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Title: Experimental study of Markstein number effects on laminar flamelet velocity in turbulent premixed flames

Abstract

Effects of turbulent flame stretch on mean local laminar burning velocity of flamelets, u{sub n}, were investigated experimentally in an explosion vessel at normal temperature and pressure. In this context, the wrinkling, A{sub t}/A{sub l}, and the burning velocity, u{sub t}, of turbulent flames were measured simultaneously. With the flamelet assumption the mean local laminar burning velocity of flamelets, u{sub n}=u{sub t} x (A{sub t}/A{sub l}){sup -1}, was calculated for different turbulence intensities. The results were compared to the influence of stretch on spherically expanding laminar flames. For spherically expanding laminar flames the stretched laminar burning velocity, u{sub n}, varied linearly with the Karlovitz stretch factor, yielding Markstein numbers that depend on the mixture composition. Six different mixtures with positive and negative Markstein numbers were investigated. The measurements of the mean local laminar burning velocity of turbulent flamelets were used to derive an efficiency parameter, I, which reflects the impact of the Markstein number and turbulent flame stretch - expressed by the turbulent Karlovitz stretch factor - on the local laminar burning velocity of flamelets. The results showed that the efficiency is reduced with increasing turbulence intensity and the reduction can be correlated to unsteady effects. (author)

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Division of Combustion Technology, Engler-Bunte-Institute, University of Karlsruhe (TH), Karlsruhe (Germany)
  2. Institute for Chemical Technology, University of Karlsruhe (TH), Karlsruhe (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21116076
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 154; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; LAMINAR FLAMES; VELOCITY; COMBUSTION; MIXTURES; EFFICIENCY; TURBULENCE; CORRELATIONS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; Markstein number; Flame stretch; Flamelets; Unsteady effects

Citation Formats

Weiss, M, Zarzalis, N, and Suntz, R. Experimental study of Markstein number effects on laminar flamelet velocity in turbulent premixed flames. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1016/J.COMBUSTFLAME.2008.06.011.
Weiss, M, Zarzalis, N, & Suntz, R. Experimental study of Markstein number effects on laminar flamelet velocity in turbulent premixed flames. United States. doi:10.1016/J.COMBUSTFLAME.2008.06.011.
Weiss, M, Zarzalis, N, and Suntz, R. Mon . "Experimental study of Markstein number effects on laminar flamelet velocity in turbulent premixed flames". United States. doi:10.1016/J.COMBUSTFLAME.2008.06.011.
@article{osti_21116076,
title = {Experimental study of Markstein number effects on laminar flamelet velocity in turbulent premixed flames},
author = {Weiss, M and Zarzalis, N and Suntz, R},
abstractNote = {Effects of turbulent flame stretch on mean local laminar burning velocity of flamelets, u{sub n}, were investigated experimentally in an explosion vessel at normal temperature and pressure. In this context, the wrinkling, A{sub t}/A{sub l}, and the burning velocity, u{sub t}, of turbulent flames were measured simultaneously. With the flamelet assumption the mean local laminar burning velocity of flamelets, u{sub n}=u{sub t} x (A{sub t}/A{sub l}){sup -1}, was calculated for different turbulence intensities. The results were compared to the influence of stretch on spherically expanding laminar flames. For spherically expanding laminar flames the stretched laminar burning velocity, u{sub n}, varied linearly with the Karlovitz stretch factor, yielding Markstein numbers that depend on the mixture composition. Six different mixtures with positive and negative Markstein numbers were investigated. The measurements of the mean local laminar burning velocity of turbulent flamelets were used to derive an efficiency parameter, I, which reflects the impact of the Markstein number and turbulent flame stretch - expressed by the turbulent Karlovitz stretch factor - on the local laminar burning velocity of flamelets. The results showed that the efficiency is reduced with increasing turbulence intensity and the reduction can be correlated to unsteady effects. (author)},
doi = {10.1016/J.COMBUSTFLAME.2008.06.011},
journal = {Combustion and Flame},
issn = {0010-2180},
number = 4,
volume = 154,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {9}
}