skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Synthesis of uniform nano-structured lead oxide by sonochemical method and its application as cathode and anode of lead-acid batteries

Abstract

This paper discusses the results of a research aimed at investigating the synthesis of nano-structured lead oxide through reaction of lead nitrate solution and sodium carbonate solution by the sonochemical method. At the first, lead carbonate was obtained in a synthesized solution and then, after filtration, it was calcinated at the temperature of 320 deg. C so that nano-structured lead oxide can be produced. The effects of different parameters on particle size and morphology of final lead oxide powder were optimized by a 'one at a time' method. The prepared lead oxide powder was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Under optimum conditions, uniformed and homogeneous nano-structured lead oxide powder with more spongy morphology and particle size of 20-40 nm was obtained. The synthesized lead oxide, as anode and cathode of lead-acid batteries, showed an excellent discharge capacity (140 mA h/g)

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Abhar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Ardakan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21143975
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Materials Research Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2007.11.014; PII: S0025-5408(07)00516-8; Copyright (c) 2007 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0025-5408
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; ENERGY STORAGE; LEAD CARBONATES; LEAD NITRATES; LEAD OXIDES; LEAD-ACID BATTERIES; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLE SIZE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SODIUM CARBONATES; SOLUTIONS; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Karami, Hassan, Karimi, Mohammad Ali, and Haghdar, Saeed. Synthesis of uniform nano-structured lead oxide by sonochemical method and its application as cathode and anode of lead-acid batteries. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2007.11.014.
Karami, Hassan, Karimi, Mohammad Ali, & Haghdar, Saeed. Synthesis of uniform nano-structured lead oxide by sonochemical method and its application as cathode and anode of lead-acid batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2007.11.014
Karami, Hassan, Karimi, Mohammad Ali, and Haghdar, Saeed. 2008. "Synthesis of uniform nano-structured lead oxide by sonochemical method and its application as cathode and anode of lead-acid batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2007.11.014.
@article{osti_21143975,
title = {Synthesis of uniform nano-structured lead oxide by sonochemical method and its application as cathode and anode of lead-acid batteries},
author = {Karami, Hassan and Karimi, Mohammad Ali and Haghdar, Saeed},
abstractNote = {This paper discusses the results of a research aimed at investigating the synthesis of nano-structured lead oxide through reaction of lead nitrate solution and sodium carbonate solution by the sonochemical method. At the first, lead carbonate was obtained in a synthesized solution and then, after filtration, it was calcinated at the temperature of 320 deg. C so that nano-structured lead oxide can be produced. The effects of different parameters on particle size and morphology of final lead oxide powder were optimized by a 'one at a time' method. The prepared lead oxide powder was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Under optimum conditions, uniformed and homogeneous nano-structured lead oxide powder with more spongy morphology and particle size of 20-40 nm was obtained. The synthesized lead oxide, as anode and cathode of lead-acid batteries, showed an excellent discharge capacity (140 mA h/g)},
doi = {10.1016/j.materresbull.2007.11.014},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21143975}, journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
issn = {0025-5408},
number = 11,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {11}
}