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Title: Mesonic eightfold way from dynamics and confinement in strongly coupled lattice quantum chromodynamics

Abstract

We show the existence of all the 36 eightfold way mesons and determine their masses and dispersion curves exactly, from dynamical first principles such as directly from the quark-fluon dynamics. We also give a proof of confinement below the two-meson energy threshold. For this purpose, we consider an imaginary time functional integral representation of a 3+1 dimensional lattice QCD model with Wilson action, SU(3){sub f} global and SU(3){sub c} local symmetries. We work in the strong coupling regime, such that the hopping parameter {kappa}>0 is small and much larger than the plaquette coupling {beta}>1/g{sub 0}{sup 2}{>=}0 ({beta}<<{kappa}<<1). In the quantum mechanical physical Hilbert space H, a Feynman-Kac type representation for the two-meson correlation and its spectral representation are used to establish an exact rigorous connection between the complex momentum singularities of the two-meson truncated correlation and the energy-momentum spectrum of the model. The total spin operator J and its z-component J{sub z} are defined by using {pi}/2 rotations about the spatial coordinate axes, and agree with the infinitesimal generators of the continuum for improper zero-momentum meson states. The mesons admit a labelling in terms of the quantum numbers of total isospin I, the third component I{sub 3} of total isospin,more » the z-component J{sub z} of total spin and quadratic Casimir C{sub 2} for SU(3){sub f}. With this labelling, the mesons can be organized into two sets of states, distinguished by the total spin J. These two sets are identified with the SU(3){sub f} nonet of pseudo-scalar mesons (J=0) and the three nonets of vector mesons (J=1,J{sub z}={+-}1,0). Within each nonet a further decomposition can be made using C{sub 2} to obtain the singlet state (C{sub 2}=0) and the eight members of the octet (C{sub 2}=3). By casting the problem of determination of the meson masses and dispersion curves into the framework of the the anaytic implicit function theorem, all the masses m({kappa},{beta}) are found exactly and are given by convergent expansions in the parameters {kappa} and {beta}. The masses are all of the form m({kappa},{beta}=0){identical_to}m({kappa})=-2ln {kappa}-3{kappa}{sup 2}/2+{kappa}{sup 4}r({kappa}) with r(0){ne}0 and r({kappa}) real analytic; for {beta}>0,m({kappa},{beta})+2ln {kappa} is jointly analytic in {kappa} and {beta}. The masses of the vector mesons are independent of J{sub z} and are all equal within each octet. All isospin singlet masses are also equal for the vector mesons. For each nonet and {beta}=0, up to and including O({kappa}{sup 4}), the masses of the octet and the singlet are found to be equal. But there is a pseudoscalar-vector meson mass splitting given by 2{kappa}{sup 4}+O({kappa}{sup 6}) and the splitting persists for {beta}>0. For {beta}=0, the dispersion curves are all of the form w(p-vector)=-2 ln {kappa}-3{kappa}{sup 2}/2+((1/4)){kappa}{sup 2}{sigma}{sub j=1}{sup 3}2(1-cos p{sup j})+{kappa}{sup 4}r({kappa},p-vector), with |r({kappa},p-vector)|{<=}const. For the pseudoscalar mesons, r({kappa},p-vector) is jointly analytic in {kappa} and p{sup j}, for |{kappa}| and |Im p{sup j}| small. We use some machinery from constructive field theory, such as the decoupling of hyperplane method, in order to reveal the gauge-invariant eightfold way meson states and a correlation subtraction method to extend our spectral results to all H{sub e}, the subspace of H generated by vectors with an even number of Grassmann variables, up to near the two-meson energy threshold of {approx_equal}-4 ln {kappa}. Combining this result with a previously similar result for the baryon sector of the eightfold way, we show that the only spectrum in all H{sub {identical_to}}H{sub e}+H{sub o} (H{sub o} being the odd subspace) below {approx_equal}-4 ln {kappa} is given by the eightfold way mesons and baryons. Hence, we prove confinement up to near this energy threshold.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Campus Alto Paraopeba, UFSJ, CP 131, 36.420-000 Ouro Branco MG (Brazil)
  2. Departamento de Matematica Aplicada e Estatistica, ICMC-USP, CP 668, 13560-970 Sao Carlos SP (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21100337
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Mathematical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2903751; (c) 2008 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2488
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; BARYONS; FLAVOR MODEL; FOUR-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; GAUGE INVARIANCE; HILBERT SPACE; ISOSPIN; LATTICE FIELD THEORY; MASS; MASS FORMULAE; OCTET MODEL; PSEUDOSCALAR MESONS; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; QUANTUM MECHANICS; QUANTUM NUMBERS; QUARKS; RESONANCE PARTICLES; SINGULARITY; STRONG-COUPLING MODEL; SU-3 GROUPS; VECTOR MESONS

Citation Formats

Francisco Neto, Antonio, O'Carroll, Michael, and Faria da Veiga, Paulo A. Mesonic eightfold way from dynamics and confinement in strongly coupled lattice quantum chromodynamics. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2903751.
Francisco Neto, Antonio, O'Carroll, Michael, & Faria da Veiga, Paulo A. Mesonic eightfold way from dynamics and confinement in strongly coupled lattice quantum chromodynamics. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2903751
Francisco Neto, Antonio, O'Carroll, Michael, and Faria da Veiga, Paulo A. Tue . "Mesonic eightfold way from dynamics and confinement in strongly coupled lattice quantum chromodynamics". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2903751.
@article{osti_21100337,
title = {Mesonic eightfold way from dynamics and confinement in strongly coupled lattice quantum chromodynamics},
author = {Francisco Neto, Antonio and O'Carroll, Michael and Faria da Veiga, Paulo A},
abstractNote = {We show the existence of all the 36 eightfold way mesons and determine their masses and dispersion curves exactly, from dynamical first principles such as directly from the quark-fluon dynamics. We also give a proof of confinement below the two-meson energy threshold. For this purpose, we consider an imaginary time functional integral representation of a 3+1 dimensional lattice QCD model with Wilson action, SU(3){sub f} global and SU(3){sub c} local symmetries. We work in the strong coupling regime, such that the hopping parameter {kappa}>0 is small and much larger than the plaquette coupling {beta}>1/g{sub 0}{sup 2}{>=}0 ({beta}<<{kappa}<<1). In the quantum mechanical physical Hilbert space H, a Feynman-Kac type representation for the two-meson correlation and its spectral representation are used to establish an exact rigorous connection between the complex momentum singularities of the two-meson truncated correlation and the energy-momentum spectrum of the model. The total spin operator J and its z-component J{sub z} are defined by using {pi}/2 rotations about the spatial coordinate axes, and agree with the infinitesimal generators of the continuum for improper zero-momentum meson states. The mesons admit a labelling in terms of the quantum numbers of total isospin I, the third component I{sub 3} of total isospin, the z-component J{sub z} of total spin and quadratic Casimir C{sub 2} for SU(3){sub f}. With this labelling, the mesons can be organized into two sets of states, distinguished by the total spin J. These two sets are identified with the SU(3){sub f} nonet of pseudo-scalar mesons (J=0) and the three nonets of vector mesons (J=1,J{sub z}={+-}1,0). Within each nonet a further decomposition can be made using C{sub 2} to obtain the singlet state (C{sub 2}=0) and the eight members of the octet (C{sub 2}=3). By casting the problem of determination of the meson masses and dispersion curves into the framework of the the anaytic implicit function theorem, all the masses m({kappa},{beta}) are found exactly and are given by convergent expansions in the parameters {kappa} and {beta}. The masses are all of the form m({kappa},{beta}=0){identical_to}m({kappa})=-2ln {kappa}-3{kappa}{sup 2}/2+{kappa}{sup 4}r({kappa}) with r(0){ne}0 and r({kappa}) real analytic; for {beta}>0,m({kappa},{beta})+2ln {kappa} is jointly analytic in {kappa} and {beta}. The masses of the vector mesons are independent of J{sub z} and are all equal within each octet. All isospin singlet masses are also equal for the vector mesons. For each nonet and {beta}=0, up to and including O({kappa}{sup 4}), the masses of the octet and the singlet are found to be equal. But there is a pseudoscalar-vector meson mass splitting given by 2{kappa}{sup 4}+O({kappa}{sup 6}) and the splitting persists for {beta}>0. For {beta}=0, the dispersion curves are all of the form w(p-vector)=-2 ln {kappa}-3{kappa}{sup 2}/2+((1/4)){kappa}{sup 2}{sigma}{sub j=1}{sup 3}2(1-cos p{sup j})+{kappa}{sup 4}r({kappa},p-vector), with |r({kappa},p-vector)|{<=}const. For the pseudoscalar mesons, r({kappa},p-vector) is jointly analytic in {kappa} and p{sup j}, for |{kappa}| and |Im p{sup j}| small. We use some machinery from constructive field theory, such as the decoupling of hyperplane method, in order to reveal the gauge-invariant eightfold way meson states and a correlation subtraction method to extend our spectral results to all H{sub e}, the subspace of H generated by vectors with an even number of Grassmann variables, up to near the two-meson energy threshold of {approx_equal}-4 ln {kappa}. Combining this result with a previously similar result for the baryon sector of the eightfold way, we show that the only spectrum in all H{sub {identical_to}}H{sub e}+H{sub o} (H{sub o} being the odd subspace) below {approx_equal}-4 ln {kappa} is given by the eightfold way mesons and baryons. Hence, we prove confinement up to near this energy threshold.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2903751},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21100337}, journal = {Journal of Mathematical Physics},
issn = {0022-2488},
number = 7,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {7}
}