skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Impacts of nuclear power sources on space debris

Abstract

The paper presents some results of efforts dealing with computational analyses of probability of impact of nuclear power sources (NPS) on space debris (SD), destruction of the NPS structure on the impacts, change in orbital parameters as a result of the NPS impact and reentry.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. 'Red Star' State Enterprise Moscow 115230 (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21165707
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 387; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: STAIF-97: Space technology and applications international forum, Albuquerque, NM (United States), 26-30 Jan 1997; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.51948; (c) 1997 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; NUCLEAR POWER; PROBABILITY; REACTOR OPERATION; REACTORS; REENTRY; RISK ASSESSMENT; SPACE; SPACE VEHICLES

Citation Formats

Grinberg, Eduard I., Doschatov, Vitali V., Nikolaev, Vadim S., Sokolov, Nikolai A., Nazarenko, Andrei I., Usov, Veniamin A., Russian Space Agency Center for Program Research, Moscow 117810, and RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Moscow 123182. Impacts of nuclear power sources on space debris. United States: N. p., 1997. Web. doi:10.1063/1.51948.
Grinberg, Eduard I., Doschatov, Vitali V., Nikolaev, Vadim S., Sokolov, Nikolai A., Nazarenko, Andrei I., Usov, Veniamin A., Russian Space Agency Center for Program Research, Moscow 117810, & RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Moscow 123182. Impacts of nuclear power sources on space debris. United States. doi:10.1063/1.51948.
Grinberg, Eduard I., Doschatov, Vitali V., Nikolaev, Vadim S., Sokolov, Nikolai A., Nazarenko, Andrei I., Usov, Veniamin A., Russian Space Agency Center for Program Research, Moscow 117810, and RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Moscow 123182. Fri . "Impacts of nuclear power sources on space debris". United States. doi:10.1063/1.51948.
@article{osti_21165707,
title = {Impacts of nuclear power sources on space debris},
author = {Grinberg, Eduard I. and Doschatov, Vitali V. and Nikolaev, Vadim S. and Sokolov, Nikolai A. and Nazarenko, Andrei I. and Usov, Veniamin A. and Russian Space Agency Center for Program Research, Moscow 117810 and RRC 'Kurchatov Institute' Moscow 123182},
abstractNote = {The paper presents some results of efforts dealing with computational analyses of probability of impact of nuclear power sources (NPS) on space debris (SD), destruction of the NPS structure on the impacts, change in orbital parameters as a result of the NPS impact and reentry.},
doi = {10.1063/1.51948},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 387,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 1997},
month = {Fri Jan 10 00:00:00 EST 1997}
}
  • The paper presents some results of efforts dealing with computational analyses of probability of impact of nuclear power sources (NPS) on space debris (SD), destruction of the NPS structure on the impacts, change in orbital parameters as a result of the NPS impact and reentry. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}
  • A single microparticle launching method is described to simulate the hypervelocity impacts of micrometeoroids and microdebris on space structures at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. A microparticle placed in a sabot with slits is accelerated using a rifled two-stage light-gas gun. The centrifugal force provided by the rifling in the launch tube separates the sabot. The sabot-separation distance and the impact-point deviation are strongly affected by the combination of the sabot diameter and the bore diameter, and by the projectile diameter. Using this method, spherical projectiles of 1.0-0.1 mm diameter were launched at upmore » to 7 km/s.« less
  • Over the past 30 yr. the U.S. Government has evolved a process for the safety review and launch approval of nuclear power sources (NPSs) proposed for launch into space. This process, which involves a number of governmental agencies, ensures that the various postulated accident scenarios are considered, that the responses of the NPSs to the accident environments are assessed, and that appropriate elements of the Federal Government are involved in the launch approval. This process has worked very well in the successful launches of 37 radioisotope thermoelectric generators and 1 reactor by the United States since 1961. Particular attention willmore » be focused on the recent launch of the Galileo spacecraft. 19 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.« less
  • In adopting a resolution on {open_quote}principles relevant to the use of nuclear power sources in outer space{close_quote} in December 1992, the UN General Assembly recognised that future revision would be required in view of emerging nuclear power applications in space and evolving international recommendations on nuclear safety and radiological protection. A revision is suggested which generalises the intentions embodied in the UN resolution in a way which is consistent with subsequent international developments under the aegis of ICRP and IAEA. The revision takes the form of six Supplementary Principles incorporating developments in probabilistic risk assessment, safety culture and radiological protectionmore » together with the recognition of the importance of Safeguards. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}« less