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Title: Medical X-ray Imaging by MIRRORCLE-6X

Abstract

The portable synchrotron 'MIRRORCLE-6X' provides hard x-rays with high brightness and wide energy spectrum ranging from 10-300 keV, emitted from a micron-sized source, with wide divergence of {+-} 85 mrad. Correspondingly, images obtained using the 'MIRRORCLE-6X' showed significantly improved characteristics compared to conventional x-ray tube images, namely, improved refraction contrast, high resolution, and high magnification. Thus, the 'MIRRORCLE-6X' is considered to be a novel medical imaging source.A magnified image of a chest phantom, wherein a urethane ball of 8 mm diameter was implanted as an imitation of a cancer, was obtained. The detector used was an imaging-plate (Fujifilm imaging plate, FCR ST-IV) with 150 {mu}m pixel size. The phantom and the detector were respectively set at 50 cm and 540 cm from the x-ray source, so that the magnification was 10.8x. The x-ray source was a Cu 25 {mu}m rod. The resolution was about 25 {mu}m. Images with such high resolution and magnification cannot be obtained by conventional x-ray tubes with a source size of mm order. We can see the edges of costae and of the urethane ball at the back of the costae by the refraction contrast effect. Furthermore, we also see blood vessels surrounding the urethane ball.more » White spots, which are cross sections of blood vessels, were also observed. Therefore, observations of the shape of a cancer without surgical resection should be possible, and accurate diagnosis can be given using the 'MIRRORCLE-6X'.« less

Authors:
;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]; ; ;  [4]
  1. Department of Photonics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Synchrotron Light Life Science Center, Ritsumeikan Univ. (Japan)
  2. Department of Photonics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University (Japan)
  3. Photon Production Laboratory, Ltd (Japan)
  4. Department of Radiology, Shiga University of Medical Science (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21056948
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 902; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 2. international symposium on portable synchrotron light sources and advanced applications, Shiga (Japan), 15-17 Jan 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2723618; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; BLOOD VESSELS; DIAGNOSIS; ENERGY SPECTRA; HARD X RADIATION; IMAGES; KEV RANGE; NEOPLASMS; PHANTOMS; PHOTON EMISSION; PORTABLE SOURCES; REFRACTION; RESOLUTION; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION; SYNCHROTRONS; URETHANE; X-RAY RADIOGRAPHY; X-RAY SOURCES

Citation Formats

Sasaki, M., Yamada, H., Hirai, T., Takaku, J., Morita, M., Nitta, T., Takahashi, M., and Murata, K. Medical X-ray Imaging by MIRRORCLE-6X. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2723618.
Sasaki, M., Yamada, H., Hirai, T., Takaku, J., Morita, M., Nitta, T., Takahashi, M., & Murata, K. Medical X-ray Imaging by MIRRORCLE-6X. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2723618.
Sasaki, M., Yamada, H., Hirai, T., Takaku, J., Morita, M., Nitta, T., Takahashi, M., and Murata, K. Fri . "Medical X-ray Imaging by MIRRORCLE-6X". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2723618.
@article{osti_21056948,
title = {Medical X-ray Imaging by MIRRORCLE-6X},
author = {Sasaki, M. and Yamada, H. and Hirai, T. and Takaku, J. and Morita, M. and Nitta, T. and Takahashi, M. and Murata, K.},
abstractNote = {The portable synchrotron 'MIRRORCLE-6X' provides hard x-rays with high brightness and wide energy spectrum ranging from 10-300 keV, emitted from a micron-sized source, with wide divergence of {+-} 85 mrad. Correspondingly, images obtained using the 'MIRRORCLE-6X' showed significantly improved characteristics compared to conventional x-ray tube images, namely, improved refraction contrast, high resolution, and high magnification. Thus, the 'MIRRORCLE-6X' is considered to be a novel medical imaging source.A magnified image of a chest phantom, wherein a urethane ball of 8 mm diameter was implanted as an imitation of a cancer, was obtained. The detector used was an imaging-plate (Fujifilm imaging plate, FCR ST-IV) with 150 {mu}m pixel size. The phantom and the detector were respectively set at 50 cm and 540 cm from the x-ray source, so that the magnification was 10.8x. The x-ray source was a Cu 25 {mu}m rod. The resolution was about 25 {mu}m. Images with such high resolution and magnification cannot be obtained by conventional x-ray tubes with a source size of mm order. We can see the edges of costae and of the urethane ball at the back of the costae by the refraction contrast effect. Furthermore, we also see blood vessels surrounding the urethane ball. White spots, which are cross sections of blood vessels, were also observed. Therefore, observations of the shape of a cancer without surgical resection should be possible, and accurate diagnosis can be given using the 'MIRRORCLE-6X'.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2723618},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 902,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Fri Mar 30 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}