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Title: Differing forms, differing purposes: A typology of health impact assessment

Abstract

There is currently considerable diversity in health impact assessment (HIA) practice internationally. Historically this diversity has been described as simple dichotomies, for example the differences between HIAs of projects and policies. However these distinctions have failed to adequately describe the differences that can be observed between different forms of HIAs. This paper describes the three historical and disciplinary fields from which HIA has emerged - environmental health, a social view of health, and health equity. It also puts forward a typology of four different forms of HIA that can be observed in current HIA practice: mandated, decision-support, advocacy, and community-led HIAs. This paper argues that these different forms of HIA serve different purposes and are not necessarily in competition; rather they allow HIA to be responsive to a range of population health concerns and purposes.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21499699
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2010.03.003; PII: S0195-9255(10)00054-5; Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Journal ID: ISSN 0195-9255
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; COMMUNITIES; DECISION MAKING; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; HEALTH HAZARDS; POPULATIONS; PUBLIC HEALTH; PUBLIC POLICY; DOCUMENT TYPES; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; HAZARDS

Citation Formats

Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: b.harris-roxas@unsw.edu.au, and Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.a. Differing forms, differing purposes: A typology of health impact assessment. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2010.03.003.
Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: b.harris-roxas@unsw.edu.au, & Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.a. Differing forms, differing purposes: A typology of health impact assessment. United States. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2010.03.003.
Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: b.harris-roxas@unsw.edu.au, and Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.a. Fri . "Differing forms, differing purposes: A typology of health impact assessment". United States. doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2010.03.003.
@article{osti_21499699,
title = {Differing forms, differing purposes: A typology of health impact assessment},
author = {Harris-Roxas, Ben, E-mail: b.harris-roxas@unsw.edu.au and Harris, Elizabeth, E-mail: e.harris@unsw.edu.a},
abstractNote = {There is currently considerable diversity in health impact assessment (HIA) practice internationally. Historically this diversity has been described as simple dichotomies, for example the differences between HIAs of projects and policies. However these distinctions have failed to adequately describe the differences that can be observed between different forms of HIAs. This paper describes the three historical and disciplinary fields from which HIA has emerged - environmental health, a social view of health, and health equity. It also puts forward a typology of four different forms of HIA that can be observed in current HIA practice: mandated, decision-support, advocacy, and community-led HIAs. This paper argues that these different forms of HIA serve different purposes and are not necessarily in competition; rather they allow HIA to be responsive to a range of population health concerns and purposes.},
doi = {10.1016/j.eiar.2010.03.003},
journal = {Environmental Impact Assessment Review},
issn = {0195-9255},
number = 4,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {7}
}