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Title: Constraint on the coupling of axionlike particles to matter via an ultracold neutron gravitational experiment

Abstract

We present a new constraint for the axion monopole-dipole coupling in the range of 1 {mu}m-a few mm, previously unavailable for experimental study. The constraint was obtained using our recent results on the observation of neutron quantum states in the Earth's gravitational field. We exploit the ultimate sensitivity of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in the lowest gravitational states above a material surface to any additional interaction between the UCN and the matter, if the characteristic interaction range is within the mentioned domain.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Institut of Physics, University of Mainz, 55099 Mainz (Germany)
  2. (ILL), 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38042, Grenoble (France)
  3. (LPSC), IN2P3-CNRS, UJFG, 53 Avenue des Martyrs, F-38026, Grenoble (France)
  4. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21020300
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles Fields; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.075006; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; AXIONS; COUPLING; CP INVARIANCE; DIPOLES; ENERGY LEVELS; GRAVITATION; GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS; INTERACTION RANGE; MONOPOLES; NEUTRON REACTIONS; QUANTUM NUMBERS; SENSITIVITY; ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS

Citation Formats

Baessler, S., Nesvizhevsky, V. V., Protasov, K. V., Voronin, A. Yu., Institut Laue-Langevin, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, and P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, 53 Leninsky prospect, 117924, Moscow. Constraint on the coupling of axionlike particles to matter via an ultracold neutron gravitational experiment. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.075006.
Baessler, S., Nesvizhevsky, V. V., Protasov, K. V., Voronin, A. Yu., Institut Laue-Langevin, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, & P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, 53 Leninsky prospect, 117924, Moscow. Constraint on the coupling of axionlike particles to matter via an ultracold neutron gravitational experiment. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.075006.
Baessler, S., Nesvizhevsky, V. V., Protasov, K. V., Voronin, A. Yu., Institut Laue-Langevin, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, and P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, 53 Leninsky prospect, 117924, Moscow. Sun . "Constraint on the coupling of axionlike particles to matter via an ultracold neutron gravitational experiment". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.075006.
@article{osti_21020300,
title = {Constraint on the coupling of axionlike particles to matter via an ultracold neutron gravitational experiment},
author = {Baessler, S. and Nesvizhevsky, V. V. and Protasov, K. V. and Voronin, A. Yu. and Institut Laue-Langevin and Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie and P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, 53 Leninsky prospect, 117924, Moscow},
abstractNote = {We present a new constraint for the axion monopole-dipole coupling in the range of 1 {mu}m-a few mm, previously unavailable for experimental study. The constraint was obtained using our recent results on the observation of neutron quantum states in the Earth's gravitational field. We exploit the ultimate sensitivity of ultracold neutrons (UCN) in the lowest gravitational states above a material surface to any additional interaction between the UCN and the matter, if the characteristic interaction range is within the mentioned domain.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.075006},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 7,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Sun Apr 01 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • A possibility to constrain axionlike particles from precision atomic physics is considered.
  • The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons g Ae is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes g Ae larger than 3.5 × 10 –12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c 2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses abovemore » 36.6 eV/c 2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of g Ae larger than 4.2 × 10 –13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1–16 keV/c 2. As a result, these are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.« less
  • The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5 × 10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV=c2, while for the Kim- Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV=c2 aremore » excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2 × 10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1–16 keV=c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.« less
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