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Title: Facile synthesis of multifunctional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/polyaniline composite nanotubes

Abstract

With an average diameter of 100-150 nm, composite nanotubes of polyaniline (PANI)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) containing Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a two-step method. First, we synthesized monodispersed Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs (d=17.6 nm, {sigma}=1.92 nm) on the surface of MWNTs and then decorated the nanocomposites with a PANI layer via a self-assembly method. SEM and TEM images indicated that the obtained samples had the morphologies of nanotubes. The molecular structure and composition of MWNTs/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs/PANI nanotubes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectra. UV-vis spectra confirmed the existence of PANI and its response to acid and alkali. As a multifunctional material, the conductivity and magnetic properties of MWNTs/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs/PANI composites nanotubes were also investigated. - Graphical abstract: The work on preparing nanocomposites has been too much, but few reports were about synthesizing one-dimensional nanocomposite of three different nanoscale materials. In our work, we prepared one-dimensional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} particles/polyaniline composite nanotubes and studied their conductive and magnetic properties.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)
  2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, St Louis, MI 63130 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21043934
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 181; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2008.01.006; PII: S0022-4596(08)00022-4; Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CARBON; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON OXIDES; LAYERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; MORPHOLOGY; NANOTUBES; RAMAN SPECTRA; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; VISIBLE SPECTRA; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Kong, Lirong, Xiaofeng, Lu, and Zhang Wanjin. Facile synthesis of multifunctional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/polyaniline composite nanotubes. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2008.01.006.
Kong, Lirong, Xiaofeng, Lu, & Zhang Wanjin. Facile synthesis of multifunctional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/polyaniline composite nanotubes. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2008.01.006.
Kong, Lirong, Xiaofeng, Lu, and Zhang Wanjin. Sat . "Facile synthesis of multifunctional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/polyaniline composite nanotubes". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2008.01.006.
@article{osti_21043934,
title = {Facile synthesis of multifunctional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles/polyaniline composite nanotubes},
author = {Kong, Lirong and Xiaofeng, Lu and Zhang Wanjin},
abstractNote = {With an average diameter of 100-150 nm, composite nanotubes of polyaniline (PANI)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) containing Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a two-step method. First, we synthesized monodispersed Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs (d=17.6 nm, {sigma}=1.92 nm) on the surface of MWNTs and then decorated the nanocomposites with a PANI layer via a self-assembly method. SEM and TEM images indicated that the obtained samples had the morphologies of nanotubes. The molecular structure and composition of MWNTs/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs/PANI nanotubes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectra. UV-vis spectra confirmed the existence of PANI and its response to acid and alkali. As a multifunctional material, the conductivity and magnetic properties of MWNTs/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs/PANI composites nanotubes were also investigated. - Graphical abstract: The work on preparing nanocomposites has been too much, but few reports were about synthesizing one-dimensional nanocomposite of three different nanoscale materials. In our work, we prepared one-dimensional multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} particles/polyaniline composite nanotubes and studied their conductive and magnetic properties.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jssc.2008.01.006},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = 3,
volume = 181,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {3}
}