skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Study of Titanium Alloy Sheet During H-sectioned Rolling Forming Using the Taguchi Method

Abstract

This study employs commercial DEFORM three-dimensional finite element code to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy sheet during the H-sectioned rolling process. The simulations are based on a rigid-plastic model and assume that the upper and lower rolls are rigid bodies and that the temperature rise induced during rolling is sufficiently small that it can be ignored. The effects of the roll profile, the friction factor between the rolls and the titanium alloy, the rolling temperature and the roll radii on the rolling force, the roll torque and the effective strain induced in the rolled product are examined. The Taguchi method is employed to optimize the H-sectioned rolling process parameters. The results confirm the effectiveness of this robust design methodology in optimizing the H-sectioned rolling process parameters for the current Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Industrial Education and Technology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua 500, Taiwan (China)
  2. Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21061732
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 908; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NUMIFORM 2007: 9. international conference on numerical methods in industrial forming processes, Porto (Portugal), 17-21 Jun 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2740876; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; D CODES; DESIGN; ENGINEERING; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; FRICTION FACTOR; OPTIMIZATION; PLASTICITY; ROLLING; SHEETS; STRAINS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TITANIUM ALLOYS; TORQUE; VANADIUM ALLOYS

Citation Formats

Chen, D.-C., Gu, W.-S., and Hwang, Y.-M. Study of Titanium Alloy Sheet During H-sectioned Rolling Forming Using the Taguchi Method. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2740876.
Chen, D.-C., Gu, W.-S., & Hwang, Y.-M. Study of Titanium Alloy Sheet During H-sectioned Rolling Forming Using the Taguchi Method. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740876.
Chen, D.-C., Gu, W.-S., and Hwang, Y.-M. Thu . "Study of Titanium Alloy Sheet During H-sectioned Rolling Forming Using the Taguchi Method". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740876.
@article{osti_21061732,
title = {Study of Titanium Alloy Sheet During H-sectioned Rolling Forming Using the Taguchi Method},
author = {Chen, D.-C. and Gu, W.-S. and Hwang, Y.-M.},
abstractNote = {This study employs commercial DEFORM three-dimensional finite element code to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy sheet during the H-sectioned rolling process. The simulations are based on a rigid-plastic model and assume that the upper and lower rolls are rigid bodies and that the temperature rise induced during rolling is sufficiently small that it can be ignored. The effects of the roll profile, the friction factor between the rolls and the titanium alloy, the rolling temperature and the roll radii on the rolling force, the roll torque and the effective strain induced in the rolled product are examined. The Taguchi method is employed to optimize the H-sectioned rolling process parameters. The results confirm the effectiveness of this robust design methodology in optimizing the H-sectioned rolling process parameters for the current Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2740876},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 908,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • Deformation behavior and microstructure development during hot pack rolling of the near-gamma titanium aluminide alloy Ti-45.5Al-2Cr-2Nb (atomic percent) were established. Deformation behavior was investigated through rolling at various nominal furnace temperatures and parallel modeling studies using a finite difference approach to predict temperature transients during workpiece transfer from the furnace and during the rolling operation itself. Agreement between measured rolling pressures and predictions based on a rule-of-mixtures (ROM) average of the flow stresses of the pack components (at the predicted temperatures and strain rates within the roll gap) was excellent. As-rolled microstructures were interpreted in terms of the Ti-xAl-2Cr-2Nb pseudomore » binary phase diagram, predicted temperature transients during rolling, and the static (no deformation) phase-transformation behavior of the program material. These results demonstrated the strong influence of furnace preheat temperature on microstructure development, as well as the tendency for temperature transients due to radiation heat losses and roll chilling to suppress phase transformations.« less
  • Electromagnetic sheet metal forming is a high speed forming process using pulsed magnetic fields to form metals with high electrical conductivity such as aluminum. Thereby, workpiece velocities of more than 300 m/s are achievable, which can cause difficulties when forming into a die: the kinetic energy, which is related to the workpiece velocity, must dissipate in a short time slot when the workpiece hits the die; otherwise undesired effects, for example rebound, can occur. One possibility to handle this shortcoming is to locally increase the stiffness of the workpiece. In order to be able to estimate the local stiffness amore » method is presented which is based on a modal analysis by means of the Finite-Element-Method. For this reason, it is necessary to fractionize the considered geometries into a part-dependent number of segments. These are subsequently analyzed separately to determine regions of low geometrical stiffness. Combined with the process knowledge concerning the velocity distribution within the workpiece over the time, a prediction of the feasibility of the forming process and a target-oriented design of the workpiece geometry will be possible. Numerical results are compared with experimental investigations.« less
  • Purpose: This study utilizes the Taguchi Method to evaluate the VMAT planning parameters of single isocenter treatment plans for multiple brain metastases. An optimization model based on Taguchi and utility concept is employed to optimize the planning parameters including: arc arrangement, calculation grid size, calculation model, and beam energy on multiple performance characteristics namely conformity index and dose to normal brain. Methods: Treatment plans, each with 4 metastatic brain lesions were planned using single isocenter technique. The collimator angles were optimized to avoid open areas. In this analysis four planning parameters (a–d) were considered: (a)-Arc arrangements: set1: Gantry 181cw179 couch0;more » gantry179ccw0, couch315; and gantry0ccw181, couch45. set2: set1 plus additional arc: Gantry 0cw179, couch270. (b)-Energy: 6-MV; 6MV-FFF (c)-Calculation grid size: 1mm; 1.5mm (d)-Calculation models: AAA; Acuros Treatment planning was performed in Varian Eclipse (ver.11.0.30). A suitable orthogonal array was selected (L8) to perform the experiments. After conducting the experiments with the combinations of planning parameters the conformity index (CI) and the normal brain dose S/N ratio for each parameter was calculated. Optimum levels for the multiple response optimizations were determined. Results: We determined that the factors most affecting the conformity index are arc arrangement and beam energy. These tests were also used to evaluate dose to normal brain. In these evaluations, the significant parameters were grid size and calculation model. Using the utility concept we determined the combination of each of the four factors tested in this study that most significantly influence quality of the resulting treatment plans: (a)-arc arrangement-set2, (b)-6MV, (c)-calc.grid 1mm, (d)-Acuros algorithm. Overall, the dominant significant influences on plan quality are (a)-arcarrangement, and (b)-beamenergy. Conclusion: Results were analyzed using ANOVA and were found to be within the confidence interval. Further investigation using this methodology. Such parameters might include: virtual OAR and optimization criterion such as normal tissue objective.« less