# Homogenization of Non-Linear Variational Problems with Thin Low-Conducting Layers

## Abstract

This paper deals with the homogenization of a sequence of non-linear conductivity energies in a bounded open set {omega} of R{sup d}, for d {>=}3. The energy density is of the same order as a{sub {epsilon}}(x/{epsilon})|Du(x)|{sup p}, where {epsilon}{yields}0,a{sub {epsilon}} is periodic, u is a vector-valued function in W{sup 1,p}({omega}{sup ;}R{sup m}) and p>1. The conductivity a{sub {epsilon}} is equal to 1 in the 'hard' phases composed by N{>=}2 two by two disjoint-closure periodic sets while a{sub {epsilon}} tends uniformly to 0 in the 'soft' phases composed by periodic thin layers which separate the hard phases. We prove that the limit energy, according to {gamma}-convergence, is a multi-phase functional equal to the sum of the homogenized energies (of order 1) induced by the hard phases plus an interaction energy (of order 0) due to the soft phases. The number of limit phases is less than or equal to N and is obtained by evaluating the {gamma}-limit of the rescaled energy of density {epsilon}{sup -p}a{sub {epsilon}}(y)|Dv(y)|{sup p} in the torus. Therefore, the homogenization result is achieved by a double {gamma}-convergence procedure since the cell problem depends on {epsilon}.

- Authors:

- Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 (Italy), E-mail: braides@mat.uniroma2.it
- Centre de Mathematiques, I.N.S.A. de Rennes and I.R.M.A.R., 20 avenue des Buttes de Coesmes, 35043 (France), E-mail: mbriane@insa-rennes.fr

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 21067414

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: Applied Mathematics and Optimization; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: DOI: 10.1007/s00245-006-0861-6; Copyright (c) 2007 Springer; www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CONVERGENCE; ENERGY DENSITY; FUNCTIONS; LAYERS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PERIODICITY; THIN FILMS; VARIATIONAL METHODS; VECTORS

### Citation Formats

```
Braides, Andrea, and Briane, Marc.
```*Homogenization of Non-Linear Variational Problems with Thin Low-Conducting Layers*. United States: N. p., 2007.
Web. doi:10.1007/S00245-006-0861-6.

```
Braides, Andrea, & Briane, Marc.
```*Homogenization of Non-Linear Variational Problems with Thin Low-Conducting Layers*. United States. doi:10.1007/S00245-006-0861-6.

```
Braides, Andrea, and Briane, Marc. Mon .
"Homogenization of Non-Linear Variational Problems with Thin Low-Conducting Layers". United States.
doi:10.1007/S00245-006-0861-6.
```

```
@article{osti_21067414,
```

title = {Homogenization of Non-Linear Variational Problems with Thin Low-Conducting Layers},

author = {Braides, Andrea and Briane, Marc},

abstractNote = {This paper deals with the homogenization of a sequence of non-linear conductivity energies in a bounded open set {omega} of R{sup d}, for d {>=}3. The energy density is of the same order as a{sub {epsilon}}(x/{epsilon})|Du(x)|{sup p}, where {epsilon}{yields}0,a{sub {epsilon}} is periodic, u is a vector-valued function in W{sup 1,p}({omega}{sup ;}R{sup m}) and p>1. The conductivity a{sub {epsilon}} is equal to 1 in the 'hard' phases composed by N{>=}2 two by two disjoint-closure periodic sets while a{sub {epsilon}} tends uniformly to 0 in the 'soft' phases composed by periodic thin layers which separate the hard phases. We prove that the limit energy, according to {gamma}-convergence, is a multi-phase functional equal to the sum of the homogenized energies (of order 1) induced by the hard phases plus an interaction energy (of order 0) due to the soft phases. The number of limit phases is less than or equal to N and is obtained by evaluating the {gamma}-limit of the rescaled energy of density {epsilon}{sup -p}a{sub {epsilon}}(y)|Dv(y)|{sup p} in the torus. Therefore, the homogenization result is achieved by a double {gamma}-convergence procedure since the cell problem depends on {epsilon}.},

doi = {10.1007/S00245-006-0861-6},

journal = {Applied Mathematics and Optimization},

number = 1,

volume = 55,

place = {United States},

year = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007},

month = {Mon Jan 15 00:00:00 EST 2007}

}