skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A SEARCH FOR INFRARED EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AT THE TRANSITIONAL PHASE

Abstract

Most of the observational studies of supernova (SN) explosions are limited to early phases (100 yr) in our Galaxy or very nearby galaxies. SNe at the epoch between these two, which we call the 'transitional' phase, have not been explored in detail except for several extragalactic SNe including SN 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud. We present theoretical predictions for the infrared (IR) dust emissions by several mechanisms; emission from dust formed in the SN ejecta, light echo by circumstellar (CS) and interstellar (IS) dust, and emission from shocked CS dust. We search for IR emission from six core-collapse SNe at the transitional phase in the nearby galaxies NGC 1313, NGC 6946, and M101 by using the data taken with the AKARI satellite and Spitzer. Among six targets, we detect the emission from SN 1978K in NGC 1313. SN 1978K is associated with 1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M{sub Sun} of silicate dust. We show that, among several mechanisms, the shocked CS dust is the most probable emission source to explain the IR emission observed for SN 1978K. IR emission from the other five objects is not detected. Our current observations are sensitive to IR luminosity of >10{sup 38} erg s{supmore » -1}, and the non-detection of SN 1962M excludes the existence of the shocked CS dust for a high gas mass-loss rate of {approx}10{sup -4} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. Observations of SNe at the transitional phase with future IR satellites will fill the gap of IR observations of SNe with the age of 10-100 yr, and give a new opportunity to study the CS and IS environments of the progenitor, and possibly dust formation in SNe.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]; ; ; ;  [3]; ;  [4];  [5]
  1. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo (Japan)
  2. Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa (Japan)
  3. Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)
  4. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan)
  5. Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22020355
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 749; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; DUSTS; EXPLOSIONS; INFRARED RADIATION; LUMINOSITY; MAGELLANIC CLOUDS; PHOTON EMISSION; SATELLITES; SILICATES; SUPERNOVAE; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Tanaka, Masaomi, Nozawa, Takaya, Maeda, Keiichi, Sakon, Itsuki, Onaka, Takashi, Arimatsu, Ko, Ohsawa, Ryo, Wada, Takehiko, Matsuhara, Hideo, and Kaneda, Hidehiro. A SEARCH FOR INFRARED EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AT THE TRANSITIONAL PHASE. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/173.
Tanaka, Masaomi, Nozawa, Takaya, Maeda, Keiichi, Sakon, Itsuki, Onaka, Takashi, Arimatsu, Ko, Ohsawa, Ryo, Wada, Takehiko, Matsuhara, Hideo, & Kaneda, Hidehiro. A SEARCH FOR INFRARED EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AT THE TRANSITIONAL PHASE. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/173.
Tanaka, Masaomi, Nozawa, Takaya, Maeda, Keiichi, Sakon, Itsuki, Onaka, Takashi, Arimatsu, Ko, Ohsawa, Ryo, Wada, Takehiko, Matsuhara, Hideo, and Kaneda, Hidehiro. Fri . "A SEARCH FOR INFRARED EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AT THE TRANSITIONAL PHASE". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/173.
@article{osti_22020355,
title = {A SEARCH FOR INFRARED EMISSION FROM CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE AT THE TRANSITIONAL PHASE},
author = {Tanaka, Masaomi and Nozawa, Takaya and Maeda, Keiichi and Sakon, Itsuki and Onaka, Takashi and Arimatsu, Ko and Ohsawa, Ryo and Wada, Takehiko and Matsuhara, Hideo and Kaneda, Hidehiro},
abstractNote = {Most of the observational studies of supernova (SN) explosions are limited to early phases (100 yr) in our Galaxy or very nearby galaxies. SNe at the epoch between these two, which we call the 'transitional' phase, have not been explored in detail except for several extragalactic SNe including SN 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud. We present theoretical predictions for the infrared (IR) dust emissions by several mechanisms; emission from dust formed in the SN ejecta, light echo by circumstellar (CS) and interstellar (IS) dust, and emission from shocked CS dust. We search for IR emission from six core-collapse SNe at the transitional phase in the nearby galaxies NGC 1313, NGC 6946, and M101 by using the data taken with the AKARI satellite and Spitzer. Among six targets, we detect the emission from SN 1978K in NGC 1313. SN 1978K is associated with 1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M{sub Sun} of silicate dust. We show that, among several mechanisms, the shocked CS dust is the most probable emission source to explain the IR emission observed for SN 1978K. IR emission from the other five objects is not detected. Our current observations are sensitive to IR luminosity of >10{sup 38} erg s{sup -1}, and the non-detection of SN 1962M excludes the existence of the shocked CS dust for a high gas mass-loss rate of {approx}10{sup -4} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}. Observations of SNe at the transitional phase with future IR satellites will fill the gap of IR observations of SNe with the age of 10-100 yr, and give a new opportunity to study the CS and IS environments of the progenitor, and possibly dust formation in SNe.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/173},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 749,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {4}
}