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Title: Binary black hole merger in the extreme-mass-ratio limit: A multipolar analysis

Abstract

Building up on previous work, we present a new calculation of the gravitational wave emission generated during the transition from quasicircular inspiral to plunge, merger, and ringdown by a binary system of nonspinning black holes, of masses m{sub 1} and m{sub 2}, in the extreme mass ratio limit, m{sub 1}m{sub 2}<<(m{sub 1}+m{sub 2}){sup 2}. The relative dynamics of the system is computed without making any adiabatic approximation by using an effective one body (EOB) description, namely, by representing the binary by an effective particle of mass {mu}=m{sub 1}m{sub 2}/(m{sub 1}+m{sub 2}) moving in a (quasi-)Schwarzschild background of mass M=m{sub 1}+m{sub 2} and submitted to an O({nu}) 5PN-resummed analytical radiation reaction force, with {nu}={mu}/M. The gravitational wave emission is calculated via a multipolar Regge-Wheeler-Zerilli-type perturbative approach (valid in the limit {nu}<<1). We consider three mass ratios, {nu}={l_brace}10{sup -2},10{sup -3},10{sup -4{r_brace}}, and we compute the multipolar waveform up to l=8. We estimate energy and angular momentum losses during the quasiuniversal and quasigeodesic part of the plunge phase and we analyze the structure of the ringdown. We calculate the gravitational recoil, or 'kick', imparted to the merger remnant by the gravitational wave emission and we emphasize the importance of higher multipoles to getmore » a final value of the recoil v/(c{nu}{sup 2})=0.0446. We finally show that there is an excellent fractional agreement ({approx}10{sup -3}) (even during the plunge) between the 5PN EOB analytically resummed radiation reaction flux and the numerically computed gravitational wave angular momentum flux. This is a further confirmation of the aptitude of the EOB formalism to accurately model extreme-mass-ratio inspirals, as needed for the future space-based LISA gravitational wave detector.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Jena, 07743 Jena (Germany)
  2. Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, 91440 Bures-sur-Yvette (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21413437
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 81; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.81.084056; (c) 2010 The American Physical Society; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2821
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ADIABATIC APPROXIMATION; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; BLACK HOLES; COUPLING; EMISSION; GRAVITATIONAL WAVE DETECTORS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; MASS; MULTIPOLES; PARTICLES; SIMULATION; SPACE; WAVE FORMS; APPROXIMATIONS; CALCULATION METHODS; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; RADIATION DETECTORS

Citation Formats

Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, and Nagar, Alessandro. Binary black hole merger in the extreme-mass-ratio limit: A multipolar analysis. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.084056.
Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, & Nagar, Alessandro. Binary black hole merger in the extreme-mass-ratio limit: A multipolar analysis. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.084056
Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, and Nagar, Alessandro. Thu . "Binary black hole merger in the extreme-mass-ratio limit: A multipolar analysis". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.084056.
@article{osti_21413437,
title = {Binary black hole merger in the extreme-mass-ratio limit: A multipolar analysis},
author = {Bernuzzi, Sebastiano and Nagar, Alessandro},
abstractNote = {Building up on previous work, we present a new calculation of the gravitational wave emission generated during the transition from quasicircular inspiral to plunge, merger, and ringdown by a binary system of nonspinning black holes, of masses m{sub 1} and m{sub 2}, in the extreme mass ratio limit, m{sub 1}m{sub 2}<<(m{sub 1}+m{sub 2}){sup 2}. The relative dynamics of the system is computed without making any adiabatic approximation by using an effective one body (EOB) description, namely, by representing the binary by an effective particle of mass {mu}=m{sub 1}m{sub 2}/(m{sub 1}+m{sub 2}) moving in a (quasi-)Schwarzschild background of mass M=m{sub 1}+m{sub 2} and submitted to an O({nu}) 5PN-resummed analytical radiation reaction force, with {nu}={mu}/M. The gravitational wave emission is calculated via a multipolar Regge-Wheeler-Zerilli-type perturbative approach (valid in the limit {nu}<<1). We consider three mass ratios, {nu}={l_brace}10{sup -2},10{sup -3},10{sup -4{r_brace}}, and we compute the multipolar waveform up to l=8. We estimate energy and angular momentum losses during the quasiuniversal and quasigeodesic part of the plunge phase and we analyze the structure of the ringdown. We calculate the gravitational recoil, or 'kick', imparted to the merger remnant by the gravitational wave emission and we emphasize the importance of higher multipoles to get a final value of the recoil v/(c{nu}{sup 2})=0.0446. We finally show that there is an excellent fractional agreement ({approx}10{sup -3}) (even during the plunge) between the 5PN EOB analytically resummed radiation reaction flux and the numerically computed gravitational wave angular momentum flux. This is a further confirmation of the aptitude of the EOB formalism to accurately model extreme-mass-ratio inspirals, as needed for the future space-based LISA gravitational wave detector.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.084056},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21413437}, journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
issn = {0556-2821},
number = 8,
volume = 81,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {4}
}