Mutual ChernSimons theory for Z{sub 2} topological order
Abstract
We study several different Z{sub 2} topological ordered states in frustrated spin systems. The effective theories for those different Z{sub 2} topological orders all have the same forma Z{sub 2} gauge theory which can also be written as a mutual U(1)xU(1) ChernSimons theory. However, we find that the different Z{sub 2} topological orders are reflected in different projective realizations of lattice symmetry in the same effective mutual ChernSimons theory. This result is obtained by comparing the groundstate degeneracy, the groundstate quantum numbers, the gapless edge state, and the projective symmetry group of quasiparticles calculated from the slaveparticle theory and from the effective mutual ChernSimons theories. Our study reveals intricate relations between topological order and symmetry.
 Authors:

 Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)
 Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)
 Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
 Publication Date:
 OSTI Identifier:
 21192464
 Resource Type:
 Journal Article
 Journal Name:
 Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 15; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.155134; (c) 2008 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 10980121
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; GAUGE INVARIANCE; GROUND STATES; PARTICLES; QUANTUM NUMBERS; QUASI PARTICLES; SPIN; SYMMETRY; SYMMETRY GROUPS
Citation Formats
Supeng, Kou, Levin, Michael, and Xiaogang, Wen. Mutual ChernSimons theory for Z{sub 2} topological order. United States: N. p., 2008.
Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVB.78.155134.
Supeng, Kou, Levin, Michael, & Xiaogang, Wen. Mutual ChernSimons theory for Z{sub 2} topological order. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVB.78.155134
Supeng, Kou, Levin, Michael, and Xiaogang, Wen. Wed .
"Mutual ChernSimons theory for Z{sub 2} topological order". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVB.78.155134.
@article{osti_21192464,
title = {Mutual ChernSimons theory for Z{sub 2} topological order},
author = {Supeng, Kou and Levin, Michael and Xiaogang, Wen},
abstractNote = {We study several different Z{sub 2} topological ordered states in frustrated spin systems. The effective theories for those different Z{sub 2} topological orders all have the same forma Z{sub 2} gauge theory which can also be written as a mutual U(1)xU(1) ChernSimons theory. However, we find that the different Z{sub 2} topological orders are reflected in different projective realizations of lattice symmetry in the same effective mutual ChernSimons theory. This result is obtained by comparing the groundstate degeneracy, the groundstate quantum numbers, the gapless edge state, and the projective symmetry group of quasiparticles calculated from the slaveparticle theory and from the effective mutual ChernSimons theories. Our study reveals intricate relations between topological order and symmetry.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVB.78.155134},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21192464},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {10980121},
number = 15,
volume = 78,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {10}
}