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Title: STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE DISK COUNTERPARTS OF TYPE II SPICULES FROM SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID BLUESHIFTED EXCURSIONS IN Ca II 8542 AND H{alpha}

Abstract

Spicules were recently found to exist as two different types when a new class of so-called type II spicules was discovered at the solar limb with the Solar Optical Telescope on board the Hinode spacecraft. These type II spicules have been linked with on-disk observations of rapid blueshifted excursions (RBEs) in the H{alpha} and Ca II 8542 lines. Here we analyze observations optimized for the detection of RBEs in both H{alpha} and Ca II 8542 lines simultaneously at a high temporal cadence taken with the Crisp Imaging Spectropolarimeter at the Swedish Solar Telescope on La Palma. In this study, we used a high-quality time sequence for RBEs at different blueshifts and employed an automated detection routine to detect a large number of RBEs in order to expand on the statistics of RBEs. We find that the number of detected RBEs is strongly dependent on the associated Doppler velocity of the images on which the search is performed. Automatic detection of RBEs at lower velocities increases the estimated number of RBEs to the same order of magnitude expected from limb spicules. This shows that RBEs and type II spicules are indeed exponents of the same phenomenon. Furthermore, we provide solid evidencemore » that Ca II 8542 RBEs are connected to H{alpha} RBEs and are located closer to the network regions with the H{alpha} RBEs being a continuation of the Ca II 8542 RBEs. Our results show that RBEs have an average lifetime of 83.9 s when observed in both spectral lines and that the Doppler velocities of RBEs range from 10 to 25 km s{sup -1} in Ca II 8542 and 30 to 50 km s{sup -1} in H{alpha}. In addition, we automatically determine the transverse motion of a much larger sample of RBEs than previous studies, and find that, just like type II spicules, RBEs undergo significant transverse motions of the order of 5-10 km s{sup -1}. Finally, we find that the intergranular jets discovered at Big Bear Solar Observatory are a subset of RBEs.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)
  2. Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, Org. A021S, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover Street Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22037014
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 752; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CALCIUM IONS; CHROMOSPHERE; DETECTION; IMAGES; JETS; LIFETIME; SOLAR PROMINENCES; STATISTICS; SUN; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Sekse, D. H., Rouppe van der Voort, L., and De Pontieu, B. STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE DISK COUNTERPARTS OF TYPE II SPICULES FROM SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID BLUESHIFTED EXCURSIONS IN Ca II 8542 AND H{alpha}. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/108.
Sekse, D. H., Rouppe van der Voort, L., & De Pontieu, B. STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE DISK COUNTERPARTS OF TYPE II SPICULES FROM SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID BLUESHIFTED EXCURSIONS IN Ca II 8542 AND H{alpha}. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/108.
Sekse, D. H., Rouppe van der Voort, L., and De Pontieu, B. Wed . "STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE DISK COUNTERPARTS OF TYPE II SPICULES FROM SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID BLUESHIFTED EXCURSIONS IN Ca II 8542 AND H{alpha}". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/108.
@article{osti_22037014,
title = {STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE DISK COUNTERPARTS OF TYPE II SPICULES FROM SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID BLUESHIFTED EXCURSIONS IN Ca II 8542 AND H{alpha}},
author = {Sekse, D. H. and Rouppe van der Voort, L. and De Pontieu, B.},
abstractNote = {Spicules were recently found to exist as two different types when a new class of so-called type II spicules was discovered at the solar limb with the Solar Optical Telescope on board the Hinode spacecraft. These type II spicules have been linked with on-disk observations of rapid blueshifted excursions (RBEs) in the H{alpha} and Ca II 8542 lines. Here we analyze observations optimized for the detection of RBEs in both H{alpha} and Ca II 8542 lines simultaneously at a high temporal cadence taken with the Crisp Imaging Spectropolarimeter at the Swedish Solar Telescope on La Palma. In this study, we used a high-quality time sequence for RBEs at different blueshifts and employed an automated detection routine to detect a large number of RBEs in order to expand on the statistics of RBEs. We find that the number of detected RBEs is strongly dependent on the associated Doppler velocity of the images on which the search is performed. Automatic detection of RBEs at lower velocities increases the estimated number of RBEs to the same order of magnitude expected from limb spicules. This shows that RBEs and type II spicules are indeed exponents of the same phenomenon. Furthermore, we provide solid evidence that Ca II 8542 RBEs are connected to H{alpha} RBEs and are located closer to the network regions with the H{alpha} RBEs being a continuation of the Ca II 8542 RBEs. Our results show that RBEs have an average lifetime of 83.9 s when observed in both spectral lines and that the Doppler velocities of RBEs range from 10 to 25 km s{sup -1} in Ca II 8542 and 30 to 50 km s{sup -1} in H{alpha}. In addition, we automatically determine the transverse motion of a much larger sample of RBEs than previous studies, and find that, just like type II spicules, RBEs undergo significant transverse motions of the order of 5-10 km s{sup -1}. Finally, we find that the intergranular jets discovered at Big Bear Solar Observatory are a subset of RBEs.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/108},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 752,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {6}
}