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Title: Magnetic Bose glass phases of coupled antiferromagnetic dimers with site dilution

Abstract

We numerically investigate the phase diagram of two-dimensional site-diluted coupled dimer systems in an external magnetic field. We show that this phase diagram is characterized by the presence of an extended Bose glass, not accessible to mean-field approximation, and stemming from the localization of two distinct species of bosonic quasiparticles appearing in the ground state. On the one hand, nonmagnetic impurities doped into the dimer-singlet phase of a weakly coupled dimer system are known to free up local magnetic moments. The deviations of these local moments from full polarization along the field can be mapped onto a gas of bosonic quasiparticles, which undergo condensation in zero and very weak magnetic fields, corresponding to transverse long-range antiferromagnetic order. An increasing magnetic field lowers the density of such quasiparticles to a critical value at which a quantum phase transition occurs, corresponding to the quasiparticle localization on clusters of local magnets (dimers, trimers, etc.) and to the onset of a Bose glass. Strong finite-size quantum fluctuations hinder further depletion of quasiparticles from such clusters, and thus lead to the appearance of pseudoplateaus in the magnetization curve of the system. On the other hand, site dilution hinders the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation of triplet quasiparticlesmore » on the intact dimers, and it introduces instead a Bose glass of triplets. A thorough numerical investigation of the phase diagram for a planar system of coupled dimers shows that the two above-mentioned Bose glass phases are continuously connected, and they overlap in a finite region of parameter space, thus featuring a two-species Bose glass. The quantum phase transition from Bose glass to magnetically ordered phases in two dimensions is marked by novel universal exponents (z{approx_equal}2, {beta}{approx_equal}0.9, and {nu}{approx_equal}1). Hence we conclude that doped quantum antiferromagnets in a field represent an ideal setting for the study of fundamental dirty-boson physics.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)
  2. School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)
  4. Laboratoire de Physique, CNRS UMR 5672, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Universite de Lyon, 46 Allee d'Italie, Lyon, F-69364 (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21421444
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 82; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.134437; (c) 2010 The American Physical Society; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; APPROXIMATIONS; BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION; BOSONS; DILUTION; DIMERS; DOPED MATERIALS; FLUCTUATIONS; GLASS; GROUND STATES; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIZATION; MAGNETS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; PHASE DIAGRAMS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLARIZATION; QUASI PARTICLES; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; CALCULATION METHODS; DIAGRAMS; ENERGY LEVELS; EQUIPMENT; INFORMATION; MAGNETISM; MATERIALS; VARIATIONS

Citation Formats

Rong, Yu, Nohadani, Omid, Haas, Stephan, and Roscilde, Tommaso. Magnetic Bose glass phases of coupled antiferromagnetic dimers with site dilution. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.82.134437.
Rong, Yu, Nohadani, Omid, Haas, Stephan, & Roscilde, Tommaso. Magnetic Bose glass phases of coupled antiferromagnetic dimers with site dilution. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVB.82.134437
Rong, Yu, Nohadani, Omid, Haas, Stephan, and Roscilde, Tommaso. Fri . "Magnetic Bose glass phases of coupled antiferromagnetic dimers with site dilution". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVB.82.134437.
@article{osti_21421444,
title = {Magnetic Bose glass phases of coupled antiferromagnetic dimers with site dilution},
author = {Rong, Yu and Nohadani, Omid and Haas, Stephan and Roscilde, Tommaso},
abstractNote = {We numerically investigate the phase diagram of two-dimensional site-diluted coupled dimer systems in an external magnetic field. We show that this phase diagram is characterized by the presence of an extended Bose glass, not accessible to mean-field approximation, and stemming from the localization of two distinct species of bosonic quasiparticles appearing in the ground state. On the one hand, nonmagnetic impurities doped into the dimer-singlet phase of a weakly coupled dimer system are known to free up local magnetic moments. The deviations of these local moments from full polarization along the field can be mapped onto a gas of bosonic quasiparticles, which undergo condensation in zero and very weak magnetic fields, corresponding to transverse long-range antiferromagnetic order. An increasing magnetic field lowers the density of such quasiparticles to a critical value at which a quantum phase transition occurs, corresponding to the quasiparticle localization on clusters of local magnets (dimers, trimers, etc.) and to the onset of a Bose glass. Strong finite-size quantum fluctuations hinder further depletion of quasiparticles from such clusters, and thus lead to the appearance of pseudoplateaus in the magnetization curve of the system. On the other hand, site dilution hinders the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation of triplet quasiparticles on the intact dimers, and it introduces instead a Bose glass of triplets. A thorough numerical investigation of the phase diagram for a planar system of coupled dimers shows that the two above-mentioned Bose glass phases are continuously connected, and they overlap in a finite region of parameter space, thus featuring a two-species Bose glass. The quantum phase transition from Bose glass to magnetically ordered phases in two dimensions is marked by novel universal exponents (z{approx_equal}2, {beta}{approx_equal}0.9, and {nu}{approx_equal}1). Hence we conclude that doped quantum antiferromagnets in a field represent an ideal setting for the study of fundamental dirty-boson physics.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVB.82.134437},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21421444}, journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {1098-0121},
number = 13,
volume = 82,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {10}
}