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Title: Switching dynamics and ultrafast inversion control of quantum dots for on-chip optical information processing

Abstract

We demonstrate dynamical near-complete inversion switching of a two-level quantum dot driven by picosecond optical pulses in a bimodal photonic band gap (PBG) waveguide at microwatt power levels. This is enabled by a sharp steplike discontinuity in the local (electromagnetic) density of states (LDOS) provided by a cutoff in one of the two waveguide modes. The atomic Bloch vector equations in this colored vacuum are derived using dressed state description of the atomic density operator in the presence of phonon-mediated dephasing. Instead of assuming phenomenological decay rates, we derive explicit expressions for decay terms of bare state atomic dipole moments and population in the Born-Markov approximation from a master equation approach. Giant Mollow splitting of the atom level due to subwavelength light localization of strong driving pulse causes the time-dependent Mollow bands to straddle the LDOS jump, leading to different radiative decay rates in the upper and lower Mollow sidebands. This results in remarkable field-dependent spontaneous emission and dipolar dephasing rates, combined with a novel 'vacuum structure' term in the Bloch equations. Our Bloch equations predict ultrafast high-contrast inversion switching that is activated and deactivated by picosecond pulse trains detuned below and above the atomic resonance, respectively. This dynamic inversionmore » is due to the rapid rise in relaxation rates as the pulse amplitude rises, causing the Bloch vector to switch from antiparallel to parallel alignment with the pulse 'torque vector'. Subsequent near-complete inversion occurs through an adiabatic following process retained long after the pulse amplitude subsides and the system reverts to slow relaxation. For a 1% inhomogeneously broadened distribution of quantum dot with average of 100 D dipole moment, driven by 1.5 mum picosecond pulses and coupled to a cutoff mode LDOS jump with radiative emission rates of gamma{sub high}=2.5 THz and gamma{sub low}=5 GHz, a large average population switching contrast of 0.5 is demonstrated with a phonon dephasing rate gamma{sub p}=0.5 THz. A 1.6 fJ control pulse is required per switching operation and a 30 muW pulse train is sufficient to maintain the inversion. This switchable gain (loss) segment of the PBG waveguide can be used to controllably amplify (absorb) signal pulses conveying optical information. This provides a robust mechanism for ultrafast multiwavelength channel all-optical logic in PBG microchips.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2E4 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21352429
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 80; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.80.063810; (c) 2009 The American Physical Society; Journal ID: ISSN 1050-2947
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMPLITUDES; APPROXIMATIONS; BLOCH EQUATIONS; DIPOLE MOMENTS; EMISSION; GHZ RANGE; INFORMATION; MARKOV PROCESS; PHONONS; PULSES; QUANTUM DOTS; RADIATIVE DECAY; TIME DEPENDENCE; VECTORS; WAVEGUIDES; CALCULATION METHODS; DECAY; EQUATIONS; FREQUENCY RANGE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLE DECAY; QUASI PARTICLES; STOCHASTIC PROCESSES; TENSORS

Citation Formats

Xun, Ma, and John, Sajeev. Switching dynamics and ultrafast inversion control of quantum dots for on-chip optical information processing. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.80.063810.
Xun, Ma, & John, Sajeev. Switching dynamics and ultrafast inversion control of quantum dots for on-chip optical information processing. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.80.063810.
Xun, Ma, and John, Sajeev. Tue . "Switching dynamics and ultrafast inversion control of quantum dots for on-chip optical information processing". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.80.063810.
@article{osti_21352429,
title = {Switching dynamics and ultrafast inversion control of quantum dots for on-chip optical information processing},
author = {Xun, Ma and John, Sajeev},
abstractNote = {We demonstrate dynamical near-complete inversion switching of a two-level quantum dot driven by picosecond optical pulses in a bimodal photonic band gap (PBG) waveguide at microwatt power levels. This is enabled by a sharp steplike discontinuity in the local (electromagnetic) density of states (LDOS) provided by a cutoff in one of the two waveguide modes. The atomic Bloch vector equations in this colored vacuum are derived using dressed state description of the atomic density operator in the presence of phonon-mediated dephasing. Instead of assuming phenomenological decay rates, we derive explicit expressions for decay terms of bare state atomic dipole moments and population in the Born-Markov approximation from a master equation approach. Giant Mollow splitting of the atom level due to subwavelength light localization of strong driving pulse causes the time-dependent Mollow bands to straddle the LDOS jump, leading to different radiative decay rates in the upper and lower Mollow sidebands. This results in remarkable field-dependent spontaneous emission and dipolar dephasing rates, combined with a novel 'vacuum structure' term in the Bloch equations. Our Bloch equations predict ultrafast high-contrast inversion switching that is activated and deactivated by picosecond pulse trains detuned below and above the atomic resonance, respectively. This dynamic inversion is due to the rapid rise in relaxation rates as the pulse amplitude rises, causing the Bloch vector to switch from antiparallel to parallel alignment with the pulse 'torque vector'. Subsequent near-complete inversion occurs through an adiabatic following process retained long after the pulse amplitude subsides and the system reverts to slow relaxation. For a 1% inhomogeneously broadened distribution of quantum dot with average of 100 D dipole moment, driven by 1.5 mum picosecond pulses and coupled to a cutoff mode LDOS jump with radiative emission rates of gamma{sub high}=2.5 THz and gamma{sub low}=5 GHz, a large average population switching contrast of 0.5 is demonstrated with a phonon dephasing rate gamma{sub p}=0.5 THz. A 1.6 fJ control pulse is required per switching operation and a 30 muW pulse train is sufficient to maintain the inversion. This switchable gain (loss) segment of the PBG waveguide can be used to controllably amplify (absorb) signal pulses conveying optical information. This provides a robust mechanism for ultrafast multiwavelength channel all-optical logic in PBG microchips.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.80.063810},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
issn = {1050-2947},
number = 6,
volume = 80,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {12}
}