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Title: Deposition of nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition coatings by high power impulse magnetron sputtering

Abstract

Nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings are gaining reputation for their high corrosion and wear resistance. However, the CrN/NbN films deposited by ABS (arc bond sputtering) technology have some limitations such as macrodroplets, porosity, and less dense structures. The novel HIPIMS (high power impulse magnetron sputtering) technique produces macroparticle-free, highly ionized metal plasma, which brings advantages in both surface pretreatment and coating deposition stages of the PVD process. In this study, nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN PVD coatings were pretreated and deposited with HIPIMS technology and compared with those deposited by HIPIMS-UBM (unbalanced magnetron) and by the ABS technique. In all cases Cr{sup +} etching was utilized to enhance adhesion by low energy ion implantation. The coatings were deposited at 400 deg. C with substrate biased (U{sub b}) at -75 V. During coating deposition, HIPIMS produced significantly high activation of nitrogen compared to the UBM as observed with mass spectroscopy. HIPIMS-deposited coatings revealed a bilayer period of 4.1 nm (total thickness: 2.9 {mu}m) and hardness of 3025 HK{sub 0.025}. TEM results revealed droplet free, denser microstructure with (200) preferred orientation for the HIPIMS coating owing to the increased ionization as compared to the more porous structure with random orientation observedmore » in UBM coating. The dry sliding wear coefficient (K{sub c}) of the coating was 1.8x10{sup -15} m{sup 3} N{sup -1} m{sup -1}, whereas the steady state coefficient of friction was 0.32. Potentiodynamic polarization tests revealed higher E{sub corr} values, higher pitting resistance (around potentials +400 to +600 mV), and lower corrosion current densities for HIPIMS deposited coatings as compared to the coatings deposited by ABS or HIPIMS-UBM. The corrosion behavior of the coatings qualitatively improved with the progressive use of HIPIMS from pretreatment stage to the coating deposition step.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. NanoTechnology Centre for PVD Research, Materials and Engineering Research Institute, Howard Street, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21124025
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1116/1.2839855; (c) 2008 American Vacuum Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0734-2101
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHROMIUM IONS; CHROMIUM NITRIDES; CORROSION; ETCHING; GRAIN ORIENTATION; HARDNESS; ION IMPLANTATION; LAYERS; MAGNETRONS; NANOSTRUCTURES; NIOBIUM NITRIDES; NITROGEN; PHYSICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; POROSITY; POROUS MATERIALS; SPUTTERING; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VAPOR DEPOSITED COATINGS; WEAR RESISTANCE

Citation Formats

Purandare, Y P, Ehiasarian, A P, and Hovsepian, P Eh. Deposition of nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition coatings by high power impulse magnetron sputtering. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1116/1.2839855.
Purandare, Y P, Ehiasarian, A P, & Hovsepian, P Eh. Deposition of nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition coatings by high power impulse magnetron sputtering. United States. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.2839855
Purandare, Y P, Ehiasarian, A P, and Hovsepian, P Eh. Sat . "Deposition of nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition coatings by high power impulse magnetron sputtering". United States. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.2839855.
@article{osti_21124025,
title = {Deposition of nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition coatings by high power impulse magnetron sputtering},
author = {Purandare, Y P and Ehiasarian, A P and Hovsepian, P Eh},
abstractNote = {Nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN physical vapor deposition (PVD) coatings are gaining reputation for their high corrosion and wear resistance. However, the CrN/NbN films deposited by ABS (arc bond sputtering) technology have some limitations such as macrodroplets, porosity, and less dense structures. The novel HIPIMS (high power impulse magnetron sputtering) technique produces macroparticle-free, highly ionized metal plasma, which brings advantages in both surface pretreatment and coating deposition stages of the PVD process. In this study, nanoscale multilayer CrN/NbN PVD coatings were pretreated and deposited with HIPIMS technology and compared with those deposited by HIPIMS-UBM (unbalanced magnetron) and by the ABS technique. In all cases Cr{sup +} etching was utilized to enhance adhesion by low energy ion implantation. The coatings were deposited at 400 deg. C with substrate biased (U{sub b}) at -75 V. During coating deposition, HIPIMS produced significantly high activation of nitrogen compared to the UBM as observed with mass spectroscopy. HIPIMS-deposited coatings revealed a bilayer period of 4.1 nm (total thickness: 2.9 {mu}m) and hardness of 3025 HK{sub 0.025}. TEM results revealed droplet free, denser microstructure with (200) preferred orientation for the HIPIMS coating owing to the increased ionization as compared to the more porous structure with random orientation observed in UBM coating. The dry sliding wear coefficient (K{sub c}) of the coating was 1.8x10{sup -15} m{sup 3} N{sup -1} m{sup -1}, whereas the steady state coefficient of friction was 0.32. Potentiodynamic polarization tests revealed higher E{sub corr} values, higher pitting resistance (around potentials +400 to +600 mV), and lower corrosion current densities for HIPIMS deposited coatings as compared to the coatings deposited by ABS or HIPIMS-UBM. The corrosion behavior of the coatings qualitatively improved with the progressive use of HIPIMS from pretreatment stage to the coating deposition step.},
doi = {10.1116/1.2839855},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21124025}, journal = {Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces and Films},
issn = {0734-2101},
number = 2,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {3}
}