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Title: The IAEA international project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO): study on opportunities and challenges of large-scale nuclear energy development

Abstract

Existing scenarios for global energy use project that demand will at least double over the next 50 years. Electricity demand is projected to grow even faster. These scenarios suggest that the use of all available generating options, including nuclear energy, will inevitably be required to meet those demands. If nuclear energy is to play a meaningful role in the global energy supply in the foreseeable future, innovative approaches will be required to address concerns about economic competitiveness, environment, safety, waste management, potential proliferation risks and necessary infrastructure. In the event of a renaissance of nuclear energy, adequate infrastructure development will become crucial for Member States considering the future use of nuclear power. The IAEA should be ready to provide assistance in this area. A special resolution was adopted by the General Conference in September 2005 on 'Strengthening the Agency's Activities Related to Nuclear Science, Technology and Applications: Approaches to Supporting Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development'. Previously, in 2000, taking into account future energy scenarios and the needs of Member States, the IAEA General Conference had adopted a resolution initiating the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). Based on scenarios for the next fifty years, INPRO identified requirementsmore » for different aspects of future nuclear energy systems, such as economics, environment, safety, waste management, proliferation resistance and infrastructure and developed a methodology to assess innovative nuclear systems and fuel cycles. Using this assessment tool, the need for innovations in nuclear technology can be defined, which can be achieved through research, development and demonstration (RD and D). INPRO developed these requirements during its first stage, Phase 1A, which lasted from 2001 to mid-2003. In the second stage, Phase 1B (first part), INPRO organized 14 case studies (8 by national teams and 6 by individuals) to test and validate the methodology. At the end of 2004, INPRO completed this stage by issuing an IAEA report (TECDOC1434) with an upgraded methodology based on the recommendations given in the case studies. This enables assessments of both global and national innovative nuclear systems (INS) to be carried out for potentially promising innovative nuclear energy systems. In line with the principles of INPRO's methodology, these must satisfy the conditions for sustainable development, for strengthening the non-proliferation regime, and for solving energy problems at global, regional and national levels in the 21. century. They must also consider and evaluate nationally accepted technological options, taking into account national requirements and specific needs. (authors)« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. International Atomic Energy Agency (Iaea) Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O.Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)
  2. Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow, 123481 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
American Nuclear Society, 555 North Kensington Avenue, La Grange Park, IL 60526 (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
21021189
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2006 International congress on advances in nuclear power plants - ICAPP'06, Reno - Nevada (United States), 4-8 Jun 2006; Other Information: Country of input: France; 16 refs; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the 2006 international congress on advances in nuclear power plants - ICAPP'06, 2734 pages.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ECONOMICS; ELECTRICITY; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENVIRONMENT; FUEL CYCLE; HAZARDS; IAEA; MEETINGS; MEMBER STATES; NUCLEAR ENERGY; NUCLEAR POWER; PROLIFERATION; REACTORS; SAFETY; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Khoroshev, M, and Subbotin, S. The IAEA international project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO): study on opportunities and challenges of large-scale nuclear energy development. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Khoroshev, M, & Subbotin, S. The IAEA international project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO): study on opportunities and challenges of large-scale nuclear energy development. United States.
Khoroshev, M, and Subbotin, S. Sat . "The IAEA international project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO): study on opportunities and challenges of large-scale nuclear energy development". United States.
@article{osti_21021189,
title = {The IAEA international project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO): study on opportunities and challenges of large-scale nuclear energy development},
author = {Khoroshev, M and Subbotin, S},
abstractNote = {Existing scenarios for global energy use project that demand will at least double over the next 50 years. Electricity demand is projected to grow even faster. These scenarios suggest that the use of all available generating options, including nuclear energy, will inevitably be required to meet those demands. If nuclear energy is to play a meaningful role in the global energy supply in the foreseeable future, innovative approaches will be required to address concerns about economic competitiveness, environment, safety, waste management, potential proliferation risks and necessary infrastructure. In the event of a renaissance of nuclear energy, adequate infrastructure development will become crucial for Member States considering the future use of nuclear power. The IAEA should be ready to provide assistance in this area. A special resolution was adopted by the General Conference in September 2005 on 'Strengthening the Agency's Activities Related to Nuclear Science, Technology and Applications: Approaches to Supporting Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development'. Previously, in 2000, taking into account future energy scenarios and the needs of Member States, the IAEA General Conference had adopted a resolution initiating the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO). Based on scenarios for the next fifty years, INPRO identified requirements for different aspects of future nuclear energy systems, such as economics, environment, safety, waste management, proliferation resistance and infrastructure and developed a methodology to assess innovative nuclear systems and fuel cycles. Using this assessment tool, the need for innovations in nuclear technology can be defined, which can be achieved through research, development and demonstration (RD and D). INPRO developed these requirements during its first stage, Phase 1A, which lasted from 2001 to mid-2003. In the second stage, Phase 1B (first part), INPRO organized 14 case studies (8 by national teams and 6 by individuals) to test and validate the methodology. At the end of 2004, INPRO completed this stage by issuing an IAEA report (TECDOC1434) with an upgraded methodology based on the recommendations given in the case studies. This enables assessments of both global and national innovative nuclear systems (INS) to be carried out for potentially promising innovative nuclear energy systems. In line with the principles of INPRO's methodology, these must satisfy the conditions for sustainable development, for strengthening the non-proliferation regime, and for solving energy problems at global, regional and national levels in the 21. century. They must also consider and evaluate nationally accepted technological options, taking into account national requirements and specific needs. (authors)},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {7}
}

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