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Title: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Acute Reperfused Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison of ECIII-60 and Gd-DTPA in a Swine Model

Abstract

Purpose. To compare a necrosis-avid contrast agent (NACA) bis-Gd-DTPA-pamoic acid derivative (ECIII-60) after intracoronary delivery with an extracellular agent Gd-DTPA after intravenous injection on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a swine model of acute reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). Methods. Eight pigs underwent 90 min of transcatheter coronary balloon occlusion and 60 min of reperfusion. After intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA at a dose of 0.2 mmol/kg, all pigs were scanned with T1-weighted MRI until the delayed enhancement of MI disappeared. Then they were intracoronarily infused with ECIII-60 at 0.0025 mmol/kg and imaged for 5 hr. Signal intensity, infarct-over-normal contrast ratio and relative infarct size were quantified, compared, and correlated with the results of postmortem MRI and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) histochemical staining. Results. A contrast ratio over 3.0 was induced by both Gd-DTPA and ECIII-60. However, while the delayed enhancement with Gd-DTPA virtually vanished in 1 hr, ECIII-60 at an 80x smaller dose depicted the MI accurately over 5 hr as proven by ex vivo MRI and TTC staining. Conclusion. Both Gd-DTPA and ECIII-60 strongly enhanced acute MI. Comparing with fading contrast in a narrow time window with intravenous Gd-DTPA, intracoronary ECIII-60 persistently demarcated the acute MI, indicating a potential method formore » postprocedural assessment of myocardial viability after coronary interventions.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2]; ;  [1]; ;  [4]
  1. Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Department of Radiology (China)
  2. Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Department of Cardiology (China)
  3. Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Department of Anaesthesiology (China)
  4. University Hospitals, University of Leuven, Department of Radiology (Belgium), E-mail: yicheng.ni@med.kuleuven.ac.be
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21091008
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1007/s00270-006-0004-0; Copyright (c) 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.; www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CHLORIDES; CONTRAST MEDIA; CORONARIES; GADOLINIUM COMPOUNDS; INTRAVENOUS INJECTION; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; NECROSIS; NMR IMAGING; SWINE

Citation Formats

Jin Jiyang, Teng Gaojun, Feng Yi, Wu Yanping, Jin Qindi, Wang Yu, Wang Zhen, Lu Qin, Jiang Yibo, Wang Shengqi, Chen Feng, Marchal, Guy, and Ni Yicheng. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Acute Reperfused Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison of ECIII-60 and Gd-DTPA in a Swine Model. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1007/S00270-006-0004-0.
Jin Jiyang, Teng Gaojun, Feng Yi, Wu Yanping, Jin Qindi, Wang Yu, Wang Zhen, Lu Qin, Jiang Yibo, Wang Shengqi, Chen Feng, Marchal, Guy, & Ni Yicheng. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Acute Reperfused Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison of ECIII-60 and Gd-DTPA in a Swine Model. United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-006-0004-0.
Jin Jiyang, Teng Gaojun, Feng Yi, Wu Yanping, Jin Qindi, Wang Yu, Wang Zhen, Lu Qin, Jiang Yibo, Wang Shengqi, Chen Feng, Marchal, Guy, and Ni Yicheng. Sun . "Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Acute Reperfused Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison of ECIII-60 and Gd-DTPA in a Swine Model". United States. doi:10.1007/S00270-006-0004-0.
@article{osti_21091008,
title = {Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Acute Reperfused Myocardial Infarction: Intraindividual Comparison of ECIII-60 and Gd-DTPA in a Swine Model},
author = {Jin Jiyang and Teng Gaojun and Feng Yi and Wu Yanping and Jin Qindi and Wang Yu and Wang Zhen and Lu Qin and Jiang Yibo and Wang Shengqi and Chen Feng and Marchal, Guy and Ni Yicheng},
abstractNote = {Purpose. To compare a necrosis-avid contrast agent (NACA) bis-Gd-DTPA-pamoic acid derivative (ECIII-60) after intracoronary delivery with an extracellular agent Gd-DTPA after intravenous injection on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a swine model of acute reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). Methods. Eight pigs underwent 90 min of transcatheter coronary balloon occlusion and 60 min of reperfusion. After intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA at a dose of 0.2 mmol/kg, all pigs were scanned with T1-weighted MRI until the delayed enhancement of MI disappeared. Then they were intracoronarily infused with ECIII-60 at 0.0025 mmol/kg and imaged for 5 hr. Signal intensity, infarct-over-normal contrast ratio and relative infarct size were quantified, compared, and correlated with the results of postmortem MRI and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) histochemical staining. Results. A contrast ratio over 3.0 was induced by both Gd-DTPA and ECIII-60. However, while the delayed enhancement with Gd-DTPA virtually vanished in 1 hr, ECIII-60 at an 80x smaller dose depicted the MI accurately over 5 hr as proven by ex vivo MRI and TTC staining. Conclusion. Both Gd-DTPA and ECIII-60 strongly enhanced acute MI. Comparing with fading contrast in a narrow time window with intravenous Gd-DTPA, intracoronary ECIII-60 persistently demarcated the acute MI, indicating a potential method for postprocedural assessment of myocardial viability after coronary interventions.},
doi = {10.1007/S00270-006-0004-0},
journal = {Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology},
number = 2,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Sun Apr 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • Acute myocardial infarctions were produced in nine dogs by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Twenty-four hours after ligation, 0.5 mM/kg of gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA was injected intravenously, followed by cardiectomy 30 min later. Indium-111 antimyosin was administered intravenously 6 hr before cardiectomy to compare the infarct size with Gd-DTPA contrast enhancement. Areas of Gd-DTPA contrast enhancement were closely correlated with those of indium-111 antimyosin uptake (r = .86), although the former showed slightly greater than the latter. Partial and complete enhancements were observed in three and six dogs, respectively. In the T1 and T2 maps, T1 relaxation timesmore » of the infarcted area showed greater T1 shortening compared with normal myocardium, whereas T2 relaxation times were not different between infarcted and normal myocardium. Thus, Gd-DTPA showed significant contrast enhancement of the infarcted area because of greater T1 shortening and the extent of Gd-DTPA contrast enhancement expressed the infarct size precisely.« less
  • The role of magnetic resonance imaging in characterizing normal, ischemic and infarcted segments of myocardium was examined in 8 patients with unstable angina, 11 patients with acute myocardial infarction, and 7 patients with stable angina. Eleven normal volunteers were imaged for comparison. Myocardial segments in short axis magnetic resonance images were classified as normal or abnormal on the basis of perfusion changes observed in thallium-201 images in 22 patients and according to the electrocariographic localization of infarction in 4 patients. T2 relaxation time was measured in 57 myocardial segments with abnormal perfusion (24 with reversible and 33 with irreversible perfusionmore » changes) and in 25 normally perfused segments. T2 measurements in normally perfused segments of patients with acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina and stable angina were within normal range derived from T2 measurements in 48 myocardial segments of 11 normal volunteers (42 +/- 10 ms). T2 in abnormal myocardial segments of patients with stable angina also was not significantly different from normal. T2 of abnormal segments in patients with unstable angina (64 +/- 14 in reversibly ischemic and 67 +/- 21 in the irreversibly ischemic segments) was prolonged when compared to normal (p less than 0.0001) and was not significantly different from T2 in abnormal segments of patients with acute myocardial infarction (62 +/- 18 for reversibly and 66 +/- 11 for irreversibly ischemic segments). The data indicate that T2 prolongation is not specific for acute myocardial infarction and may be observed in abnormally perfused segments of patients with unstable angina.« less
  • In 44 consecutive patients undergoing elective open heart surgery (OHS), serial electrocardiograms (ECG), vectorcardiograms (VCG), serum CPK, cardiac isoenzymes (CPKMB), and myocardial images using Tc-99m pyrophosphate were obtained, before and after the operation, for the detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Twenty-nine patients developed one or more positive tests postoperatively. Two patients had positive myocardial scintiscans; both had other evidence of infarction. Conversely, the appearance of CPKMB, or new ECG and VCG changes, occurred frequently without evidence of infarction, and were not associated with the development of a positive scintiscan. The results show that false-negative results are infrequent in patientsmore » imaged early after OHS, and that cardiac surgical procedures do not cause a high incidence of false-positive scintigrams. Consequently, radionuclide imaging for AMI offers an important adjunct for excluding acute infarction following open heart surgery.« less
  • The utility of a macromolecular, intravascular contrast agent, albumin-gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), for the differentiation of acutely ischemic and reperfused myocardium on magnetic resonance (MR) images was investigated. Regional, reversible myocardial ischemia was produced in rats and confirmed. After reperfusion, flow to the compromised myocardial segment returned to baseline. Normal myocardium could not be differentiated from ischemic myocardium on nonenhanced MR images (n = 12). After 5 minutes of myocardial ischemia and after administration of albumin-Gd-DTPA, the ischemic zone involving the free wall of the left ventricle was characterized by the absence of significant enhancement. Normal myocardium appeared homogeneously enhancedmore » (by 145%). This pattern persisted for up to 1 hour of myocardial ischemia. In six rats that underwent myocardial reperfusion after 5 minutes of ischemia, the normal and reperfused myocardium became isointense. Radiotracer studies with albumin-Gd-153-DTPA confirmed the decreased distribution of contrast agent to the ischemic myocardium, possibly due to decreased blood pool or a blocked primary delivery system in the ischemic myocardium.« less
  • To test the hypothesis that single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of /sup 99m/Tc-pyrophosphate (/sup 99m/Tc-PPi) with and without the overlay of tomographic blood pool scintigrams might detect small infarcts not identified by planar imaging, 52 patients were studied 3.2 +/- 2.0(SD) days after hospital admission for suspected acute myocardial infarction. Patients were chosen prospectively for tomographic study primarily, but not exclusively, because planar four-view imaging with /sup 99m/Tc-PPi was either negative or equivocal. SPECT was performed with a commercial rotating detector system immediately after planar imaging on one occasion. Corresponding /sup 99m/Tc-PPi and blood pool sections were mapped into oppositemore » halves of a bichromic color table and displayed as an overlay. Planar images, SPECT and SPECT with blood pool overlay were interpreted separately and in random order without knowledge of clinical data. Seventeen patients had transmural infarcts (four anterior, 13 inferior), 19 had nontransmural infarcts, and 16 patients did not have acute myocardial infarction. The sensitivity of SPECT with blood pool overlay was significantly better than planar imaging for the entire group with myocardial infarction (97% vs 78%; p less than .025); this was primarily due to increased sensitivity in the detection of nontransmural myocardial infarction (95% vs 67%; p less than .05), although in one additional patient inferior transmural myocardial infarction was also detected by the SPECT overlay technique. The specificities of the SPECT overlay technique and planar imaging were not significantly different; however, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed enhanced observer confidence with the tomographic method. SPECT without overlay was intermediate in sensitivity and specificity.« less