skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pair momentum

Abstract

The features of the Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pairing momentum are analyzed. Response to a weak magnetic field is calculated for various cases covering a pair momentum range from q << {delta}/v{sub 0} to q {approx} p{sub 0}, including q = {delta}{sub 0}/v{sub 0} (v{sub 0} is the velocity on the Fermi surface and {delta}{sub 0} is the order parameter at zero temperature; the system of units where {Dirac_h} = 1 is used). The response of a superconductor carrying the transport current at a temperature close to the critical temperature T{sub c} is determined. It is shown that, at a certain critical momentum (current), the response parallel to the momentum vanishes and the London length is infinite. The response perpendicular to the momentum remains unchanged. The response of the superconductor in the current state at zero temperature is calculated. A new contribution to the paramagnetic current is found, and its mechanism is determined. This contribution can be large for high momenta q {approx} p{sub 0}. The Meissner effect is analyzed in detail for the state proposed by Larkin and Ovchinnikov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1136 (1964) [Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 762 (1964)], as well as bymore » Fulde and Ferrel, Phys. Rev. A 135, 550 (1964). It is shown that the response parallel to the vector q is nonzero and diamagnetic. On the contrary, the response perpendicular to the momentum vanishes at the optimal momentum q{sub 0}. The sensitivity of the Meissner effect to the fine features of the superconducting state such as the quasiparticle spectrum, coherent factors, etc. is demonstrated.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University) (Russian Federation), E-mail: VEF@supercon.mephi.ru
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21072471
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1134/S1063776107050160; Copyright (c) 2007 Nauka/Interperiodica; Article Copyright (c) 2007 Pleiades Publishing, Inc; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHARGE TRANSPORT; CRITICAL TEMPERATURE; FERMI LEVEL; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MEISSNER-OCHSENFELD EFFECT; ORDER PARAMETERS; PARAMAGNETISM; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS

Citation Formats

Elesin, V. F.. Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pair momentum. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1134/S1063776107050160.
Elesin, V. F.. Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pair momentum. United States. doi:10.1134/S1063776107050160.
Elesin, V. F.. Tue . "Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pair momentum". United States. doi:10.1134/S1063776107050160.
@article{osti_21072471,
title = {Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pair momentum},
author = {Elesin, V. F.},
abstractNote = {The features of the Meissner effect in superconductors with a finite pairing momentum are analyzed. Response to a weak magnetic field is calculated for various cases covering a pair momentum range from q << {delta}/v{sub 0} to q {approx} p{sub 0}, including q = {delta}{sub 0}/v{sub 0} (v{sub 0} is the velocity on the Fermi surface and {delta}{sub 0} is the order parameter at zero temperature; the system of units where {Dirac_h} = 1 is used). The response of a superconductor carrying the transport current at a temperature close to the critical temperature T{sub c} is determined. It is shown that, at a certain critical momentum (current), the response parallel to the momentum vanishes and the London length is infinite. The response perpendicular to the momentum remains unchanged. The response of the superconductor in the current state at zero temperature is calculated. A new contribution to the paramagnetic current is found, and its mechanism is determined. This contribution can be large for high momenta q {approx} p{sub 0}. The Meissner effect is analyzed in detail for the state proposed by Larkin and Ovchinnikov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1136 (1964) [Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 762 (1964)], as well as by Fulde and Ferrel, Phys. Rev. A 135, 550 (1964). It is shown that the response parallel to the vector q is nonzero and diamagnetic. On the contrary, the response perpendicular to the momentum vanishes at the optimal momentum q{sub 0}. The sensitivity of the Meissner effect to the fine features of the superconducting state such as the quasiparticle spectrum, coherent factors, etc. is demonstrated.},
doi = {10.1134/S1063776107050160},
journal = {Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}