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Title: Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmas

Abstract

This paper reviews the progress in understanding the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection, focusing on significant results in the past decade from dedicated laboratory experiments, numerical simulations, and space astrophysical observations. Particularly in the area of local reconnection physics, many important findings have been made with respect to two-fluid dynamics, the profile of the neutral sheet, the effects of guide field, and scaling laws with respect to collisionality. Notable findings have been made on global reconnection dynamics through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas as well as in solar flares. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we will discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. Especially, the recent data on local reconnection physics from the Magnetic Reconnection Experiment device [M. Yamada et al., Phys. Plasmas 13, 052119 (2006)] are used to compare experimental and numerical results.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Center of Magnetic Self-organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20975094
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1063/1.2740595; (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COLLISIONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FOCUSING; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMA; SCALING LAWS; SOLAR FLARES; SPACE

Citation Formats

Yamada, Masaaki. Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmas. United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1063/1.2740595.
Yamada, Masaaki. Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmas. United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740595.
Yamada, Masaaki. Tue . "Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmas". United States. doi:10.1063/1.2740595.
@article{osti_20975094,
title = {Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmas},
author = {Yamada, Masaaki},
abstractNote = {This paper reviews the progress in understanding the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection, focusing on significant results in the past decade from dedicated laboratory experiments, numerical simulations, and space astrophysical observations. Particularly in the area of local reconnection physics, many important findings have been made with respect to two-fluid dynamics, the profile of the neutral sheet, the effects of guide field, and scaling laws with respect to collisionality. Notable findings have been made on global reconnection dynamics through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas as well as in solar flares. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we will discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. Especially, the recent data on local reconnection physics from the Magnetic Reconnection Experiment device [M. Yamada et al., Phys. Plasmas 13, 052119 (2006)] are used to compare experimental and numerical results.},
doi = {10.1063/1.2740595},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Tue May 15 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}