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Title: The effects of addition of citric acid on the morphologies of ZnO nanorods

Abstract

ZnO nanorods of 25-100 nm in diameter and 0.2-1 {mu}m in length were fabricated through citric acid assisted annealing process. The microstructure of ZnO nanorods was characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy, respectively. As a result, it was found that ZnO nanorods were single crystalline and pure. The effects of the growth conditions such as addition of citric acid, annealing temperature on the morphologies of ZnO nanostructures have also been investigated. At the given temperature the length decreased but the diameter increased with addition of the mass of citric acid. With the rising of the calcining heat, the shape of ZnO changed from rod to granule for a given amount of citric acid. Finally, the mechanism for citric acid assisted annealing synthesis of the ZnO nanostructure is discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Department of Applied Physics and School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China). E-mail: yangzao888@tom.com
  2. Department of Applied Physics and School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21000585
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.009; PII: S0025-5408(06)00250-9; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; CITRIC ACID; FIELD EMISSION; HEAT; MICROSTRUCTURE; MONOCRYSTALS; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; RODS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Yang Zao, Liu Quanhui, and Yang Lei. The effects of addition of citric acid on the morphologies of ZnO nanorods. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.009.
Yang Zao, Liu Quanhui, & Yang Lei. The effects of addition of citric acid on the morphologies of ZnO nanorods. United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.009.
Yang Zao, Liu Quanhui, and Yang Lei. Thu . "The effects of addition of citric acid on the morphologies of ZnO nanorods". United States. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.009.
@article{osti_21000585,
title = {The effects of addition of citric acid on the morphologies of ZnO nanorods},
author = {Yang Zao and Liu Quanhui and Yang Lei},
abstractNote = {ZnO nanorods of 25-100 nm in diameter and 0.2-1 {mu}m in length were fabricated through citric acid assisted annealing process. The microstructure of ZnO nanorods was characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy, respectively. As a result, it was found that ZnO nanorods were single crystalline and pure. The effects of the growth conditions such as addition of citric acid, annealing temperature on the morphologies of ZnO nanostructures have also been investigated. At the given temperature the length decreased but the diameter increased with addition of the mass of citric acid. With the rising of the calcining heat, the shape of ZnO changed from rod to granule for a given amount of citric acid. Finally, the mechanism for citric acid assisted annealing synthesis of the ZnO nanostructure is discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.06.009},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 2,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2007},
month = {Thu Feb 15 00:00:00 EST 2007}
}