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Title: THE INTERACTION OF COSMIC RAYS WITH DIFFUSE CLOUDS

Abstract

We study the change in cosmic-ray pressure, the change in cosmic-ray density, and the level of cosmic-ray-induced heating via Alfven-wave damping when cosmic rays move from a hot ionized plasma to a cool cloud embedded in that plasma. The general analysis method outlined here can apply to diffuse clouds in either the ionized interstellar medium or in galactic winds. We introduce a general-purpose model of cosmic-ray diffusion building upon the hydrodynamic approximation for cosmic rays (from McKenzie and Voelk and Breitschwerdt and collaborators). Our improved method self-consistently derives the cosmic-ray flux and diffusivity under the assumption that the streaming instability is the dominant mechanism for setting the cosmic-ray flux and diffusion. We find that, as expected, cosmic rays do not couple to gas within cool clouds (cosmic rays exert no forces inside of cool clouds), that the cosmic-ray density does not increase within clouds (it may decrease slightly in general, and decrease by an order of magnitude in some cases), and that cosmic-ray heating (via Alfven-wave damping and not collisional effects as for {approx}10 MeV cosmic rays) is only important under the conditions of relatively strong (10 {mu}G) magnetic fields or high cosmic-ray pressure ({approx}10{sup -11} erg cm{sup -3}).

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21587489
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 739; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/60; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALFVEN WAVES; APPROXIMATIONS; CLOUDS; COSMIC RADIATION; COSMIC RAY FLUX; DAMPING; DENSITY; DIFFUSION; HEATING; HYDRODYNAMICS; INTERACTIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLASMA; RADIATION PRESSURE; CALCULATION METHODS; FLUID MECHANICS; HYDROMAGNETIC WAVES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; MECHANICS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; RADIATION FLUX; RADIATIONS

Citation Formats

Everett, John E., and Zweibel, Ellen G., E-mail: everett@physics.wisc.edu. THE INTERACTION OF COSMIC RAYS WITH DIFFUSE CLOUDS. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/60; COUNTRY OF INPUT: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA).
Everett, John E., & Zweibel, Ellen G., E-mail: everett@physics.wisc.edu. THE INTERACTION OF COSMIC RAYS WITH DIFFUSE CLOUDS. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/60; COUNTRY OF INPUT: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA).
Everett, John E., and Zweibel, Ellen G., E-mail: everett@physics.wisc.edu. Sat . "THE INTERACTION OF COSMIC RAYS WITH DIFFUSE CLOUDS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/60; COUNTRY OF INPUT: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA).
@article{osti_21587489,
title = {THE INTERACTION OF COSMIC RAYS WITH DIFFUSE CLOUDS},
author = {Everett, John E. and Zweibel, Ellen G., E-mail: everett@physics.wisc.edu},
abstractNote = {We study the change in cosmic-ray pressure, the change in cosmic-ray density, and the level of cosmic-ray-induced heating via Alfven-wave damping when cosmic rays move from a hot ionized plasma to a cool cloud embedded in that plasma. The general analysis method outlined here can apply to diffuse clouds in either the ionized interstellar medium or in galactic winds. We introduce a general-purpose model of cosmic-ray diffusion building upon the hydrodynamic approximation for cosmic rays (from McKenzie and Voelk and Breitschwerdt and collaborators). Our improved method self-consistently derives the cosmic-ray flux and diffusivity under the assumption that the streaming instability is the dominant mechanism for setting the cosmic-ray flux and diffusion. We find that, as expected, cosmic rays do not couple to gas within cool clouds (cosmic rays exert no forces inside of cool clouds), that the cosmic-ray density does not increase within clouds (it may decrease slightly in general, and decrease by an order of magnitude in some cases), and that cosmic-ray heating (via Alfven-wave damping and not collisional effects as for {approx}10 MeV cosmic rays) is only important under the conditions of relatively strong (10 {mu}G) magnetic fields or high cosmic-ray pressure ({approx}10{sup -11} erg cm{sup -3}).},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/60; COUNTRY OF INPUT: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA)},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 739,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Sat Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}