skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Surfactant controlled synthesis of crystalline phosphovanadate nanorods

Abstract

Phosphovanadate nanorods were obtained in a reaction of vanadium (V) oxide as a precursor and a cationic surfactant, dodecylpyridinium chloride, as structure directing template at pH {approx}3 at room temperature. The composition and morphology of the nanorods was established by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The obtained nanorods have diameters of 40-60 nm with lengths up to 1 {mu}m. The effect of reaction parameters such as concentration of surfactant and pH of the solution on the growth of nanorods has been investigated. A plausible mechanism involving the coalescence of nanoparticle 'seeds' leading to one-dimensional nanorods is also discussed. The same reaction when performed under hydrothermal condition, keeping other reaction parameters unchanged, resulted in the formation of phosphovanadate nanospheres of diameter 10-15 nm.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)
  2. School of Physical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110016 (India)
  3. Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India). E-mail: aramanan@chemistry.iitd.ac.in
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21000620
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.07.018; PII: S0025-5408(06)00315-1; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; CHLORIDES; COALESCENCE; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GRAIN GROWTH; INFRARED SPECTRA; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; PH VALUE; PYRIDINIUM COMPOUNDS; SPECTROSCOPY; SURFACTANTS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VANADIUM OXIDES; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Asnani, Minakshi, Thomas, Jency, Sen, Prasenjit, and Ramanan, Arunachalam. Surfactant controlled synthesis of crystalline phosphovanadate nanorods. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.07.018.
Asnani, Minakshi, Thomas, Jency, Sen, Prasenjit, & Ramanan, Arunachalam. Surfactant controlled synthesis of crystalline phosphovanadate nanorods. United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.07.018.
Asnani, Minakshi, Thomas, Jency, Sen, Prasenjit, and Ramanan, Arunachalam. Thu . "Surfactant controlled synthesis of crystalline phosphovanadate nanorods". United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.07.018.
@article{osti_21000620,
title = {Surfactant controlled synthesis of crystalline phosphovanadate nanorods},
author = {Asnani, Minakshi and Thomas, Jency and Sen, Prasenjit and Ramanan, Arunachalam},
abstractNote = {Phosphovanadate nanorods were obtained in a reaction of vanadium (V) oxide as a precursor and a cationic surfactant, dodecylpyridinium chloride, as structure directing template at pH {approx}3 at room temperature. The composition and morphology of the nanorods was established by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The obtained nanorods have diameters of 40-60 nm with lengths up to 1 {mu}m. The effect of reaction parameters such as concentration of surfactant and pH of the solution on the growth of nanorods has been investigated. A plausible mechanism involving the coalescence of nanoparticle 'seeds' leading to one-dimensional nanorods is also discussed. The same reaction when performed under hydrothermal condition, keeping other reaction parameters unchanged, resulted in the formation of phosphovanadate nanospheres of diameter 10-15 nm.},
doi = {10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.07.018},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 4,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}