skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP

Abstract

The disk around the Herbig Ae star HD 169142 was imaged and resolved at 18.8 and 24.5 {mu}m using Subaru/COMICS. We interpret the observations using a two-dimensional radiative transfer model and find evidence for the presence of a large gap. The mid-infrared images trace dust that is emitted at the onset of a strong rise in the spectral energy distribution (SED) at 20 {mu}m, and are therefore very sensitive to the location and characteristics of the inner wall of the outer disk and its dust. We determine the location of the wall to be 23{sup +3}{sub -5} AU from the star. An extra component of hot dust must exist close to the star. We find that a hydrostatic optically thick inner disk does not produce enough flux in the near-infrared, and an optically thin, geometrically thick component is our solution to fit the SED. Considering the recent findings of gaps and holes in a number of Herbig Ae/Be group I disks, we suggest that such disk structures may be common in group I sources. Classification as group I should be considered a strong case for classification as a transitional disk, though improved imaging surveys are needed to support this speculation.

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]; ;  [9]; ;  [10]; ;  [11]
  1. Department of Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Science, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293 (Japan)
  2. Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  3. Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512 (Japan)
  4. Department of Infrared Astrophysics, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)
  5. Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)
  6. Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)
  7. Astronomical Institute Utrecht, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands)
  8. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
  9. Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)
  10. Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan)
  11. Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22037007
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 752; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CLASSIFICATION; COSMIC DUST; ENERGY SPECTRA; MAIN SEQUENCE STARS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; PROTOPLANETS; PROTOSTARS; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER

Citation Formats

Honda, M., Maaskant, Koen, Waters, L. B. F. M., Dominik, C., Mulders, G. D., Okamoto, Y. K., Kataza, H., Fukagawa, M., Tielens, A. G. G. M., Min, M., Yamashita, T., Fujiyoshi, T., Fujiwara, H., Miyata, T., Sako, S., Sakon, I., and Onaka, T. MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/143.
Honda, M., Maaskant, Koen, Waters, L. B. F. M., Dominik, C., Mulders, G. D., Okamoto, Y. K., Kataza, H., Fukagawa, M., Tielens, A. G. G. M., Min, M., Yamashita, T., Fujiyoshi, T., Fujiwara, H., Miyata, T., Sako, S., Sakon, I., & Onaka, T. MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/143.
Honda, M., Maaskant, Koen, Waters, L. B. F. M., Dominik, C., Mulders, G. D., Okamoto, Y. K., Kataza, H., Fukagawa, M., Tielens, A. G. G. M., Min, M., Yamashita, T., Fujiyoshi, T., Fujiwara, H., Miyata, T., Sako, S., Sakon, I., and Onaka, T. Wed . "MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/143.
@article{osti_22037007,
title = {MID-INFRARED IMAGING OF THE TRANSITIONAL DISK OF HD 169142: MEASURING THE SIZE OF THE GAP},
author = {Honda, M. and Maaskant, Koen and Waters, L. B. F. M. and Dominik, C. and Mulders, G. D. and Okamoto, Y. K. and Kataza, H. and Fukagawa, M. and Tielens, A. G. G. M. and Min, M. and Yamashita, T. and Fujiyoshi, T. and Fujiwara, H. and Miyata, T. and Sako, S. and Sakon, I. and Onaka, T.},
abstractNote = {The disk around the Herbig Ae star HD 169142 was imaged and resolved at 18.8 and 24.5 {mu}m using Subaru/COMICS. We interpret the observations using a two-dimensional radiative transfer model and find evidence for the presence of a large gap. The mid-infrared images trace dust that is emitted at the onset of a strong rise in the spectral energy distribution (SED) at 20 {mu}m, and are therefore very sensitive to the location and characteristics of the inner wall of the outer disk and its dust. We determine the location of the wall to be 23{sup +3}{sub -5} AU from the star. An extra component of hot dust must exist close to the star. We find that a hydrostatic optically thick inner disk does not produce enough flux in the near-infrared, and an optically thin, geometrically thick component is our solution to fit the SED. Considering the recent findings of gaps and holes in a number of Herbig Ae/Be group I disks, we suggest that such disk structures may be common in group I sources. Classification as group I should be considered a strong case for classification as a transitional disk, though improved imaging surveys are needed to support this speculation.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/752/2/143},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 752,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {6}
}