# FTL Quantum Models of the Photon and the Electron

## Abstract

A photon is modeled by an uncharged superluminal quantum moving at 1.414c along an open 45-degree helical trajectory with radius R = {lambda}/2{pi} (where {lambda} is the helical pitch or wavelength). A mostly superluminal spatial model of an electron is composed of a charged pointlike quantum circulating at an extremely high frequency ( 2.5 x 1020 hz) in a closed, double-looped hehcal trajectory whose helical pitch is one Compton wavelength h/mc. The quantum has energy and momentum but not rest mass, so its speed is not limited by c. sThe quantum's speed is superluminal 57% of the time and subluminal 43% of the time, passing through c twice in each trajectory cycle. The quantum's maximum speed in the electron's rest frame is 2.515c and its minimum speed is .707c. The electron model's helical trajectory parameters are selected to produce the electron's spin ({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2 and approximate (without small QED corrections) magnetic moment e({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2m (the Bohr magneton {mu}B) as well as its Dirac equation-related 'jittery motion' angular frequency 2mc2/({Dirac_h}/2{pi}), amplitude ({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2mc and internal speed c. The two possible helicities of the electron model correspond to the electron and the positron. With these models, an electron is like a closed circulating photon. Themore »

- Authors:

- Engineering and Physics Department, Santa Rosa Junior College, Santa Rosa, CA 95401 (United States)

- Publication Date:

- OSTI Identifier:
- 21054530

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Resource Relation:
- Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 880; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International forum-STAIF 2007: 11. conference on thermophysics applications in microgravity; 24. symposium on space nuclear power and propulsion; 5. conference on human/robotic technology and the vision for space exploration; 5. symposium on space colonization; 4. symposium on new frontiers and future concepts, Albuquerque, NM (United States), 11-15 Feb 2007; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2437555; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; AMPLITUDES; COMPTON WAVELENGTH; CORRECTIONS; DIRAC EQUATION; ELECTRONS; HELICITY; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MOMENT OF INERTIA; PHOTONS; POSITRONS; QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS; REST MASS; SPIN; VELOCITY; WAVELENGTHS

### Citation Formats

```
Gauthier, Richard F.
```*FTL Quantum Models of the Photon and the Electron*. United States: N. p., 2007.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.2437555.

```
Gauthier, Richard F.
```*FTL Quantum Models of the Photon and the Electron*. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2437555.

```
Gauthier, Richard F. Tue .
"FTL Quantum Models of the Photon and the Electron". United States.
doi:10.1063/1.2437555.
```

```
@article{osti_21054530,
```

title = {FTL Quantum Models of the Photon and the Electron},

author = {Gauthier, Richard F.},

abstractNote = {A photon is modeled by an uncharged superluminal quantum moving at 1.414c along an open 45-degree helical trajectory with radius R = {lambda}/2{pi} (where {lambda} is the helical pitch or wavelength). A mostly superluminal spatial model of an electron is composed of a charged pointlike quantum circulating at an extremely high frequency ( 2.5 x 1020 hz) in a closed, double-looped hehcal trajectory whose helical pitch is one Compton wavelength h/mc. The quantum has energy and momentum but not rest mass, so its speed is not limited by c. sThe quantum's speed is superluminal 57% of the time and subluminal 43% of the time, passing through c twice in each trajectory cycle. The quantum's maximum speed in the electron's rest frame is 2.515c and its minimum speed is .707c. The electron model's helical trajectory parameters are selected to produce the electron's spin ({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2 and approximate (without small QED corrections) magnetic moment e({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2m (the Bohr magneton {mu}B) as well as its Dirac equation-related 'jittery motion' angular frequency 2mc2/({Dirac_h}/2{pi}), amplitude ({Dirac_h}/2{pi})/2mc and internal speed c. The two possible helicities of the electron model correspond to the electron and the positron. With these models, an electron is like a closed circulating photon. The electron's inertia is proposed to be related to the electron model's circulating internal Compton momentum mc. The internal superluminalily of the photon model, the internal superluminahty/subluminality of the electron model, and the proposed approach to the electron's inertia as ''momentum at rest'' within the electron, could be relevant to possible mechanisms of superluminal communication and transportation.},

doi = {10.1063/1.2437555},

journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},

number = 1,

volume = 880,

place = {United States},

year = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2007},

month = {Tue Jan 30 00:00:00 EST 2007}

}