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Title: Rapidity-dependent spectra from a single-freeze-out model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Abstract

An extension of the single-freeze-out model with thermal and geometric parameters dependent on the spatial rapidity, {alpha}{sub parallel}, is used to describe the rapidity and transverse-momentum spectra of pions, kaons, protons, and antiprotons measured at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV by the BRAHMS Collaboration. THERMINATOR is used to perform the necessary simulation, which includes all resonance decays. The result of the fit to the rapidity spectra in the range of the BRAHMS data is the expected growth of the baryon and strange chemical potentials with the magnitude of {alpha}{sub parallel}, whereas the freeze-out temperature is kept fixed. The value of the baryon chemical potential at {alpha}{sub parallel}{approx}3, which is the relevant region for particles detected at the BRAHMS forward rapidity y{approx}3, is about 200 GeV, i.e., lies in the range of the values obtained for the highest SPS energy. The chosen geometry of the fireball has a decreasing transverse size as the magnitude of {alpha}{sub parallel} is increased, which also corresponds to decreasing transverse flow. This feature is verified by reproducing the transverse momentum spectra of pions and kaons at various rapidities. The strange chemical potential obtained from the fit to the K{sup +}/K{sup -} ratiomore » is such that the local strangeness density in the fireball is compatible with zero. The resulting rapidity spectra of net protons are described qualitatively in the model. As a result of the study, the knowledge of the 'topography' of the fireball is achieved, making other calculations possible. As an example, we give predictions for the rapidity spectra of hyperons.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. AGH University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)
  2. (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20995309
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.75.054905; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ANTIPROTONS; BROOKHAVEN RHIC; FREEZING OUT; GEV RANGE 100-1000; HEAVY ION REACTIONS; HYPERONS; KAONS; PARTICLE RAPIDITY; PIONS; POTASSIUM IONS; POTENTIALS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPECTRA; TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM

Citation Formats

Biedron, Bartlomiej, Broniowski, Wojciech, Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, ul. Swietokrzyska 15, PL-25406 Kielce, and H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow. Rapidity-dependent spectra from a single-freeze-out model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVC.75.054905.
Biedron, Bartlomiej, Broniowski, Wojciech, Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, ul. Swietokrzyska 15, PL-25406 Kielce, & H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow. Rapidity-dependent spectra from a single-freeze-out model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVC.75.054905.
Biedron, Bartlomiej, Broniowski, Wojciech, Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, ul. Swietokrzyska 15, PL-25406 Kielce, and H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow. Tue . "Rapidity-dependent spectra from a single-freeze-out model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVC.75.054905.
@article{osti_20995309,
title = {Rapidity-dependent spectra from a single-freeze-out model of relativistic heavy-ion collisions},
author = {Biedron, Bartlomiej and Broniowski, Wojciech and Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, ul. Swietokrzyska 15, PL-25406 Kielce and H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31342 Cracow},
abstractNote = {An extension of the single-freeze-out model with thermal and geometric parameters dependent on the spatial rapidity, {alpha}{sub parallel}, is used to describe the rapidity and transverse-momentum spectra of pions, kaons, protons, and antiprotons measured at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at {radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV by the BRAHMS Collaboration. THERMINATOR is used to perform the necessary simulation, which includes all resonance decays. The result of the fit to the rapidity spectra in the range of the BRAHMS data is the expected growth of the baryon and strange chemical potentials with the magnitude of {alpha}{sub parallel}, whereas the freeze-out temperature is kept fixed. The value of the baryon chemical potential at {alpha}{sub parallel}{approx}3, which is the relevant region for particles detected at the BRAHMS forward rapidity y{approx}3, is about 200 GeV, i.e., lies in the range of the values obtained for the highest SPS energy. The chosen geometry of the fireball has a decreasing transverse size as the magnitude of {alpha}{sub parallel} is increased, which also corresponds to decreasing transverse flow. This feature is verified by reproducing the transverse momentum spectra of pions and kaons at various rapidities. The strange chemical potential obtained from the fit to the K{sup +}/K{sup -} ratio is such that the local strangeness density in the fireball is compatible with zero. The resulting rapidity spectra of net protons are described qualitatively in the model. As a result of the study, the knowledge of the 'topography' of the fireball is achieved, making other calculations possible. As an example, we give predictions for the rapidity spectra of hyperons.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVC.75.054905},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}