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Title: Structured diffuse scattering and polar nano-regions in the Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} relaxor ferroelectric system

Abstract

The observation via electron diffraction of relatively sharp G{+-}{l_brace}001{r_brace}* sheets of diffuse intensity arising from the large amplitude excitation of inherently polar, transverse optical modes of distortion in Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} (BTS), 0.1{<=}x{<=}0.5, samples, both at room temperature as well as liquid nitrogen temperature, shows that the polar nano-regions (PNRs) in these relaxor ferroelectric materials correspond to the same highly anisotropic <001> chain dipoles as are characteristic of the normal ferroelectric end member BaTiO{sub 3} itself. The correlation length along the chain of these 1-d PNRs can, in principle, be determined from the width of the observed {l_brace}001{r_brace}* diffuse sheets in reciprocal space and is estimated to be at least 5 nm even for the higher x samples. The distribution of the substitutional Sn ions thus appears to have only a minor effect upon the correlation length along the <001> chain dipole directions. It is suggested that the role of the dopant Sn ions is not to directly induce PNRs but rather to set up random local strain fields preventing the condensation of long wavelength homogeneous strain distortions of the unit cell thereby suppressing transverse correlations of the <001> chain dipoles and the developmentmore » of long-range ordered ferroelectric state/s. - Graphical abstract: The characteristic G{+-}{l_brace}001{r_brace}* sheets of diffuse intensity characteristic of the relaxor ferroelectric Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} (BTS), 0.1{<=}x{<=}0.5, system along with the inherently polar, transverse optical modes of distortion responsible.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)
  2. Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia), E-mail: withers@rsc.anu.edu.au
  3. Electronic Materials Research Laboratory (EMRL), Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an (China)
  4. Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21015722
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 180; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2006.12.013; PII: S0022-4596(06)00646-3; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANISOTROPY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CORRELATIONS; DIFFUSE SCATTERING; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; OPTICAL MODES; OXIDES; SHEETS; STRAINS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TIN COMPOUNDS; TIN IONS; TITANATES

Citation Formats

Liu Yun, Withers, Ray L., Wei Xiaoyong, and Fitz Gerald, John D. Structured diffuse scattering and polar nano-regions in the Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} relaxor ferroelectric system. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Liu Yun, Withers, Ray L., Wei Xiaoyong, & Fitz Gerald, John D. Structured diffuse scattering and polar nano-regions in the Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} relaxor ferroelectric system. United States.
Liu Yun, Withers, Ray L., Wei Xiaoyong, and Fitz Gerald, John D. Thu . "Structured diffuse scattering and polar nano-regions in the Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} relaxor ferroelectric system". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_21015722,
title = {Structured diffuse scattering and polar nano-regions in the Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} relaxor ferroelectric system},
author = {Liu Yun and Withers, Ray L. and Wei Xiaoyong and Fitz Gerald, John D.},
abstractNote = {The observation via electron diffraction of relatively sharp G{+-}{l_brace}001{r_brace}* sheets of diffuse intensity arising from the large amplitude excitation of inherently polar, transverse optical modes of distortion in Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} (BTS), 0.1{<=}x{<=}0.5, samples, both at room temperature as well as liquid nitrogen temperature, shows that the polar nano-regions (PNRs) in these relaxor ferroelectric materials correspond to the same highly anisotropic <001> chain dipoles as are characteristic of the normal ferroelectric end member BaTiO{sub 3} itself. The correlation length along the chain of these 1-d PNRs can, in principle, be determined from the width of the observed {l_brace}001{r_brace}* diffuse sheets in reciprocal space and is estimated to be at least 5 nm even for the higher x samples. The distribution of the substitutional Sn ions thus appears to have only a minor effect upon the correlation length along the <001> chain dipole directions. It is suggested that the role of the dopant Sn ions is not to directly induce PNRs but rather to set up random local strain fields preventing the condensation of long wavelength homogeneous strain distortions of the unit cell thereby suppressing transverse correlations of the <001> chain dipoles and the development of long-range ordered ferroelectric state/s. - Graphical abstract: The characteristic G{+-}{l_brace}001{r_brace}* sheets of diffuse intensity characteristic of the relaxor ferroelectric Ba(Ti{sub 1-} {sub x} Sn {sub x} )O{sub 3} (BTS), 0.1{<=}x{<=}0.5, system along with the inherently polar, transverse optical modes of distortion responsible.},
doi = {},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
number = 3,
volume = 180,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}