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Title: Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders

Abstract

Endometrial carcinoma is the most common malignancy arising in the female genital tract. Intracavitary vaginal cuff irradiation may be given alone or with external beam irradiation in patients determined to be at risk for locoregional recurrence. Vaginal cylinders are often used to deliver a brachytherapy dose to the vaginal apex and upper vagina or the entire vaginal surface in the management of postoperative endometrial cancer or cervical cancer. The dose distributions of HDR vaginal cylinders must be evaluated carefully, so that clinical experiences with LDR techniques can be used in guiding optimal use of HDR techniques. The aim of this study was to optimize dose distribution for Gammamed plus vaginal cylinders. Placement of dose optimization points was evaluated for its effect on optimized dose distributions. Two different dose optimization point models were used in this study, namely non-apex (dose optimization points only on periphery of cylinder) and apex (dose optimization points on periphery and along the curvature including the apex points). Thirteen dwell positions were used for the HDR dosimetry to obtain a 6-cm active length. Thus 13 optimization points were available at the periphery of the cylinder. The coordinates of the points along the curvature depended on the cylindermore » diameters and were chosen for each cylinder so that four points were distributed evenly in the curvature portion of the cylinder. Diameter of vaginal cylinders varied from 2.0 to 4.0 cm. Iterative optimization routine was utilized for all optimizations. The effects of various optimization routines (iterative, geometric, equal times) was studied for the 3.0-cm diameter vaginal cylinder. The effect of source travel step size on the optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders was also evaluated. All optimizations in this study were carried for dose of 6 Gy at dose optimization points. For both non-apex and apex models of vaginal cylinders, doses for apex point and three dome points were higher for the apex model compared with the non-apex model. Mean doses to the optimization points for both the cylinder models and all the cylinder diameters were 6 Gy, matching with the prescription dose of 6 Gy. Iterative optimization routine resulted in the highest dose to apex point and dome points. The mean dose for optimization point was 6.01 Gy for iterative optimization and was much higher than 5.74 Gy for geometric and equal times routines. Step size of 1 cm gave the highest dose to the apex point. This step size was superior in terms of mean dose to optimization points. Selection of dose optimization points for the derivation of optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders affects the dose distributions.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, Karnataka (India), E-mail: sanjayssupe@gmail.com
  2. Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, Karnataka (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21180436
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Dosimetry; Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2007.08.004; PII: S0958-3947(07)00155-0; Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BRACHYTHERAPY; CARCINOMAS; DOSIMETRY; FEMALE GENITALS; IRRADIATION; ITERATIVE METHODS; OPTIMIZATION; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS; RADIATION DOSES

Citation Formats

Supe, Sanjay S., Bijina, T.K., Varatharaj, C., Shwetha, B., Arunkumar, T., Sathiyan, S., Ganesh, K.M., and Ravikumar, M. Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1016/j.meddos.2007.08.004.
Supe, Sanjay S., Bijina, T.K., Varatharaj, C., Shwetha, B., Arunkumar, T., Sathiyan, S., Ganesh, K.M., & Ravikumar, M. Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders. United States. doi:10.1016/j.meddos.2007.08.004.
Supe, Sanjay S., Bijina, T.K., Varatharaj, C., Shwetha, B., Arunkumar, T., Sathiyan, S., Ganesh, K.M., and Ravikumar, M. Wed . "Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders". United States. doi:10.1016/j.meddos.2007.08.004.
@article{osti_21180436,
title = {Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders},
author = {Supe, Sanjay S. and Bijina, T.K. and Varatharaj, C. and Shwetha, B. and Arunkumar, T. and Sathiyan, S. and Ganesh, K.M. and Ravikumar, M.},
abstractNote = {Endometrial carcinoma is the most common malignancy arising in the female genital tract. Intracavitary vaginal cuff irradiation may be given alone or with external beam irradiation in patients determined to be at risk for locoregional recurrence. Vaginal cylinders are often used to deliver a brachytherapy dose to the vaginal apex and upper vagina or the entire vaginal surface in the management of postoperative endometrial cancer or cervical cancer. The dose distributions of HDR vaginal cylinders must be evaluated carefully, so that clinical experiences with LDR techniques can be used in guiding optimal use of HDR techniques. The aim of this study was to optimize dose distribution for Gammamed plus vaginal cylinders. Placement of dose optimization points was evaluated for its effect on optimized dose distributions. Two different dose optimization point models were used in this study, namely non-apex (dose optimization points only on periphery of cylinder) and apex (dose optimization points on periphery and along the curvature including the apex points). Thirteen dwell positions were used for the HDR dosimetry to obtain a 6-cm active length. Thus 13 optimization points were available at the periphery of the cylinder. The coordinates of the points along the curvature depended on the cylinder diameters and were chosen for each cylinder so that four points were distributed evenly in the curvature portion of the cylinder. Diameter of vaginal cylinders varied from 2.0 to 4.0 cm. Iterative optimization routine was utilized for all optimizations. The effects of various optimization routines (iterative, geometric, equal times) was studied for the 3.0-cm diameter vaginal cylinder. The effect of source travel step size on the optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders was also evaluated. All optimizations in this study were carried for dose of 6 Gy at dose optimization points. For both non-apex and apex models of vaginal cylinders, doses for apex point and three dome points were higher for the apex model compared with the non-apex model. Mean doses to the optimization points for both the cylinder models and all the cylinder diameters were 6 Gy, matching with the prescription dose of 6 Gy. Iterative optimization routine resulted in the highest dose to apex point and dome points. The mean dose for optimization point was 6.01 Gy for iterative optimization and was much higher than 5.74 Gy for geometric and equal times routines. Step size of 1 cm gave the highest dose to the apex point. This step size was superior in terms of mean dose to optimization points. Selection of dose optimization points for the derivation of optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders affects the dose distributions.},
doi = {10.1016/j.meddos.2007.08.004},
journal = {Medical Dosimetry},
number = 1,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2009},
month = {Wed Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2009}
}