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Title: Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria

Abstract

Inadequate management of waste generated from injection activities can have a negative impact on the community and environment. In this paper, a report on immunization wastes management in Kano State (Nigeria) is presented. Eight local governments were selected randomly and surveyed by the author. Solid wastes generated during the Expanded Programme on Immunization were characterised using two different methods: one by weighing the waste and the other by estimating the volume. Empirical data was obtained on immunization waste generation, segregation, storage, collection, transportation, and disposal; and waste management practices were assessed. The study revealed that immunization offices were accommodated in either in local government buildings, primary health centres or community health care centres. All of the stations demonstrated a high priority for segregation of the infectious wastes. It can be deduced from the data obtained that infectious waste ranged from 67.6% to 76.7% with an average of 70.1% by weight, and 36.0% to 46.1% with an average of 40.1% by volume. Non-infectious waste generated ranged from 23.3% to 32.5% with an average of 29.9% by weight and 53.9% to 64.0% with an average of 59.9% by volume. Out of non-infectious waste (NIFW) and infectious waste (IFW), 66.3% and 62.4% bymore » weight were combustible and 33.7% and 37.6% were non-combustible respectively. An assessment of the treatment revealed that open pit burning and burial and small scale incineration were the common methods of disposal for immunization waste, and some immunization centres employed the services of the state or local government owned solid waste disposal board for final collection and disposal of their immunization waste at government approved sites.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Civil Engineering Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Nigeria), E-mail: okeia@oauife.edu.ng
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21215942
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Waste Management; Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.11.008; PII: S0956-053X(07)00406-0; Copyright (c) 2007 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; COMBUSTION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; NIGERIA; SOLID WASTES; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Oke, I.A.. Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.11.008.
Oke, I.A.. Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria. United States. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.11.008.
Oke, I.A.. Mon . "Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria". United States. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.11.008.
@article{osti_21215942,
title = {Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria},
author = {Oke, I.A.},
abstractNote = {Inadequate management of waste generated from injection activities can have a negative impact on the community and environment. In this paper, a report on immunization wastes management in Kano State (Nigeria) is presented. Eight local governments were selected randomly and surveyed by the author. Solid wastes generated during the Expanded Programme on Immunization were characterised using two different methods: one by weighing the waste and the other by estimating the volume. Empirical data was obtained on immunization waste generation, segregation, storage, collection, transportation, and disposal; and waste management practices were assessed. The study revealed that immunization offices were accommodated in either in local government buildings, primary health centres or community health care centres. All of the stations demonstrated a high priority for segregation of the infectious wastes. It can be deduced from the data obtained that infectious waste ranged from 67.6% to 76.7% with an average of 70.1% by weight, and 36.0% to 46.1% with an average of 40.1% by volume. Non-infectious waste generated ranged from 23.3% to 32.5% with an average of 29.9% by weight and 53.9% to 64.0% with an average of 59.9% by volume. Out of non-infectious waste (NIFW) and infectious waste (IFW), 66.3% and 62.4% by weight were combustible and 33.7% and 37.6% were non-combustible respectively. An assessment of the treatment revealed that open pit burning and burial and small scale incineration were the common methods of disposal for immunization waste, and some immunization centres employed the services of the state or local government owned solid waste disposal board for final collection and disposal of their immunization waste at government approved sites.},
doi = {10.1016/j.wasman.2007.11.008},
journal = {Waste Management},
number = 12,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2008},
month = {Mon Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2008}
}