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Title: Relativistic generation of vortex and magnetic field

Abstract

The implications of the recently demonstrated relativistic mechanism for generating generalized vorticity in purely ideal dynamics [Mahajan and Yoshida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 095005 (2010)] are worked out. The said mechanism has its origin in the space-time distortion caused by the demands of special relativity; these distortions break the topological constraint (conservation of generalized helicity) forbidding the emergence of magnetic field (a generalized vorticity) in an ideal nonrelativistic dynamics. After delineating the steps in the ''evolution'' of vortex dynamics, as the physical system goes from a nonrelativistic to a relativistically fast and hot plasma, a simple theory is developed to disentangle the two distinct components comprising the generalized vorticity--the magnetic field and the thermal-kinetic vorticity. The ''strength'' of the new universal mechanism is, then, estimated for a few representative cases; in particular, the level of seed fields, created in the cosmic setting of the early hot universe filled with relativistic particle-antiparticle pairs (up to the end of the electron-positron era), are computed. Possible applications of the mechanism in intense laser produced plasmas are also explored. It is suggested that highly relativistic laser plasma could provide a laboratory for testing the essence of the relativistic drive.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
  2. Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21537851
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.3566081; (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; LASER-PRODUCED PLASMA; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; RELATIVISTIC PLASMA; SPACE-TIME; VORTICES; FLUID MECHANICS; HYDRODYNAMICS; MECHANICS; PLASMA

Citation Formats

Mahajan, S. M., and Yoshida, Z.. Relativistic generation of vortex and magnetic field. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3566081.
Mahajan, S. M., & Yoshida, Z.. Relativistic generation of vortex and magnetic field. United States. doi:10.1063/1.3566081.
Mahajan, S. M., and Yoshida, Z.. 2011. "Relativistic generation of vortex and magnetic field". United States. doi:10.1063/1.3566081.
@article{osti_21537851,
title = {Relativistic generation of vortex and magnetic field},
author = {Mahajan, S. M. and Yoshida, Z.},
abstractNote = {The implications of the recently demonstrated relativistic mechanism for generating generalized vorticity in purely ideal dynamics [Mahajan and Yoshida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 095005 (2010)] are worked out. The said mechanism has its origin in the space-time distortion caused by the demands of special relativity; these distortions break the topological constraint (conservation of generalized helicity) forbidding the emergence of magnetic field (a generalized vorticity) in an ideal nonrelativistic dynamics. After delineating the steps in the ''evolution'' of vortex dynamics, as the physical system goes from a nonrelativistic to a relativistically fast and hot plasma, a simple theory is developed to disentangle the two distinct components comprising the generalized vorticity--the magnetic field and the thermal-kinetic vorticity. The ''strength'' of the new universal mechanism is, then, estimated for a few representative cases; in particular, the level of seed fields, created in the cosmic setting of the early hot universe filled with relativistic particle-antiparticle pairs (up to the end of the electron-positron era), are computed. Possible applications of the mechanism in intense laser produced plasmas are also explored. It is suggested that highly relativistic laser plasma could provide a laboratory for testing the essence of the relativistic drive.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3566081},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = 2011,
month = 5
}
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