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Title: SPECTRAL MAPPING OF THE INTERMEDIATE POLAR DQ HERCULIS

Abstract

We report an eclipse-mapping study of the intermediate polar DQ Her based on time-resolved optical spectroscopy ({Delta}{lambda} {approx} 3800-5000 A) covering four eclipses. The spectra were sliced into 295 narrow passbands in the continuum and in the lines, and the corresponding light curves were analyzed to solve for a set of monochromatic maps of the disk brightness distribution and for the flux of an additional uneclipsed component in each band. Eclipse maps of the He II {lambda}4686 line indicate that an azimuthally and vertically extended bright spot at disk rim is an important source of the reprocessing of X-rays from the magnetic poles. The disk spectrum is flat with no Balmer or Helium lines in the inner regions, and shows double-peaked emission lines in the intermediate and outer disk regions, while the slope of the continuum becomes progressively redder with increasing radius. The inferred disk temperatures are in the range T {approx_equal} 13500-5000 K and can be reasonably well described by a steady-state disk with mass accretion rate of M-dot =(2.7{+-}1.0)x10{sup -9} M{sub sun} yr{sup -1}. A comparison of the radial intensity distribution for the Balmer lines reveals a linear correlation between the slope of the distribution and the transitionmore » energy. The spectrum of the uneclipsed light is dominated by Balmer and He I lines in emission (probably from the extended nova shell) with narrow absorption cores (likely from a collimated and optically thick wind from the accretion disk). The observed narrow and redshifted Ca II {lambda}3934 absorption line in the total light spectra plus the inverse P-Cygni profiles of the Balmer and He II {lambda}4686 emission lines in spectra of the asymmetric component indicate radial inflow of gas in the innermost disk regions and are best explained in terms of magnetically controlled accretion inside the white dwarf magnetosphere. We infer projected radial inflow velocities of {approx}200-500 km s{sup -1}, significantly lower than both the rotational and the free-fall velocities for the corresponding range of radii. A combined net emission He II plus H{beta} low-velocity eclipse map reveals a twisted dipole emitting pattern near disk center. This is interpreted as being the projection of accretion curtains onto the orbital plane at two specific spin phases, as a consequence of the selection in velocity provided by the spectral eclipse mapping.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Departamento de AstronomIa y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile)
  2. Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Trindade, 88040-900 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil)
  3. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  4. University of Wisconsin Center-Marinette, 750 W. Bay Shore Street, Marinette, WI 54143 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21443068
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2542; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-3881
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ACCRETION DISKS; ASYMMETRY; BALMER LINES; BRIGHTNESS; ECLIPSE; EMISSION; HELIUM; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; NOVAE; SPECTRA; STEADY-STATE CONDITIONS; TIME RESOLUTION; VELOCITY; VISIBLE RADIATION; WHITE DWARF STARS; X RADIATION; BINARY STARS; DWARF STARS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; ELEMENTS; ERUPTIVE VARIABLE STARS; FLUIDS; GASES; IONIZING RADIATIONS; NONMETALS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; RADIATIONS; RARE GASES; RESOLUTION; SORPTION; STARS; TIMING PROPERTIES; VARIABLE STARS

Citation Formats

Saito, R K, Baptista, R, Horne, K, and Martell, P. SPECTRAL MAPPING OF THE INTERMEDIATE POLAR DQ HERCULIS. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2542.
Saito, R K, Baptista, R, Horne, K, & Martell, P. SPECTRAL MAPPING OF THE INTERMEDIATE POLAR DQ HERCULIS. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2542.
Saito, R K, Baptista, R, Horne, K, and Martell, P. Tue . "SPECTRAL MAPPING OF THE INTERMEDIATE POLAR DQ HERCULIS". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2542.
@article{osti_21443068,
title = {SPECTRAL MAPPING OF THE INTERMEDIATE POLAR DQ HERCULIS},
author = {Saito, R K and Baptista, R and Horne, K and Martell, P},
abstractNote = {We report an eclipse-mapping study of the intermediate polar DQ Her based on time-resolved optical spectroscopy ({Delta}{lambda} {approx} 3800-5000 A) covering four eclipses. The spectra were sliced into 295 narrow passbands in the continuum and in the lines, and the corresponding light curves were analyzed to solve for a set of monochromatic maps of the disk brightness distribution and for the flux of an additional uneclipsed component in each band. Eclipse maps of the He II {lambda}4686 line indicate that an azimuthally and vertically extended bright spot at disk rim is an important source of the reprocessing of X-rays from the magnetic poles. The disk spectrum is flat with no Balmer or Helium lines in the inner regions, and shows double-peaked emission lines in the intermediate and outer disk regions, while the slope of the continuum becomes progressively redder with increasing radius. The inferred disk temperatures are in the range T {approx_equal} 13500-5000 K and can be reasonably well described by a steady-state disk with mass accretion rate of M-dot =(2.7{+-}1.0)x10{sup -9} M{sub sun} yr{sup -1}. A comparison of the radial intensity distribution for the Balmer lines reveals a linear correlation between the slope of the distribution and the transition energy. The spectrum of the uneclipsed light is dominated by Balmer and He I lines in emission (probably from the extended nova shell) with narrow absorption cores (likely from a collimated and optically thick wind from the accretion disk). The observed narrow and redshifted Ca II {lambda}3934 absorption line in the total light spectra plus the inverse P-Cygni profiles of the Balmer and He II {lambda}4686 emission lines in spectra of the asymmetric component indicate radial inflow of gas in the innermost disk regions and are best explained in terms of magnetically controlled accretion inside the white dwarf magnetosphere. We infer projected radial inflow velocities of {approx}200-500 km s{sup -1}, significantly lower than both the rotational and the free-fall velocities for the corresponding range of radii. A combined net emission He II plus H{beta} low-velocity eclipse map reveals a twisted dipole emitting pattern near disk center. This is interpreted as being the projection of accretion curtains onto the orbital plane at two specific spin phases, as a consequence of the selection in velocity provided by the spectral eclipse mapping.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-6256/139/6/2542},
journal = {Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online)},
issn = {1538-3881},
number = 6,
volume = 139,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {6}
}