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Title: Simple scheme for gauge mediation

Abstract

We present a simple scheme for constructing models that achieve successful gauge mediation of supersymmetry breaking. In addition to our previous work [H. Murayama and Y. Nomura, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 151803 (2007)] that proposed drastically simplified models using metastable vacua of supersymmetry breaking in vectorlike theories, we show there are many other successful models using various types of supersymmetry-breaking mechanisms that rely on enhanced low-energy U(1){sub R} symmetries. In models where supersymmetry is broken by elementary singlets, one needs to assume U(1){sub R} violating effects are accidentally small, while in models where composite fields break supersymmetry, emergence of approximate low-energy U(1){sub R} symmetries can be understood simply on dimensional grounds. Even though the scheme still requires somewhat small parameters to sufficiently suppress gravity mediation, we discuss their possible origins due to dimensional transmutation. The scheme accommodates a wide range of the gravitino mass to avoid cosmological problems.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA and Theoretical Physics Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21020512
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles Fields; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.095011; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; COSMOLOGY; GAUGE INVARIANCE; GRAVITATION; METASTABLE STATES; SUPERSYMMETRY; SYMMETRY BREAKING; U-1 GROUPS; VACUUM STATES

Citation Formats

Murayama, Hitoshi, and Nomura, Yasunori. Simple scheme for gauge mediation. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.095011.
Murayama, Hitoshi, & Nomura, Yasunori. Simple scheme for gauge mediation. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.095011.
Murayama, Hitoshi, and Nomura, Yasunori. Tue . "Simple scheme for gauge mediation". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.095011.
@article{osti_21020512,
title = {Simple scheme for gauge mediation},
author = {Murayama, Hitoshi and Nomura, Yasunori},
abstractNote = {We present a simple scheme for constructing models that achieve successful gauge mediation of supersymmetry breaking. In addition to our previous work [H. Murayama and Y. Nomura, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 151803 (2007)] that proposed drastically simplified models using metastable vacua of supersymmetry breaking in vectorlike theories, we show there are many other successful models using various types of supersymmetry-breaking mechanisms that rely on enhanced low-energy U(1){sub R} symmetries. In models where supersymmetry is broken by elementary singlets, one needs to assume U(1){sub R} violating effects are accidentally small, while in models where composite fields break supersymmetry, emergence of approximate low-energy U(1){sub R} symmetries can be understood simply on dimensional grounds. Even though the scheme still requires somewhat small parameters to sufficiently suppress gravity mediation, we discuss their possible origins due to dimensional transmutation. The scheme accommodates a wide range of the gravitino mass to avoid cosmological problems.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.095011},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 9,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • We construct a model of direct gauge mediation of metastable supersymmetry breaking by simply deforming the Intriligator, Seiberg, and Shih model in terms of a dual meson superpotential mass term. No extra matter field is introduced. The deformation explicitly breaks a U(1){sub R} symmetry and pseudomoduli have a nonzero VEV at one-loop. Our metastable supersymmetry breaking vacuum turns out to be sufficiently long-lived. By gauging a subgroup of flavor symmetry, our model can directly couple to the standard model, which leads to nonvanishing gaugino mass generation. It is also shown that our model can evade the Landau pole problem. Wemore » show the parameters in the supersymmetry breaking sector are phenomenologically constrained.« less
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  • Direct gauge mediation models using the Intriligator-Seiberg-Shih metastable vacua suffer from the Landau pole problem of the standard-model gauge couplings and the existence of R-symmetry forbidding gaugino masses. These problems may be solved by using the recently proposed supersymmetry (SUSY)-breaking models in a conformal window of the vectorlike SU(N{sub C}) gauge theory with gauge singlets. In this paper we propose a model of gauge mediation based on the SUSY-breaking model in the conformal window, and study the dynamics for SUSY breaking. In this model, there are massive vectorlike bifundamental fields charged under both SU(N{sub C}) and the standard-model gauge group,more » and our model can be regarded as a semidirect gauge mediation model. The color number N{sub C} can be small to avoid the Landau pole problem, and R symmetry is also broken under a reasonable assumption on the strong dynamics of the model. The model possesses only one free parameter, and the gaugino and sfermion masses are naturally of the same order.« less