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Title: Spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture quantum-dot lasers

Abstract

We present a systematic theoretical study of spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture semiconductor quantum-dot lasers within the Maxwell-Bloch formalism. Our opto-electro-thermal model self-consistently captures the essential dynamical coupling between field, polarization, and carrier density in both thermal and nonthermal regimes, providing detailed description of the complex spatiotemporal modal intensity structure and spectra in these novel devices and broad area edge-emitting lasers in general. Using linear stability analysis and high resolution adaptive-grid finite element numerical simulation, we show that in the nonthermal regime, the presence of inhomogeneous broadening in quantum-dot active media leads to suppressed filamentation and enhanced spatial coherence compared to conventional quantum well devices with comparable phase-amplitude coupling (alpha parameter). Increasing the degree of inhomogeneous broadening in the active medium leads to further improvement in spatial coherence. In the thermal regime, there is further suppression of filamentation in the inhomogeneously broadened quantum-dot active medium; however, the spatial coherence aided by inhomogeneous broadening is partly lost due to the effect of temperature on cavity detuning. We propose that device designs based on optimized inhomogeneous broadening of quantum-dot gain medium could ultimately lead to diffraction-limited outputs in the quasi-cw regime which are still very difficult to achieve in conventional wide-aperture designs.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Tyndall National Institute, Optoelectronics Group, National University of Ireland, University College, Cork (Ireland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21313089
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 79; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.79.053813; (c) 2009 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1050-2947
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; AMPLITUDES; APERTURES; CARRIER DENSITY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COUPLING; DESIGN; DIFFRACTION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; GAIN; GRIDS; LASER CAVITIES; LASERS; QUANTUM DOTS; QUANTUM WELLS; RESONATORS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Mukherjee, Jayanta, and McInerney, John G. Spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture quantum-dot lasers. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.79.053813.
Mukherjee, Jayanta, & McInerney, John G. Spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture quantum-dot lasers. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.79.053813.
Mukherjee, Jayanta, and McInerney, John G. Fri . "Spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture quantum-dot lasers". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.79.053813.
@article{osti_21313089,
title = {Spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture quantum-dot lasers},
author = {Mukherjee, Jayanta and McInerney, John G},
abstractNote = {We present a systematic theoretical study of spatial mode dynamics in wide-aperture semiconductor quantum-dot lasers within the Maxwell-Bloch formalism. Our opto-electro-thermal model self-consistently captures the essential dynamical coupling between field, polarization, and carrier density in both thermal and nonthermal regimes, providing detailed description of the complex spatiotemporal modal intensity structure and spectra in these novel devices and broad area edge-emitting lasers in general. Using linear stability analysis and high resolution adaptive-grid finite element numerical simulation, we show that in the nonthermal regime, the presence of inhomogeneous broadening in quantum-dot active media leads to suppressed filamentation and enhanced spatial coherence compared to conventional quantum well devices with comparable phase-amplitude coupling (alpha parameter). Increasing the degree of inhomogeneous broadening in the active medium leads to further improvement in spatial coherence. In the thermal regime, there is further suppression of filamentation in the inhomogeneously broadened quantum-dot active medium; however, the spatial coherence aided by inhomogeneous broadening is partly lost due to the effect of temperature on cavity detuning. We propose that device designs based on optimized inhomogeneous broadening of quantum-dot gain medium could ultimately lead to diffraction-limited outputs in the quasi-cw regime which are still very difficult to achieve in conventional wide-aperture designs.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.79.053813},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
issn = {1050-2947},
number = 5,
volume = 79,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {5}
}