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Title: THE PHOTOEVAPORATIVE WIND FROM THE DISK OF TW Hya

Abstract

Photoevaporation driven by the central star is expected to be a ubiquitous and important mechanism for dispersing the circumstellar dust and gas from which planets form. Here, we present a detailed study of the circumstellar disk surrounding the nearby star TW Hya and provide observational constraints to its photoevaporative wind. Our new high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000) mid-infrared spectroscopy in the [Ne II] 12.81 {mu}m line confirms that this gas diagnostic traces the unbound wind component within 10 AU of the star. From the blueshift and asymmetry in the line profile, we estimate that most (>80%) of the [Ne II] emission arises from disk radii where the midplane is optically thick to the redshifted outflowing gas, meaning beyond the 1 or 4 AU dust rim inferred from other observations. We re-analyze high-resolution (R {approx} 48,000) archival optical spectra searching for additional transitions that may trace the photoevaporative flow. Unlike the [Ne II] line, optical forbidden lines from O I, S II, and Mg I are centered at stellar velocity and have symmetric profiles. The only way these lines can trace the photoevaporative flow is if they arise from a disk region physically distinct from that traced by the [Ne II] line,more » specifically from within the optically thin dust gap. However, the small ({approx}10 km s{sup -1}) FWHM of these lines suggests that most of the emitting gas traced at optical wavelengths is bound to the system rather than unbound. We discuss the implications of our results for a planet-induced gap versus a photoevaporation-induced gap.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ;  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]
  1. Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
  2. European Southern Observatory, Santiago 19 (Chile)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)
  4. Departamento de Fisica-ICEx-UFMG, 30270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)
  5. SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States)
  6. Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom)
  7. The Faculty of Physics, University Observatory Munich, D-81679, Munich (Germany)
  8. Astronomy Department, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21578346
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 736; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/13; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; EMISSION; INFRARED SPECTRA; PROTOPLANETS; STARS; STELLAR WINDS; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; STELLAR ACTIVITY

Citation Formats

Pascucci, I., Sterzik, M., Alexander, R. D., Alencar, S. H. P., Gorti, U., Hollenbach, D., Owen, J., Ercolano, B., and Edwards, S., E-mail: pascucci@lpl.arizona.edu. THE PHOTOEVAPORATIVE WIND FROM THE DISK OF TW Hya. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/13.
Pascucci, I., Sterzik, M., Alexander, R. D., Alencar, S. H. P., Gorti, U., Hollenbach, D., Owen, J., Ercolano, B., & Edwards, S., E-mail: pascucci@lpl.arizona.edu. THE PHOTOEVAPORATIVE WIND FROM THE DISK OF TW Hya. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/13.
Pascucci, I., Sterzik, M., Alexander, R. D., Alencar, S. H. P., Gorti, U., Hollenbach, D., Owen, J., Ercolano, B., and Edwards, S., E-mail: pascucci@lpl.arizona.edu. Wed . "THE PHOTOEVAPORATIVE WIND FROM THE DISK OF TW Hya". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/13.
@article{osti_21578346,
title = {THE PHOTOEVAPORATIVE WIND FROM THE DISK OF TW Hya},
author = {Pascucci, I. and Sterzik, M. and Alexander, R. D. and Alencar, S. H. P. and Gorti, U. and Hollenbach, D. and Owen, J. and Ercolano, B. and Edwards, S., E-mail: pascucci@lpl.arizona.edu},
abstractNote = {Photoevaporation driven by the central star is expected to be a ubiquitous and important mechanism for dispersing the circumstellar dust and gas from which planets form. Here, we present a detailed study of the circumstellar disk surrounding the nearby star TW Hya and provide observational constraints to its photoevaporative wind. Our new high-resolution (R {approx} 30,000) mid-infrared spectroscopy in the [Ne II] 12.81 {mu}m line confirms that this gas diagnostic traces the unbound wind component within 10 AU of the star. From the blueshift and asymmetry in the line profile, we estimate that most (>80%) of the [Ne II] emission arises from disk radii where the midplane is optically thick to the redshifted outflowing gas, meaning beyond the 1 or 4 AU dust rim inferred from other observations. We re-analyze high-resolution (R {approx} 48,000) archival optical spectra searching for additional transitions that may trace the photoevaporative flow. Unlike the [Ne II] line, optical forbidden lines from O I, S II, and Mg I are centered at stellar velocity and have symmetric profiles. The only way these lines can trace the photoevaporative flow is if they arise from a disk region physically distinct from that traced by the [Ne II] line, specifically from within the optically thin dust gap. However, the small ({approx}10 km s{sup -1}) FWHM of these lines suggests that most of the emitting gas traced at optical wavelengths is bound to the system rather than unbound. We discuss the implications of our results for a planet-induced gap versus a photoevaporation-induced gap.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/13},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 736,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {7}
}