skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]

Abstract

The organically templated (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}] compound has been synthesized under mild solvothermal conditions. The crystal structure has been determined from X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. The compound crystallizes in the P2{sub 1}/n monoclinic space group, with the unit-cell parameters a = 12.935(1), b = 6.4476(7), c = 15.693(2) A, {beta} = 105.630(9){sup o} and Z = 4. The crystal structure consists of [Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]{sup 2-} chains formed by a central chain built of [Fe(2)O{sub 4}F{sub 2}] edge-sharing octahedra, and two side chains formed by alternating [Fe(1)O{sub 3}F{sub 3}] octahedra and [HP(1)O{sub 3}] tetrahedra. The piperazinium cations are placed between the chains linked by ionic and hydrogen interactions. The IR and Raman spectra show the existence of two phosphite crystallographically independent. From the diffuse reflectance spectrum the D {sub q} parameter for the iron(II) cations has been calculated (D {sub q} = 820 cm{sup -1}). The Moessbauer spectrum in the paramagnetic state shows the simultaneous presence of Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}. The magnetic measurements indicate the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1]
  1. Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Universidad del Pais Vasco/EHU, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
  2. Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Universidad del Pais Vasco/EHU, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain). E-mail: joseluis.mesa@ehu.es
  3. Departamento de Mineralogia y Petrologia, Universidad del Pais Vasco/EHU, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21000608
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.020; PII: S0025-5408(06)00256-X; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; CATIONS; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON IONS; IRON PHOSPHIDES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MATERIALS; MOESSBAUER EFFECT; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MONOCRYSTALS; OZONE; PARAMAGNETISM; PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; RAMAN SPECTRA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SPACE GROUPS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Fernandez-Armas, Sergio, Mesa, Jose L., Pizarro, Jose L., Arriortua, Maria I., and Rojo, Teofilo. A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.020.
Fernandez-Armas, Sergio, Mesa, Jose L., Pizarro, Jose L., Arriortua, Maria I., & Rojo, Teofilo. A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]. United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.020.
Fernandez-Armas, Sergio, Mesa, Jose L., Pizarro, Jose L., Arriortua, Maria I., and Rojo, Teofilo. Thu . "A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]". United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.020.
@article{osti_21000608,
title = {A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]},
author = {Fernandez-Armas, Sergio and Mesa, Jose L. and Pizarro, Jose L. and Arriortua, Maria I. and Rojo, Teofilo},
abstractNote = {The organically templated (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}] compound has been synthesized under mild solvothermal conditions. The crystal structure has been determined from X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. The compound crystallizes in the P2{sub 1}/n monoclinic space group, with the unit-cell parameters a = 12.935(1), b = 6.4476(7), c = 15.693(2) A, {beta} = 105.630(9){sup o} and Z = 4. The crystal structure consists of [Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]{sup 2-} chains formed by a central chain built of [Fe(2)O{sub 4}F{sub 2}] edge-sharing octahedra, and two side chains formed by alternating [Fe(1)O{sub 3}F{sub 3}] octahedra and [HP(1)O{sub 3}] tetrahedra. The piperazinium cations are placed between the chains linked by ionic and hydrogen interactions. The IR and Raman spectra show the existence of two phosphite crystallographically independent. From the diffuse reflectance spectrum the D {sub q} parameter for the iron(II) cations has been calculated (D {sub q} = 820 cm{sup -1}). The Moessbauer spectrum in the paramagnetic state shows the simultaneous presence of Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}. The magnetic measurements indicate the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions.},
doi = {10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.020},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 3,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • The organically templated (C{sub 6}H{sub 16}N{sub 2}){sub 0.5}[M(HPO{sub 3})F] [M(II)=Fe (1) and Co (2)] compounds have been synthesized by using mild hydrothermal conditions under autogeneous pressure. The crystal structures have been determined from X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. The compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the C2/c monoclinic space group. The unit-cell parameters are a=5.607(1), b=21.276(4), c=11.652(1)A, {beta}=93.74(1) deg. for the iron phase and a=5.5822(7), b=21.325(3), c=11.4910(1)A, {beta}=93.464(9){sup o} for the cobalt compound with Z=4. The crystal structure of these compounds consists of [M(HPO{sub 3})F]{sup -} anionic sheets. The layers are constructed from chains which contain [M{sub 2}O{sub 6}F{sub 3}] dimericmore » units linked by fluoride ions. The trans-1,4-diaminocyclohexane cations are placed in the interlayer space. The IR and Raman spectra show the bands corresponding to the phosphite oxoanion and organic dication. The Dq and Racah (B and C) parameters have been calculated from the diffuse reflectance spectra in the visible region. Dq parameter is 790cm{sup -1} for compound (1). For phase (2) the Dq value is 725cm{sup -1} and B and C are 930 and 4100cm{sup -1}, respectively. The thermal evolution of the molar magnetic susceptibilities of these compounds show maxima at 20.0 and 6.0K for the iron(II) and cobalt(II) phases, respectively. These results indicate the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions in both compounds.« less
  • (C{sub 2}N{sub 2}H{sub 10})[Fe {sub x}V{sub 1-x}(HPO{sub 3})F{sub 3}] (x = 0.44, 0.72) have been synthesized using mild solvothermal conditions under autogenous pressure and the ethylenediamine molecule as templating agent. The crystal structures have been determined from X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. The compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} space group with Z = 4 and unit-cell parameters a = 12.8494(9), b = 9.5430(6), c = 6.4372(5) A, and a = 12.8578(1), b = 9.5342(1), c = 6.4370(7) A for (C{sub 2}N{sub 2}H{sub 10})[Fe{sub 0.44}V{sub 0.56}(HPO{sub 3})F{sub 3}] and (C{sub 2}N{sub 2}H{sub 10})[Fe{sub 0.72}V{sub 0.28}(HPO{sub 3})F{sub 3}] (1)more » and (2), respectively. These isostructural compounds exhibit a monodimensional crystal structure formed by pillared double anionic chains with the formula [M(HPO{sub 3})F{sub 3}]{sup 2-}, extended along the [0 0 1] direction. These doubled ionic chains are the result of the linking of two simple chains in which there are alternating octahedral [MO{sub 3}F{sub 3}] and tetrahedral groups [HPO{sub 3}]. The ethylendiammonium cations are placed in the space delimited by three different chains. The metallic ions are interconnected by the pseudo-pyramidal (HPO{sub 3}){sup 2-} phosphite oxoanions, adopting a slightly distorted octahedral geometry. The IR spectra show bands corresponding to the phosphite oxoanion and the ethylendiamonium cation at 2400 and 1600 cm{sup -1}, respectively. The thermogravimetric analyses show that these phases are stable up to ca. 280 deg. C, at higher temperatures, the decomposition of the crystal structure begins by calcination of the organic cation and the elimination of the fluoride anions. The diffuse reflectance spectra show bands of the V{sup 3+} ion (d{sup 2}) in octahedral symmetry. The values of the Dq (1540, 1540 cm{sup -1}), and Racah parameters, B (560, 535 cm{sup -1}) and C (3055, 3140 cm{sup -1}) for (1) and (2), respectively, correspond with those usually found for octahedrically coordinated V(III) compounds. Magnetic measurements, performed on a powered sample from 5.0 to 300 K at 1000 G, in the ZFC and FC modes, indicate the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions.« less
  • Two new zinc phosphites [Zn{sub 2}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}PO{sub 3})][C{sub 3}H{sub 5}N{sub 2}] 1 and [Zn{sub 2}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 3}][C{sub 4}H{sub 7}N{sub 2}]{sub 2}.2H{sub 2}O 2 have been hydrothermally synthesized templated by imidazole and 2-methylimidazole. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the two compounds have the similar inorganic framework structures, which both exhibit 2D double layer structures with double 12-membered rings. Due to the different space-filling effect of the guest molecules, the stacking mode of adjacent layers and the arrangement mode of the organic amines are distinct. In 1, the adjacent layers are stacked in an -ABAB- sequence and monoprotonated imidazolemore » molecules sit in the middle of 12MR windows, while in 2, the layers are stacked in an -AAAA- pattern. Monoprotonated 2-methylimidazole molecules occupy two different sites, one inserts into 12MR and the other resides in the interlayer region. Crystal data for 1: triclinic, P-1, a=8.8815(18)A, b=9.0132(18)A, c=10.030(2)A, {alpha}=114.71(3){sup o}, {beta}=92.78(3){sup o}, {gamma}=113.04(3){sup o}, V=649.3(2)A{sup 3}, Z=2; for 2: triclinic, P-1, a=9.883(4)A, b=10.517(4)A, c=11.814(5)A, {alpha}=68.244(7){sup o}, {beta}=76.143(7){sup o}, {gamma}=63.113(6){sup o}, V=1013.3(7)A{sup 3}, Z=2.« less
  • A new open-framework iron (III) phosphite |C{sub 4}N{sub 3}H{sub 14}|[Fe{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 4}F{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] has been solvothermally synthesized by using diethylenetriamine (DETA) as the structure-directing agent. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c having unit cell parameters a=12.877(3) A, b=12.170(2) A, c=12.159(2) A, beta=93.99(3){sup o}, V=1900.9(7) A{sup 3}, and Z=4 with R{sub 1}=0.0447, wR{sub 2}=0.0958. The complex structure consists of HPO{sub 3} pseudo-tetrahedra and {l_brace}Fe{sub 3}O{sub 14}F{sub 2}{r_brace} trimer building units. The assembly of these building units generates 3D inorganic framework with intersecting 6-, 8-, and 10-ring channels. The DETAmore » cations are located in the 10-ring channels linked by hydrogen bonds. The Moessbauer spectrum shows that there exhibit two crystallographically independent iron (III) atoms. And the magnetic investigation shows the presence of antiferromagnetic interactions. Further characterization of the title compound was performed using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR) spectra, thermal gravimetric analyses (TGA), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and elemental analyses. - Graphical abstract: A new three-dimensional iron phosphite with intersecting 6-, 8-, 10-ring channels has been solvothermally synthesized by using diethylenetriamine (DETA) as the structure-directing agent.« less
  • The (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.94}[Mn{sub 1.50}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] and (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Co{sub 1.50}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] compounds 1 and 2 have been synthesized using mild hydrothermal conditions. These phases are isostructural with (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Fe{sub 1.5}{sup II}Fe{sub 1.5}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}]. The compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic Imam space group. The unit cell parameters calculated by using the patterns matching routine of the FULPROOF program, starting from the cell parameters of the iron(II),(III) phase, are: a 7.727(1) A, b = 11.047(1) A, c = 13.412(1) A for 1 and a = 7.560(1)more » A, b 11.012(1) A, c = 13.206(1) A for 2, being Z = 8 in both compounds. The crystal structure consists of a three-dimensional framework constructed from edge-sharing [M{sup II}(1){sub 2}O{sub 2}F{sub 8}] (M = Mn, Co) dimeric octahedra linked to [Fe{sup III}(2)O{sub 2}F{sub 4}] octahedra through the F(1) anions and to the [AsO{sub 4}] tetrahedra by the O(1) vertex. This network gives rise two kinds of chains, which are extended in perpendicular directions. Chain 1 is extended along the a-axis and chain 2 runs along the c-axis. These chains are linked by the F(1) and O(1) atoms and establish cavities delimited by eight or six polyhedra along the [1 0 0] and [0 0 1] directions, respectively. The propanediammonium cations are located inside these cavities. The thermal study indicates that the structures collapse with the calcination of the organic dication at 255 and 285 deg. C for 1 and 2, respectively. The Moessbauer spectra in the paramagnetic state indicate the existence of two crystallographically independent positions for the iron(III) cations and a small proportion of this cation in the positions of the divalent Mn(II) and Co(II) ones. The IR spectrum shows the protonated bands of the H{sub 2}N- groups of the propanediamine molecule and the characteristic bands of the [AsO{sub 4}]{sup 3-} arsenate oxoanions. In the diffuse reflectance spectra, it can be observed the bands characteristic of trivalent iron(III) cation and divalent Mn(II) and Co(II) ones in a distorted octahedral symmetry. The calculated Dq and B-Racah parameters for the cobalt(II) phase are 710 and 925 cm{sup -1}, respectively. The ESR spectra of compound 1 maintain isotropic with variation in temperature, being g = 1.99. Magnetic measurements for both compounds indicate that the main magnetic interactions are antiferromagnetic in nature. However, at low temperatures small ferromagnetic components are detected, which are probably due to a spin decompensation of the two different metallic cations. The hysteresis loops give values of the remnant magnetization and coercive field of 84.5, 255 emu/mol and 0.01, 0.225 T for phases 1 and 2, respectively.« less