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Title: Effect of monomer sequences on conformations of copolymers grafted on spherical nanoparticles: A Monte Carlo simulation study

Abstract

Functionalizing nanoparticles with organic ligands, such as oligomers, polymers, DNA, and proteins, is an attractive way to manipulate the interfacial interactions between the nanoparticles and the medium the particles are placed in, and thus control the nanoparticle assembly. In this paper we have conducted a Monte Carlo simulation study on copolymer grafted spherical nanoparticles to show the tremendous potential of using monomer sequence on the copolymers to tune the grafted chain conformation, and thus the effective interactions between copolymer grafted nanoparticles. We have studied AB copolymers with alternating, multiblock, or diblock sequences, where either A monomers or B monomers have monomer-monomer attractive interactions. Our focus has been to show the nontrivial effect of monomer sequence on the conformations of the grafted copolymers at various particle diameters, grafting densities, copolymer chain lengths, and monomer-monomer interactions in an implicit small molecule solvent. We observe that the monomer sequence, particle diameter, and grafting density dictate whether (a) the grafted chains aggregate to bring attractive monomers from multiple grafted chains together (interchain and intrachain monomer aggregation) if the enthalpy gained by doing so offsets the entropic loss caused by stretching of chains, or (b) each grafted chain folds onto itself to bring its attractivemore » monomers together (only intrachain monomer aggregation) if the entropic loss from interchain aggregation cannot be overcome by the enthalpic gain. For six copolymers of chain length N=24 grafted on a spherical particle of diameter D=4, interchain and intrachain monomer aggregation occurs, and the radius of gyration varies nonmonotonically with increasing blockiness of the monomer sequence. At larger particle diameters the grafted chains transition to purely intrachain monomer aggregation. The radius of gyration varies monotonically with monomer sequence for intrachain monomer aggregation because as the sequence becomes blockier (like monomers are grouped together), the copolymer chain has to fold less compactly to maximize the enthalpically favorable contacts while maintaining high conformational entropy. The radius of gyration of alternating and diblock copolymers scales with chain length N through a power law <R{sub g}{sup 2}>{sup 1/2}={alpha}N{sup {nu}} with the prefactor {alpha} and scaling exponent {nu}, varying with monomer sequence and monomer-monomer attraction strength.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Colorado, UCB 424, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21559858
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 132; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.3385469; (c) 2010 American Institute of Physics; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AGGLOMERATION; CHAINS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CONTROL; COPOLYMERS; DNA; ENTHALPY; ENTROPY; INTERACTIONS; LIGANDS; MOLECULES; MONOMERS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; SOLVENTS; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; CALCULATION METHODS; CONFIGURATION; NUCLEIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; POLYMERS; SIMULATION; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES

Citation Formats

Seifpour, Arezou, Spicer, Philip, Nair, Nitish, and Jayaraman, Arthi. Effect of monomer sequences on conformations of copolymers grafted on spherical nanoparticles: A Monte Carlo simulation study. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3385469.
Seifpour, Arezou, Spicer, Philip, Nair, Nitish, & Jayaraman, Arthi. Effect of monomer sequences on conformations of copolymers grafted on spherical nanoparticles: A Monte Carlo simulation study. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3385469
Seifpour, Arezou, Spicer, Philip, Nair, Nitish, and Jayaraman, Arthi. 2010. "Effect of monomer sequences on conformations of copolymers grafted on spherical nanoparticles: A Monte Carlo simulation study". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3385469.
@article{osti_21559858,
title = {Effect of monomer sequences on conformations of copolymers grafted on spherical nanoparticles: A Monte Carlo simulation study},
author = {Seifpour, Arezou and Spicer, Philip and Nair, Nitish and Jayaraman, Arthi},
abstractNote = {Functionalizing nanoparticles with organic ligands, such as oligomers, polymers, DNA, and proteins, is an attractive way to manipulate the interfacial interactions between the nanoparticles and the medium the particles are placed in, and thus control the nanoparticle assembly. In this paper we have conducted a Monte Carlo simulation study on copolymer grafted spherical nanoparticles to show the tremendous potential of using monomer sequence on the copolymers to tune the grafted chain conformation, and thus the effective interactions between copolymer grafted nanoparticles. We have studied AB copolymers with alternating, multiblock, or diblock sequences, where either A monomers or B monomers have monomer-monomer attractive interactions. Our focus has been to show the nontrivial effect of monomer sequence on the conformations of the grafted copolymers at various particle diameters, grafting densities, copolymer chain lengths, and monomer-monomer interactions in an implicit small molecule solvent. We observe that the monomer sequence, particle diameter, and grafting density dictate whether (a) the grafted chains aggregate to bring attractive monomers from multiple grafted chains together (interchain and intrachain monomer aggregation) if the enthalpy gained by doing so offsets the entropic loss caused by stretching of chains, or (b) each grafted chain folds onto itself to bring its attractive monomers together (only intrachain monomer aggregation) if the entropic loss from interchain aggregation cannot be overcome by the enthalpic gain. For six copolymers of chain length N=24 grafted on a spherical particle of diameter D=4, interchain and intrachain monomer aggregation occurs, and the radius of gyration varies nonmonotonically with increasing blockiness of the monomer sequence. At larger particle diameters the grafted chains transition to purely intrachain monomer aggregation. The radius of gyration varies monotonically with monomer sequence for intrachain monomer aggregation because as the sequence becomes blockier (like monomers are grouped together), the copolymer chain has to fold less compactly to maximize the enthalpically favorable contacts while maintaining high conformational entropy. The radius of gyration of alternating and diblock copolymers scales with chain length N through a power law <R{sub g}{sup 2}>{sup 1/2}={alpha}N{sup {nu}} with the prefactor {alpha} and scaling exponent {nu}, varying with monomer sequence and monomer-monomer attraction strength.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3385469},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21559858}, journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
issn = {0021-9606},
number = 16,
volume = 132,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {4}
}