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Title: Nonadiabatic approach to entanglement distribution over long distances

Abstract

Entanglement distribution between trapped-atom quantum memories, viz. single atoms in optical cavities, is addressed. In most scenarios, the rate of entanglement distribution depends on the efficiency with which the state of traveling single photons can be transferred to trapped atoms. This loading efficiency is analytically studied for two-level, V-level, {lambda}-level, and double-{lambda}-level atomic configurations by means of a system-reservoir approach. An off-resonant nonadiabatic approach to loading {lambda}-level trapped-atom memories is proposed, and the ensuing trade-offs between the atom-light coupling rate and input photon bandwidth for achieving a high loading probability are identified. The nonadiabatic approach allows a broad class of optical sources to be used, and in some cases it provides a higher system throughput than what can be achieved by adiabatic loading mechanisms. The analysis is extended to the case of two double-{lambda} trapped-atom memories illuminated by a polarization-entangled biphoton.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20982264
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. A; Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.75.032318; (c) 2007 The American Physical Society; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DISTRIBUTION; EFFICIENCY; PHOTONS; POLARIZATION; PROBABILITY; QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT; QUANTUM MECHANICS; TRAPPING

Citation Formats

Razavi, Mohsen, and Shapiro, Jeffrey H. Nonadiabatic approach to entanglement distribution over long distances. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.75.032318.
Razavi, Mohsen, & Shapiro, Jeffrey H. Nonadiabatic approach to entanglement distribution over long distances. United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.75.032318.
Razavi, Mohsen, and Shapiro, Jeffrey H. Thu . "Nonadiabatic approach to entanglement distribution over long distances". United States. doi:10.1103/PHYSREVA.75.032318.
@article{osti_20982264,
title = {Nonadiabatic approach to entanglement distribution over long distances},
author = {Razavi, Mohsen and Shapiro, Jeffrey H.},
abstractNote = {Entanglement distribution between trapped-atom quantum memories, viz. single atoms in optical cavities, is addressed. In most scenarios, the rate of entanglement distribution depends on the efficiency with which the state of traveling single photons can be transferred to trapped atoms. This loading efficiency is analytically studied for two-level, V-level, {lambda}-level, and double-{lambda}-level atomic configurations by means of a system-reservoir approach. An off-resonant nonadiabatic approach to loading {lambda}-level trapped-atom memories is proposed, and the ensuing trade-offs between the atom-light coupling rate and input photon bandwidth for achieving a high loading probability are identified. The nonadiabatic approach allows a broad class of optical sources to be used, and in some cases it provides a higher system throughput than what can be achieved by adiabatic loading mechanisms. The analysis is extended to the case of two double-{lambda} trapped-atom memories illuminated by a polarization-entangled biphoton.},
doi = {10.1103/PHYSREVA.75.032318},
journal = {Physical Review. A},
number = 3,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}