E. Sun . "Cs atoms on helium nanodroplets and the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the nanodroplet". United States. doi:10.1063/1.3624840.
@article{osti_22038671,
title = {Cs atoms on helium nanodroplets and the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the nanodroplet},
author = {Theisen, Moritz and Lackner, Florian and Ernst, Wolfgang E},
abstractNote = {We report the non-desorption of cesium (Cs) atoms on the surface of helium nanodroplets (He{sub N}) in their 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state upon photo-excitation as well as the immersion of Cs{sup +} into the He{sub N} upon photo-ionization via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state. Cesium atoms on the surface of helium nanodroplets are excited with a laser to the 6{sup 2}P states. We compare laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) spectra with a desorption-sensitive method (Langmuir-Taylor detection) for different excitation energies. Dispersed fluorescence spectra show a broadening of the emission spectrum only when Cs-He{sub N} is excited with photon energies close to the atomic D{sub 1}-line, which implies an attractive character of the excited state system (Cs*-He{sub N}) potential energy curve. The experimental data are compared with a calculation of the potential energy curves of the Cs atom as a function of its distance R from the center of the He{sub N} in a pseudo-diatomic model. Calculated Franck-Condon factors for emission from the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) to the 6{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Sigma}{sub 1/2}) state help to explain the experimental data. The stability of the Cs*-He{sub N} system allows to form Cs{sup +} snowballs in the He{sub N}, where we use the non-desorbing 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state as a springboard for ionization in a two-step ionization scheme. Subsequent immersion of positively charged Cs ions is observed in time-of-flight mass spectra, where masses up to several thousand amu were monitored. Only ionization via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 1/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2}) state gives rise to a very high yield of immersed Cs{sup +} in contrast to an ionization scheme via the 6{sup 2}P{sub 3/2} ({sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2}) state. When resonant two-photon ionization is applied to cesium dimers on He droplets, Cs{sub 2}{sup +}-He{sub N} aggregates are observed in time-of-flight mass spectra.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3624840},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
issn = {0021-9606},
number = 7,
volume = 135,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {8}
}