# LONG-WAVELENGTH UNSTABLE MODES IN THE FAR UPSTREAM OF RELATIVISTIC COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS

## Abstract

The growth rate of long-wavelength kinetic instabilities arising due to the interaction of a collimated beam of relativistic particles and a cold unmagnetized plasma are calculated in the ultrarelativistic limit. For sufficiently culminated beams, all long-wavelength modes are shown to be Weibel-unstable, and a simple analytic expression for their growth rate is derived. For large transverse velocity spreads, these modes become stable. An analytic condition for stability is given. These analytic results, which generalize earlier ones given in the literature, are shown to be in agreement with numerical solutions of the dispersion equation and with the results of novel particle in cell simulations in which the electromagnetic fields are restricted to a given k-mode. The results may describe the interaction of energetic cosmic rays, propagating into the far upstream of a relativistic collisionless shock, with a cold unmagnetized upstream. The long-wavelength modes considered may be efficient in deflecting particles and could be important for diffusive shock acceleration. It is shown that while these modes grow in relativistic shocks propagating into electron-positron pair plasmas, they are damped in relativistic shocks propagating into electron-proton plasmas with moderate Lorenz factors {Gamma}{sub sh} {approx}< (m{sub p} /m{sub e}){sup 1/2}. If these modes dominate themore »

- Authors:

- Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 21578226

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Astrophysical Journal

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 736; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/157; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; COSMIC RADIATION; INSTABILITY GROWTH RATES; PARTICLE BEAMS; SHOCK WAVES; BEAMS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; RADIATIONS

### Citation Formats

```
Rabinak, Itay, Katz, Boaz, and Waxman, Eli, E-mail: itay.rabinak@weizmann.ac.il.
```*LONG-WAVELENGTH UNSTABLE MODES IN THE FAR UPSTREAM OF RELATIVISTIC COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS*. United States: N. p., 2011.
Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/157.

```
Rabinak, Itay, Katz, Boaz, & Waxman, Eli, E-mail: itay.rabinak@weizmann.ac.il.
```*LONG-WAVELENGTH UNSTABLE MODES IN THE FAR UPSTREAM OF RELATIVISTIC COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS*. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/157.

```
Rabinak, Itay, Katz, Boaz, and Waxman, Eli, E-mail: itay.rabinak@weizmann.ac.il. Mon .
"LONG-WAVELENGTH UNSTABLE MODES IN THE FAR UPSTREAM OF RELATIVISTIC COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/157.
```

```
@article{osti_21578226,
```

title = {LONG-WAVELENGTH UNSTABLE MODES IN THE FAR UPSTREAM OF RELATIVISTIC COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS},

author = {Rabinak, Itay and Katz, Boaz and Waxman, Eli, E-mail: itay.rabinak@weizmann.ac.il},

abstractNote = {The growth rate of long-wavelength kinetic instabilities arising due to the interaction of a collimated beam of relativistic particles and a cold unmagnetized plasma are calculated in the ultrarelativistic limit. For sufficiently culminated beams, all long-wavelength modes are shown to be Weibel-unstable, and a simple analytic expression for their growth rate is derived. For large transverse velocity spreads, these modes become stable. An analytic condition for stability is given. These analytic results, which generalize earlier ones given in the literature, are shown to be in agreement with numerical solutions of the dispersion equation and with the results of novel particle in cell simulations in which the electromagnetic fields are restricted to a given k-mode. The results may describe the interaction of energetic cosmic rays, propagating into the far upstream of a relativistic collisionless shock, with a cold unmagnetized upstream. The long-wavelength modes considered may be efficient in deflecting particles and could be important for diffusive shock acceleration. It is shown that while these modes grow in relativistic shocks propagating into electron-positron pair plasmas, they are damped in relativistic shocks propagating into electron-proton plasmas with moderate Lorenz factors {Gamma}{sub sh} {approx}< (m{sub p} /m{sub e}){sup 1/2}. If these modes dominate the deflection of energetic cosmic rays in electron-positron shocks, it is argued that particle acceleration is suppressed at shock frame energies that are larger than the downstream thermal energy by a factor of {approx}> {Gamma}{sub sh}.},

doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/736/2/157},

journal = {Astrophysical Journal},

issn = {0004-637X},

number = 2,

volume = 736,

place = {United States},

year = {2011},

month = {8}

}