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Title: Intense 1.54 {mu}m fluorescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass and the three-photon phenomenon of near infrared upconversion luminescence

Abstract

Transparent P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-CaO-Na{sub 2}O glasses codoped with Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions were fabricated by high-temperature melting technique. Strong near infrared and visible upconversion luminescence were observed under 975 nm laser diode excitation, and the luminescence processes were explained in details. For 1.54 {mu}m band, the calculated peak emission cross sections is 1.04x10{sup -20} cm{sup 2}, and it is better than that in germinate, tellurite, silicate, and other phosphate glasses. The near infrared upconversion emission around 828 nm contains two-photon and three-photon processes, and it is attributed to the transition {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 4}I{sub 13/2}, which enhances the population of the upper level for 1.54 {mu}m laser emission and reduces the energy loss due to upconversion. Efficient near infrared fluorescence indicates Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass is a promising laser and amplifier material.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Photonics Center, College of Physical Science, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21476121
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.3294611; (c) 2010 American Institute of Physics; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCIUM OXIDES; CROSS SECTIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; ENERGY LOSSES; ERBIUM IONS; EXCITATION; FLUORESCENCE; MELTING; MULTI-PHOTON PROCESSES; PHOSPHATE GLASS; PHOSPHORUS OXIDES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PHOTONS; SILICATES; SODIUM OXIDES; YTTERBIUM IONS; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; BOSONS; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHARGED PARTICLES; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; EMISSION; ENERGY-LEVEL TRANSITIONS; GLASS; IONS; LOSSES; LUMINESCENCE; MASSLESS PARTICLES; MATERIALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; PHOTON EMISSION; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SODIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Lanjun, Luo, Feng, Song, Xiaochen, Yu, Wentao, Wang, Chengguo, Ming, Lin, Han, Yin, Yu, Hao, Wu, Jianguo, Tian, and Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457. Intense 1.54 {mu}m fluorescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass and the three-photon phenomenon of near infrared upconversion luminescence. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3294611.
Lanjun, Luo, Feng, Song, Xiaochen, Yu, Wentao, Wang, Chengguo, Ming, Lin, Han, Yin, Yu, Hao, Wu, Jianguo, Tian, & Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457. Intense 1.54 {mu}m fluorescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass and the three-photon phenomenon of near infrared upconversion luminescence. United States. doi:10.1063/1.3294611.
Lanjun, Luo, Feng, Song, Xiaochen, Yu, Wentao, Wang, Chengguo, Ming, Lin, Han, Yin, Yu, Hao, Wu, Jianguo, Tian, and Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457. Mon . "Intense 1.54 {mu}m fluorescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass and the three-photon phenomenon of near infrared upconversion luminescence". United States. doi:10.1063/1.3294611.
@article{osti_21476121,
title = {Intense 1.54 {mu}m fluorescence of Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass and the three-photon phenomenon of near infrared upconversion luminescence},
author = {Lanjun, Luo and Feng, Song and Xiaochen, Yu and Wentao, Wang and Chengguo, Ming and Lin, Han and Yin, Yu and Hao, Wu and Jianguo, Tian and Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457},
abstractNote = {Transparent P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-CaO-Na{sub 2}O glasses codoped with Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions were fabricated by high-temperature melting technique. Strong near infrared and visible upconversion luminescence were observed under 975 nm laser diode excitation, and the luminescence processes were explained in details. For 1.54 {mu}m band, the calculated peak emission cross sections is 1.04x10{sup -20} cm{sup 2}, and it is better than that in germinate, tellurite, silicate, and other phosphate glasses. The near infrared upconversion emission around 828 nm contains two-photon and three-photon processes, and it is attributed to the transition {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 4}I{sub 13/2}, which enhances the population of the upper level for 1.54 {mu}m laser emission and reduces the energy loss due to upconversion. Efficient near infrared fluorescence indicates Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} codoped phosphate glass is a promising laser and amplifier material.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3294611},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 3,
volume = 107,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {2}
}