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Title: THE MISSING CAVITIES IN THE SEEDS POLARIZED SCATTERED LIGHT IMAGES OF TRANSITIONAL PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: A GENERIC DISK MODEL

Abstract

Transitional circumstellar disks around young stellar objects have a distinctive infrared deficit around 10 {mu}m in their spectral energy distributions, recently measured by the Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph (IRS), suggesting dust depletion in the inner regions. These disks have been confirmed to have giant central cavities by imaging of the submillimeter continuum emission using the Submillimeter Array (SMA). However, the polarized near-infrared scattered light images for most objects in a systematic IRS/SMA cross sample, obtained by HiCIAO on the Subaru telescope, show no evidence for the cavity, in clear contrast with SMA and Spitzer observations. Radiative transfer modeling indicates that many of these scattered light images are consistent with a smooth spatial distribution for {mu}m-sized grains, with little discontinuity in the surface density of the {mu}m-sized grains at the cavity edge. Here we present a generic disk model that can simultaneously account for the general features in IRS, SMA, and Subaru observations. Particularly, the scattered light images for this model are computed, which agree with the general trend seen in Subaru data. Decoupling between the spatial distributions of the {mu}m-sized dust and mm-sized dust inside the cavity is suggested by the model, which, if confirmed, necessitates a mechanism, such as dustmore » filtration, for differentiating the small and big dust in the cavity clearing process. Our model also suggests an inwardly increasing gas-to-dust ratio in the inner disk, and different spatial distributions for the small dust inside and outside the cavity, echoing the predictions in grain coagulation and growth models.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ;  [5];  [6];  [7]; ;  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14] more »; « less
  1. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (United States)
  3. Astronomy Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 N. Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)
  4. Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)
  5. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
  6. ExoPlanets and Stellar Astrophysics Laboratory, Code 667, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
  7. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  8. Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)
  9. Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  10. Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)
  11. Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Shonan International Village, Hayama-cho, Miura-gun, Kanagawa 240-0193 (Japan)
  12. Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, 06300 Nice (France)
  13. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany)
  14. Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Charleston, 58 Coming Street, Charleston, SC 29424 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22034465
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 750; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COSMIC DUST; DECOUPLING; DENSITY; ENERGY SPECTRA; IMAGES; MAIN SEQUENCE STARS; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; PHOTON EMISSION; PROTOPLANETS; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Dong, R., Rafikov, R., Zhu, Z., Brandt, T., Janson, M., Hartmann, L., Whitney, B., Muto, T., Hashimoto, J., Kuzuhara, M., Grady, C., Follette, K., Tanii, R., Itoh, Y., Thalmann, C., Wisniewski, J., Mayama, S., Abe, L., Brandner, W., Carson, J., E-mail: rdong@astro.princeton.edu, and and others. THE MISSING CAVITIES IN THE SEEDS POLARIZED SCATTERED LIGHT IMAGES OF TRANSITIONAL PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: A GENERIC DISK MODEL. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/161.
Dong, R., Rafikov, R., Zhu, Z., Brandt, T., Janson, M., Hartmann, L., Whitney, B., Muto, T., Hashimoto, J., Kuzuhara, M., Grady, C., Follette, K., Tanii, R., Itoh, Y., Thalmann, C., Wisniewski, J., Mayama, S., Abe, L., Brandner, W., Carson, J., E-mail: rdong@astro.princeton.edu, & and others. THE MISSING CAVITIES IN THE SEEDS POLARIZED SCATTERED LIGHT IMAGES OF TRANSITIONAL PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: A GENERIC DISK MODEL. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/161.
Dong, R., Rafikov, R., Zhu, Z., Brandt, T., Janson, M., Hartmann, L., Whitney, B., Muto, T., Hashimoto, J., Kuzuhara, M., Grady, C., Follette, K., Tanii, R., Itoh, Y., Thalmann, C., Wisniewski, J., Mayama, S., Abe, L., Brandner, W., Carson, J., E-mail: rdong@astro.princeton.edu, and and others. Thu . "THE MISSING CAVITIES IN THE SEEDS POLARIZED SCATTERED LIGHT IMAGES OF TRANSITIONAL PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: A GENERIC DISK MODEL". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/161.
@article{osti_22034465,
title = {THE MISSING CAVITIES IN THE SEEDS POLARIZED SCATTERED LIGHT IMAGES OF TRANSITIONAL PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: A GENERIC DISK MODEL},
author = {Dong, R. and Rafikov, R. and Zhu, Z. and Brandt, T. and Janson, M. and Hartmann, L. and Whitney, B. and Muto, T. and Hashimoto, J. and Kuzuhara, M. and Grady, C. and Follette, K. and Tanii, R. and Itoh, Y. and Thalmann, C. and Wisniewski, J. and Mayama, S. and Abe, L. and Brandner, W. and Carson, J., E-mail: rdong@astro.princeton.edu and and others},
abstractNote = {Transitional circumstellar disks around young stellar objects have a distinctive infrared deficit around 10 {mu}m in their spectral energy distributions, recently measured by the Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph (IRS), suggesting dust depletion in the inner regions. These disks have been confirmed to have giant central cavities by imaging of the submillimeter continuum emission using the Submillimeter Array (SMA). However, the polarized near-infrared scattered light images for most objects in a systematic IRS/SMA cross sample, obtained by HiCIAO on the Subaru telescope, show no evidence for the cavity, in clear contrast with SMA and Spitzer observations. Radiative transfer modeling indicates that many of these scattered light images are consistent with a smooth spatial distribution for {mu}m-sized grains, with little discontinuity in the surface density of the {mu}m-sized grains at the cavity edge. Here we present a generic disk model that can simultaneously account for the general features in IRS, SMA, and Subaru observations. Particularly, the scattered light images for this model are computed, which agree with the general trend seen in Subaru data. Decoupling between the spatial distributions of the {mu}m-sized dust and mm-sized dust inside the cavity is suggested by the model, which, if confirmed, necessitates a mechanism, such as dust filtration, for differentiating the small and big dust in the cavity clearing process. Our model also suggests an inwardly increasing gas-to-dust ratio in the inner disk, and different spatial distributions for the small dust inside and outside the cavity, echoing the predictions in grain coagulation and growth models.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/750/2/161},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 750,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 10 00:00:00 EDT 2012},
month = {Thu May 10 00:00:00 EDT 2012}
}