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Title: Confining solution of the Dyson-Schwinger equations in Coulomb gauge

Abstract

The Dyson-Schwinger equations arising from minimizing the vacuum energy density in the Hamiltonian approach to Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge are solved numerically. A new solution is presented which gives rise to a strictly linearly rising static quark potential and whose existence was previously observed in the infrared analysis of the Dyson-Schwinger equations. For the new solution we also present the static quark potential and calculate the running coupling constant from the ghost-gluon vertex.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21011104
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. D, Particles Fields; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.045011; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; COUPLING CONSTANTS; ENERGY DENSITY; GLUONS; HAMILTONIANS; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; POTENTIALS; QUANTUM FIELD THEORY; QUARKS; SCHWINGER FUNCTIONAL EQUATIONS; YANG-MILLS THEORY

Citation Formats

Epple, D., Reinhardt, H., and Schleifenbaum, W. Confining solution of the Dyson-Schwinger equations in Coulomb gauge. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.045011.
Epple, D., Reinhardt, H., & Schleifenbaum, W. Confining solution of the Dyson-Schwinger equations in Coulomb gauge. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.045011.
Epple, D., Reinhardt, H., and Schleifenbaum, W. Thu . "Confining solution of the Dyson-Schwinger equations in Coulomb gauge". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.045011.
@article{osti_21011104,
title = {Confining solution of the Dyson-Schwinger equations in Coulomb gauge},
author = {Epple, D. and Reinhardt, H. and Schleifenbaum, W.},
abstractNote = {The Dyson-Schwinger equations arising from minimizing the vacuum energy density in the Hamiltonian approach to Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge are solved numerically. A new solution is presented which gives rise to a strictly linearly rising static quark potential and whose existence was previously observed in the infrared analysis of the Dyson-Schwinger equations. For the new solution we also present the static quark potential and calculate the running coupling constant from the ghost-gluon vertex.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVD.75.045011},
journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles Fields},
number = 4,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Thu Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}
  • Coulomb gauge Yang-Mills theory within the first order formalism is considered with a view of deriving the propagator Dyson-Schwinger equations. The first order formalism is studied with special emphasis on the Becchi-Rouet-Stora (BRS) invariance and it is found that there exists two forms of invariance--invariance under the standard BRS transform and under a second, nonstandard transform. The field equations of motion and symmetries are derived explicitly and certain exact relations that simplify the formalism are presented. It is shown that the Ward-Takahashi identity arising from invariance under the nonstandard part of the BRS transform is guaranteed by the functional equationsmore » of motion. The Feynman rules and the general decomposition of the two-point Green's functions are derived. The propagator Dyson-Schwinger equations are derived and certain aspects (energy independence of ghost Green's functions and the cancellation of energy divergences) are discussed.« less
  • Coulomb gauge Yang-Mills theory is considered within the first order formalism. It is shown that the action is invariant under both the standard BRS transform and an additional component. The Ward-Takahashi identity arising from this non-standard transform is shown to be automatically satisfied by the equations of motion.
  • A new functional renormalization group equation for Hamiltonian Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge is presented and solved for the static gluon and ghost propagators under the assumption of ghost dominance. The results are compared to those obtained in the variational approach.
  • A truncation scheme for the Dyson{endash}Schwinger equations of QCD in Landau gauge is presented which implements the Slavnov{endash}Taylor identities for the 3-point vertex functions. Neglecting contributions from 4-point correlations such as the 4-gluon vertex function and irreducible scattering kernels, a closed system of equations for the propagators is obtained. For the pure gauge theory without quarks this system of equations for the propagators of gluons and ghosts is solved in an approximation which allows for an analytic discussion of its solutions in the infrared: The gluon propagator is shown to vanish for small spacelike momenta whereas the ghost propagator ismore » found to be infrared enhanced. The running coupling of the non-perturbative subtraction scheme approaches an infrared stable fixed point at a critical value of the coupling, {alpha}{sub c}{approx_equal}9.5. The gluon propagator is shown to have no Lehmann representation. The results for the propagators obtained here compare favorably with recent lattice calculations. {copyright} 1998 Academic Press, Inc.« less
  • A truncation scheme for the Dyson-Schwinger equations of QCD in Landau gauge is presented which implements the Slavnov-Taylor identities for the 3-point vertex functions. Neglecting contributions from 4-point correlations such as the 4-gluon vertex function and irreducible scattering kernels, a closed system of equations for the propagators is obtained. For the pure gauge theory without quarks this system of equations for the propagators of gluons and ghosts is solved in an approximation which allows for an analytic discussion of its solutions in the infrared: The gluon propagator is shown to vanish for small spacelike momenta whereas the ghost propagator ismore » found to be infrared enhanced. The running coupling of the non-perturbative subtraction scheme approaches an infrared stable fixed point at a critical value of the coupling alpha c of approx. 9.5. The gluon propagator is shown to have no Lehmann representation. The results for the propagators obtained here compare favorably with recent lattice calculations.« less