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Title: Combustion of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate and cellulose in a laboratory scale thermal destruction facility

Abstract

Results of combustion tests are presented from the laboratory scale thermal destruction facility on samples containing varying composition of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate (PC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) mixed with non-plastic material (cellulose). The equivalence ratio was varied from 0.5 to 2.0. Data provides the effect of temperature, equivalence ratio and the chemical composition of the surrogate solid waste on the emissions of NO{sub x}, CO, CO{sub 2}, HC and O{sub 2}. Thermal destruction behavior of the surrogate waste is qualitatively observed to be enhanced with progressive increase in temperature which results in maximum volume reduction and low NO{sub x} emissions for these combustion tests. The numerical calculations using equilibrium conditions show similar trends to those obtained experimentally. The measured CO emissions were lower than the calculated ones but the CO{sub 2} and HC emissions were higher than the calculated values. In all tests the measured O{sub 2} concentrations were higher than the calculated ones and the NO{sub x} concentrations were lower at higher equivalence ratios. Analysis and interpretation of the data reveal that the composition of the waste as well as the conditions under which the thermal destruction process takes place, i.e., temperature, equivalence ratio and process type have significant influence onmore » the emissions. These results show significant effect of controlled combustion on the amount and nature of species formed. This information can assist in developing strategies in the design and operation of thermal destruction systems.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Naval Surface Warfare Center, Annapolis, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
211752
Report Number(s):
CONF-951010-
ISBN 0-7918-1486-6; TRN: IM9617%%68
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International joint power generation conference and exposition, Minneapolis, MN (United States), 8-12 Oct 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 1995 international joint power generation conference -- Volume 1: Environmental control/fuels and combustion technologies. EC-Volume 3; FACT-Volume 20; Frazier, W.F.; Smouse, S.M. [eds.]; PB: 521 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; PLASTICS; COMBUSTION; CELLULOSE; NITROGEN OXIDES; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; CARBON MONOXIDE; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROCARBONS; REFUSE DERIVED FUELS; OXYGEN; MONITORING

Citation Formats

Missoum, A, Gupta, A K, and Keating, E L. Combustion of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate and cellulose in a laboratory scale thermal destruction facility. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Missoum, A, Gupta, A K, & Keating, E L. Combustion of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate and cellulose in a laboratory scale thermal destruction facility. United States.
Missoum, A, Gupta, A K, and Keating, E L. 1995. "Combustion of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate and cellulose in a laboratory scale thermal destruction facility". United States.
@article{osti_211752,
title = {Combustion of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate, polyethylene terephthalate and cellulose in a laboratory scale thermal destruction facility},
author = {Missoum, A and Gupta, A K and Keating, E L},
abstractNote = {Results of combustion tests are presented from the laboratory scale thermal destruction facility on samples containing varying composition of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate (PC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) mixed with non-plastic material (cellulose). The equivalence ratio was varied from 0.5 to 2.0. Data provides the effect of temperature, equivalence ratio and the chemical composition of the surrogate solid waste on the emissions of NO{sub x}, CO, CO{sub 2}, HC and O{sub 2}. Thermal destruction behavior of the surrogate waste is qualitatively observed to be enhanced with progressive increase in temperature which results in maximum volume reduction and low NO{sub x} emissions for these combustion tests. The numerical calculations using equilibrium conditions show similar trends to those obtained experimentally. The measured CO emissions were lower than the calculated ones but the CO{sub 2} and HC emissions were higher than the calculated values. In all tests the measured O{sub 2} concentrations were higher than the calculated ones and the NO{sub x} concentrations were lower at higher equivalence ratios. Analysis and interpretation of the data reveal that the composition of the waste as well as the conditions under which the thermal destruction process takes place, i.e., temperature, equivalence ratio and process type have significant influence on the emissions. These results show significant effect of controlled combustion on the amount and nature of species formed. This information can assist in developing strategies in the design and operation of thermal destruction systems.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/211752}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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