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Title: Finite Element Simulation Of Magnesium AZ31 Alloy Sheet In Warm Hydroforming

Abstract

Hydroforming of magnesium (Mg) alloy sheet metal offers the possibility to form geometrically complex sheet metal parts that are applicable within automotive and electronic industry etc. However, due to the limited formability of Mg alloy at ambient temperature hydroforming of Mg alloy sheet metal has to be conducted at elevated temperature. In the present study an experimental warm hydroforming process using a low melting point alloy as forming medium is presented and on the basis of this a 2D thermo-mechanical finite element model is setup in order to analyze the temperature distribution in the Mg alloy workpiece during forming. The results show that the temperature in the workpiece is nearly uniform and nearly identical to the temperature of the forming medium.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Production, Aalborg University, Fibigerstraede 16, 9220 Aalborg (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21061725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 908; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: NUMIFORM 2007: 9. international conference on numerical methods in industrial forming processes, Porto (Portugal), 17-21 Jun 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2740868; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; MAGNESIUM; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; MELTING POINTS; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION; THERMOMECHANICAL TREATMENTS

Citation Formats

Steffensen, Mikkel, and Danckert, Joachim. Finite Element Simulation Of Magnesium AZ31 Alloy Sheet In Warm Hydroforming. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2740868.
Steffensen, Mikkel, & Danckert, Joachim. Finite Element Simulation Of Magnesium AZ31 Alloy Sheet In Warm Hydroforming. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740868.
Steffensen, Mikkel, and Danckert, Joachim. Thu . "Finite Element Simulation Of Magnesium AZ31 Alloy Sheet In Warm Hydroforming". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740868.
@article{osti_21061725,
title = {Finite Element Simulation Of Magnesium AZ31 Alloy Sheet In Warm Hydroforming},
author = {Steffensen, Mikkel and Danckert, Joachim},
abstractNote = {Hydroforming of magnesium (Mg) alloy sheet metal offers the possibility to form geometrically complex sheet metal parts that are applicable within automotive and electronic industry etc. However, due to the limited formability of Mg alloy at ambient temperature hydroforming of Mg alloy sheet metal has to be conducted at elevated temperature. In the present study an experimental warm hydroforming process using a low melting point alloy as forming medium is presented and on the basis of this a 2D thermo-mechanical finite element model is setup in order to analyze the temperature distribution in the Mg alloy workpiece during forming. The results show that the temperature in the workpiece is nearly uniform and nearly identical to the temperature of the forming medium.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2740868},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 908,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 17 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • AZ31 magnesium alloy sheet with good shape and formability is fabricated by warm cross rolling. Uniaxial tensile tests are conducted using a Gleeble 3500 thermal - mechanical simulator, and the mechanical properties of AZ31 magnesium alloy sheet are analyzed. A warm deep drawing process of square part is also simulated by the finite element method. The influences of blank holder force on the formability are numerically investigated. A double-action hydraulic press that can realize adjustable blank holder forces is developed and its working principle and control system are introduced. Some warm deep drawing experiments of square parts of AZ31 magnesiummore » alloy sheet are also performed. Different variation schemes of the blank holder force with the stroke of the punch are tested, and the experiment results are compared. Results show that the suitable blank holder force variation scheme is a ladder curve with the punch stroke. Adopting the variable blank holder force technique can improve 13.2% of the drawing depth of square parts of AZ31 magnesium alloy sheet.« less
  • Magnesium alloys, as one of the lightest metal structural materials, are attracting more and more attention. At present, most of Mg alloy products are manufactured by die casting. For enlarging the applications of Mg alloys, many researchers are engaged in developing its plastic forming technology. However, the study on warm sheet hydroforming of Mg alloy is rarely reported. Therefore, a set of warm sheet hydroforming tools was designed for experimental research on the hydroforming of rectangular Mg alloy cups with a step cavity. The corners of the deeper cavity are difficult to form directly because of the severe stretching. Multi-stagemore » hydroforming method was used to improve the sheet thickness reduction in the corners of the deeper cavity. Several different two-stage hydroforming methods were realized by elastic-plastic finite element simulation. According to the results of finite element simulation, the influence of forming methods on the minimum thickness of formed parts and the reasons were analyzed, and the optimal process for the rectangular Mg alloy cup with a step cavity was determined.« less
  • In this paper, a constitutive framework based on a crystalline plasticity model is employed to simulate the plastic deformation of AZ31 magnesium alloy, which posses the hexagonal close packed (HCP) crystal structure. Dislocation slip and mechanical twinning are taken into account in the model. The successive integration method is used to determine the active slip systems, and the contribution of twinning to the grain reorientation is treated by the PTR method. The FE model is introduced into ABAQUS/Explicit through a user material subroutine (VUMAT). Three deformation processes of AZ31 magnesium alloy, including tension, compression and a stamping process, are simulatedmore » with the present method. The simulation results are compared with experiment and those presented in the literature.« less
  • Recently, magnesium alloys have been widely applied in automotive and electronic industries as the lightest weight structural and functional materials. Warm forming of magnesium alloys has attracted much attention due to the very poor formability of Mg alloys at room temperature. The formability of magnesium alloy sheet at elevated temperature is significantly affected by the processing parameters. Among them the forming temperature, the punch speed, the geometrical shape of the blank, the blank holder force and the lubrication are probably the most relevant. In this research, the deep drawing of rectangular cups with AZ31 sheets was conducted at elevated temperaturesmore » with different process parameters. The finite element analyses were performed to investigate the effects of the process parameters on the formability of rectangular cup drawing and to predict the process defects during the process. The material yield condition was modeled using the isotropic Von Mises criterion. The flow stress data were obtained from tensile tests.« less
  • Magnesium alloy sheets exhibit strong inelastic response during unloading. In this study crystal plasticity finite element analysis of loading-unloading behaviour during uniaxial tension in a rolled magnesium alloy sheet was carried out, and the mechanism of this inelastic response was examined in detail in terms of macroscopic and mesoscopic deformations. The unloading behaviour obtained by the simulation was in good agreement with the experiment in terms of variation with stress of instantaneous tangent modulus during unloading. Variations of activities of each family of slip systems during the deformation showed that the activation of basal slip systems is the largest duringmore » unloading, and the slip direction during unloading is opposite from during loading. These results indicated that one of the factors of the inelastic behaviour during unloading is the fact that the basal slip systems are easily activated during unloading because of their low strengths.« less