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Title: THE FIRST LIMITS ON THE ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO FLUENCE FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

Abstract

We set the first limits on the ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrino fluence at energies greater than 10{sup 9} GeV from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) based on data from the second flight of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA). During the 31 day flight of ANITA-II, 26 GRBs were recorded by Swift or Fermi. Of these, we analyzed the 12 GRBs which occurred during quiet periods when the payload was away from anthropogenic activity. In a blind analysis, we observe 0 events on a total background of 0.0044 events in the combined prompt window for all 12 low-background bursts. We also observe 0 events from the remaining 14 bursts. We place a 90% confidence level limit on the E{sup -4} prompt neutrino fluence between 10{sup 8} GeV < E < 10{sup 12} GeV of E{sup 4}{Phi} = 2.5 x 10{sup 17} GeV{sup 3} cm{sup -2} from GRB090107A. This is the first reported limit on the UHE neutrino fluence from GRBs above 10{sup 9} GeV, and the strongest limit above 10{sup 8} GeV.

Authors:
;  [1]; ; ; ; ; ;  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]; ;  [5]; ;  [6]; ;  [7]; ; ;  [8]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London (United Kingdom)
  5. Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
  7. Department of Physics, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)
  8. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21578293
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 736; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/50; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COSMIC GAMMA BURSTS; COSMIC NEUTRINOS; NEUTRINO DETECTION; COSMIC RADIATION; DETECTION; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; FERMIONS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LEPTONS; MASSLESS PARTICLES; NEUTRINOS; PRIMARY COSMIC RADIATION; RADIATION DETECTION; RADIATIONS

Citation Formats

Vieregg, A. G., Belov, K., Palladino, K., Allison, P., Baughman, B. M., Beatty, J. J., Connolly, A., Grashorn, E. W., Besson, D. Z., Detrixhe, M., Bevan, S., Binns, W. R., Dowkontt, P. F., Chen, C., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., De Marco, D., DuVernois, M., Gorham, P. W., and Hill, B., E-mail: avieregg@cfa.harvard.edu. THE FIRST LIMITS ON THE ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO FLUENCE FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/50.
Vieregg, A. G., Belov, K., Palladino, K., Allison, P., Baughman, B. M., Beatty, J. J., Connolly, A., Grashorn, E. W., Besson, D. Z., Detrixhe, M., Bevan, S., Binns, W. R., Dowkontt, P. F., Chen, C., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., De Marco, D., DuVernois, M., Gorham, P. W., & Hill, B., E-mail: avieregg@cfa.harvard.edu. THE FIRST LIMITS ON THE ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO FLUENCE FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/50.
Vieregg, A. G., Belov, K., Palladino, K., Allison, P., Baughman, B. M., Beatty, J. J., Connolly, A., Grashorn, E. W., Besson, D. Z., Detrixhe, M., Bevan, S., Binns, W. R., Dowkontt, P. F., Chen, C., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., De Marco, D., DuVernois, M., Gorham, P. W., and Hill, B., E-mail: avieregg@cfa.harvard.edu. Wed . "THE FIRST LIMITS ON THE ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO FLUENCE FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/50.
@article{osti_21578293,
title = {THE FIRST LIMITS ON THE ULTRA-HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO FLUENCE FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS},
author = {Vieregg, A. G. and Belov, K. and Palladino, K. and Allison, P. and Baughman, B. M. and Beatty, J. J. and Connolly, A. and Grashorn, E. W. and Besson, D. Z. and Detrixhe, M. and Bevan, S. and Binns, W. R. and Dowkontt, P. F. and Chen, C. and Chen, P. and Clem, J. M. and De Marco, D. and DuVernois, M. and Gorham, P. W. and Hill, B., E-mail: avieregg@cfa.harvard.edu},
abstractNote = {We set the first limits on the ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrino fluence at energies greater than 10{sup 9} GeV from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) based on data from the second flight of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA). During the 31 day flight of ANITA-II, 26 GRBs were recorded by Swift or Fermi. Of these, we analyzed the 12 GRBs which occurred during quiet periods when the payload was away from anthropogenic activity. In a blind analysis, we observe 0 events on a total background of 0.0044 events in the combined prompt window for all 12 low-background bursts. We also observe 0 events from the remaining 14 bursts. We place a 90% confidence level limit on the E{sup -4} prompt neutrino fluence between 10{sup 8} GeV < E < 10{sup 12} GeV of E{sup 4}{Phi} = 2.5 x 10{sup 17} GeV{sup 3} cm{sup -2} from GRB090107A. This is the first reported limit on the UHE neutrino fluence from GRBs above 10{sup 9} GeV, and the strongest limit above 10{sup 8} GeV.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/50},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 736,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {7}
}