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Title: Redox Reaction in Silicate Melts Monitored by ''Static'' In-Situ Fe K-Edge XANES up to 1180 deg. C

Abstract

A new experimental setup to measure in-situ kinetics of redox reactions in silicate melts is presented. To study the progress of the Fe-redox reaction, the variation of the signal is recorded at an energy, where the difference between the spectra of the oxidized and reduced Fe in the melt is largest (''static XANES''). To control the redox conditions, the gas atmosphere could be changed between to types of gases using computer-controlled valves (N2:H2 and air, respectively). In this way, a number of reduction/oxidation cycles can be monitored in-situ and continuously. Applied at the Fe K-edge in molten silicates, we obtained a set of high quality data, which includes the very first steps of the redox reaction. An Avrami-type equation is used to investigate rate-controlling parameters for the iron oxidation/reduction kinetics for two melts (basaltic and Na trisilicate) for temperatures up to 1180 deg. C.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Institut fuer Geowissenschaften Universitaet Potsdam, D-14415 Potsdam (Germany)
  2. Mineralogisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, INF 236, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB at DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany)
  4. Laboratoire de Mineralogie (USM 201), Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CNRS UMR 7160 (Mineralogie-Petrologie), 61 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris (France)
  5. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21054617
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 882; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: XAFS13: 13. international conference on X-ray absorption fine structure, Stanford, CA (United States), 9-14 Jul 2006; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2644505; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; IRON; OXIDATION; REACTION KINETICS; REDOX REACTIONS; REDUCTION; SILICATES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VARIATIONS; X-RAY SPECTRA; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Wilke, Max, Partzsch, Georg M., Welter, Edmund, Farges, Francois, and Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-2115. Redox Reaction in Silicate Melts Monitored by ''Static'' In-Situ Fe K-Edge XANES up to 1180 deg. C. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2644505.
Wilke, Max, Partzsch, Georg M., Welter, Edmund, Farges, Francois, & Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-2115. Redox Reaction in Silicate Melts Monitored by ''Static'' In-Situ Fe K-Edge XANES up to 1180 deg. C. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2644505.
Wilke, Max, Partzsch, Georg M., Welter, Edmund, Farges, Francois, and Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-2115. Fri . "Redox Reaction in Silicate Melts Monitored by ''Static'' In-Situ Fe K-Edge XANES up to 1180 deg. C". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2644505.
@article{osti_21054617,
title = {Redox Reaction in Silicate Melts Monitored by ''Static'' In-Situ Fe K-Edge XANES up to 1180 deg. C},
author = {Wilke, Max and Partzsch, Georg M. and Welter, Edmund and Farges, Francois and Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-2115},
abstractNote = {A new experimental setup to measure in-situ kinetics of redox reactions in silicate melts is presented. To study the progress of the Fe-redox reaction, the variation of the signal is recorded at an energy, where the difference between the spectra of the oxidized and reduced Fe in the melt is largest (''static XANES''). To control the redox conditions, the gas atmosphere could be changed between to types of gases using computer-controlled valves (N2:H2 and air, respectively). In this way, a number of reduction/oxidation cycles can be monitored in-situ and continuously. Applied at the Fe K-edge in molten silicates, we obtained a set of high quality data, which includes the very first steps of the redox reaction. An Avrami-type equation is used to investigate rate-controlling parameters for the iron oxidation/reduction kinetics for two melts (basaltic and Na trisilicate) for temperatures up to 1180 deg. C.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2644505},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 882,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Fri Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}