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Title: Residual Stress In Sheet Metal Parts Made By Incremental Forming Process

Abstract

Incremental sheet metal forming, which uses a CNC forming stylus, is new flexible forming process not requiring the use of any expensive dies. We have applied the incremental forming process to dental prosthesis. This new process, however, posed difficult problems. After removing the outer portion of the incremental formed sheet metal part, the inner part is distorted. In this paper, the residual stress in the sheet metal part obtained by incremental forward stretch forming operations has been examined. Numerical simulations were conducted for solid elements. When small rigid ball slides on the metal sheet with a certain vertical feed, tension residual stress is produced in the upper layer of the sheet and compression stress in the lower. Then, the resultant moments throughout the sheet cause negative spring-back when the outer portion is removed. A systematic study of the behavior was conducted in this paper. Parameters considered included the tool radius and the vertical tool feed rate. The tip radius of forming stylus has a significant influence on the residual stress. The smaller radius of forming stylus, the larger bending force becomes. And new process with double forming styluses is examined to reduce the bending force.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Faculty of Engineering, University of Shizuoka, 432-8561 Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka (Japan)
  2. Faculty of Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 113-8549 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21061756
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 908; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NUMIFORM 2007: 9. international conference on numerical methods in industrial forming processes, Porto (Portugal), 17-21 Jun 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2740904; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALLOYS; BENDING; COMPRESSION; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; LAYERS; MATERIALS WORKING; METALS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; RESIDUAL STRESSES; SHEETS; SOLIDS

Citation Formats

Tanaka, Shigekazu, Nakamura, Tamotsu, Hayakawa, Kunio, Nakamura, Hideo, and Motomura, Kazuo. Residual Stress In Sheet Metal Parts Made By Incremental Forming Process. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2740904.
Tanaka, Shigekazu, Nakamura, Tamotsu, Hayakawa, Kunio, Nakamura, Hideo, & Motomura, Kazuo. Residual Stress In Sheet Metal Parts Made By Incremental Forming Process. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740904.
Tanaka, Shigekazu, Nakamura, Tamotsu, Hayakawa, Kunio, Nakamura, Hideo, and Motomura, Kazuo. Thu . "Residual Stress In Sheet Metal Parts Made By Incremental Forming Process". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740904.
@article{osti_21061756,
title = {Residual Stress In Sheet Metal Parts Made By Incremental Forming Process},
author = {Tanaka, Shigekazu and Nakamura, Tamotsu and Hayakawa, Kunio and Nakamura, Hideo and Motomura, Kazuo},
abstractNote = {Incremental sheet metal forming, which uses a CNC forming stylus, is new flexible forming process not requiring the use of any expensive dies. We have applied the incremental forming process to dental prosthesis. This new process, however, posed difficult problems. After removing the outer portion of the incremental formed sheet metal part, the inner part is distorted. In this paper, the residual stress in the sheet metal part obtained by incremental forward stretch forming operations has been examined. Numerical simulations were conducted for solid elements. When small rigid ball slides on the metal sheet with a certain vertical feed, tension residual stress is produced in the upper layer of the sheet and compression stress in the lower. Then, the resultant moments throughout the sheet cause negative spring-back when the outer portion is removed. A systematic study of the behavior was conducted in this paper. Parameters considered included the tool radius and the vertical tool feed rate. The tip radius of forming stylus has a significant influence on the residual stress. The smaller radius of forming stylus, the larger bending force becomes. And new process with double forming styluses is examined to reduce the bending force.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2740904},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 908,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • A characteristic of incremental sheet metal forming is that much higher deformations can be achieved than conventional forming limits. In this paper it is investigated to which extent the highly non-monotonic strain paths during such a process may be responsible for this high formability. A Marciniak-Kuczynski (MK) model is used to predict the onset of necking of a sheet subjected to the strain paths obtained by finite-element simulations. The predicted forming limits are considerably higher than for monotonic loading, but still lower than the experimental ones. This discrepancy is attributed to the strain gradient over the sheet thickness, which ismore » not taken into account in the currently used MK model.« less
  • Within the scope of this article a decoupling algorithm to reduce computing time in Finite Element Analyses of incremental forming processes will be investigated. Based on the given position of the small forming zone, the presented algorithm aims at separating a Finite Element Model in an elastic and an elasto-plastic deformation zone. Including the elastic response of the structure by means of model simplifications, the costly iteration in the elasto-plastic zone can be restricted to the small forming zone and to few supporting elements in order to reduce computation time. Since the forming zone moves along the specimen, an updatemore » of both, forming zone with elastic boundary and supporting structure, is needed after several increments.The presented paper discusses the algorithmic implementation of the approach and introduces several strategies to implement the denoted elastic boundary condition at the boundary of the plastic forming zone.« less
  • One main influence on the dimensional accuracy in robot based incremental sheet metal forming results from the compliance of the involved robot structures. Compared to conventional machine tools the low stiffness of the robot's kinematic results in a significant deviation of the planned tool path and therefore in a shape of insufficient quality. To predict and compensate these deviations offline, a model based approach, consisting of a finite element approach, to simulate the sheet forming, and a multi body system, modeling the compliant robot structure, has been developed. This paper describes the implementation and experimental verification of the multi bodymore » system model and its included compensation method.« less
  • Titanium and its alloys are difficult to form at room temperature due to their high flow stress. Super plastic deformation of Ti alloys involves low strain rate forming at very high temperatures which need special tooling which can withstand high temperatures. It was observed that when high current density electric pulse is applied during deformation it reduces the flow stress through electron-dislocation interaction. This phenomenon is known as electro-plasticity. In the present work, importance of tool configuration to enhance the formability without much resistive heating is demonstrated for Incremental Sheet Metal Forming (ISMF). Tool configuration is selected to minimize themore » current carrying zone in DC pulse aided incremental forming to enhance the formability due to electro plasticity and the same is demonstrated by forming two pyramid shaped components of 30° and 45° wall angles using a Titanium alloy sheet of 0.6 mm thickness. Load measurement indicated that a critical current density is essential for the electro-plasticity to be effective and the same is realized with the load and temperature measurements.« less